- Economy of the Cayman Islands
The economy of the
Cayman Islands, a British overseas territorylocated in the western Caribbean Sea, is mainly fueled by the tourism sector and by the financial services sector, together representing 70-80 percent of the country's gross domestic product(GDP). The Cayman Island Investment Bureau, a government agency, has been established with the mandate of promoting investment and economic development in the territory. [ [http://www.investcayman.ky Cayman Islands Investment Bureau] .]
The emergence of what are now considered the Cayman Islands' "twin pillars of economic development" (tourism and
international finance) started in the 1950s with the introduction of modern transportationand telecommunications. [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5286.htm Background Note: Cayman Islands] . Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, February 2008. US Department of State. Retrieved 11 September 2008.]
From the earliest settlement of the
Cayman Islands, economic activity was hindered by isolation and a limited natural resource base. The harvesting of sea turtles to resupply passing sailing ships was the first major economic activity on the islands, but local stocks were depleted by the 1790s. Agriculture, while sufficient to support the small early settler population, has always been limited by the scarcity of available land. Fishing, shipbuilding, and cottonproduction boosted the economyduring the early days of settlement. In addition, settlers scavenged shipwreck remains from the surrounding coral reefs.
The boom in the Cayman Islands' international finance industry can also be at least partly attributed to the colony having no
direct taxation. A popular legend attributes the tax-free status to the heroic acts of the inhabitants during a maritime tragedy in 1794, often referred to as "Wreck of the Ten Sails". [ [http://www.caymanchamber.ky/visitor/poi.htm#wreck Points of Interest: The Wreck of the Ten Sails] . Cayman Islands Chamber of Commerce, 2003. Retrieved 11 September 2008.] The wreck involved nine British merchant vessels and their naval escort, the frigateHMS Convert, that ran aground on the reefs off Grand Cayman. Due to the rescue efforts by the Caymanians using canoes, the loss of life was limited to eight. [ [http://www.nationaltrust.org.ky/info/eelight.html The East End Lighthouse Park] . National Trust of the Cayman Islands, 8 June 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2008.] However, records from the colonial era indicate that Grand Cayman, then a dependency of Jamaica, was not tax-exempt during the period that followed. In 1803, the inhabitants signed a petition addressed to the Jamaican governor asking him to grant them a tax exemption from the "Transient Tax on Wreck Goods". [Smith, Roger C. (2000). "The Maritime Heritage of the Cayman Islands". University Press of Florida. ISBN 0813017734, p. 172.]
International finance and tourism
The Cayman Islands' tax-free status has attracted numerous banks and other companies to its shores.
More than 40,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 2000, including almost 600
banks and trust companies, with banking assets exceeding $500 billion. Large corporations based in the Cayman Islands include Seagate Technology, Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation(SMIC), GarminLtd. and TransoceanInc. The Cayman Islands Stock Exchangewas opened in 1997. Tourismis also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings.Fact|date=September 2008 The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Unspoiled beaches, duty-freeshopping, scuba diving, and deep-sea fishing draw almost a million visitors to the islands each year. Due to the well-developed tourist industry, many citizens work in service jobs in that sector.
tandard of living
Because the islands cannot produce enough goods to support the population, about 90% of their food and consumer goods must be imported. In addition, the islands have few natural fresh water resources.
Desalinationof sea water is used to solve this.Despite those challenges, the Caymanians enjoy one of the highest outputs per capita and one of the highest standards of living in the world.The Cayman Islands produces gourmet sea salt.
Education is compulsory to the age of 16 and is free to all Caymanian children. Most schools follow the British educational system. Ten primary, one special education, a high school and a middle school ('junior high school') are operated by the government, along with three private high schools. In addition, there is a law school, a university-college and a medical school.
GDP:purchasing power parity - $1.939 billion (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:1.7% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita:purchasing power parity - $43,800 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
"services:"95.4% (1994 est.)
Population below poverty line:NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Inflation rate (consumer prices):4.4% (2004)
Labor force:23,450 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation:agriculture 1.4%, industry 12.6%, services 86% (1995)
Unemployment rate:4.4% (2004)
"expenditures:"$392.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)
Industries:tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials,
Industrial production growth rate:NA%
Electricity - production:441.9 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - production by source:
Electricity - consumption:411 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports:0 kWh (1998)
Electricity - imports:0 kWh (1998)
Agriculture - products:
vegetables, fruit; livestock, turtle, sea saltfarming
Exports:$2.52 million (2004)
Exports - commodities:turtle products, sea salt ,manufactured consumer goods
Exports - partners:mostly US (2004)
Imports:$866.9 million (2004)
Imports - commodities:foodstuffs, manufactured goods
Imports - partners:US, Netherlands Antilles, Japan (2004)
Debt - external:$70 million (1996)
Economic aid - recipient:$NA
Currency:1 Caymanian dollar (CI$) = 100 cents
Exchange rates:Caymanian dollars per US dollar - 0.82 (
29 October 2001), 0.83 ( 3 November 1995), 0.85 ( 22 November 1993)
1 April– 31 March
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