Eastern Ghats

Eastern Ghats

The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. The Eastern Ghats run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. They are eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The coastal plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats. As with the Western Ghats, these mountain ranges also have their local names, e.g. the Velikonda Range of Andhra Pradesh.

At their southern end, the Eastern Ghats form several ranges of low hills. The southernmost of the Eastern Ghats are the low Sirumalai and Karanthamalai Hills of southern Tamil Nadu. North of the River Kaveri are higher Kollimalai, Pachaimalai, Shevaroy (Servaroyan), Kalrayan Hills, Chitteri, Palamalai and Mettur Hills in northern Tamil Nadu state. The climate of the higher hill ranges is generally cooler and wetter than the surrounding plains and the hills are home to coffee plantations and enclaves of dry forest. The hill station of Yercaud is located in the Shevaroy Hills. The Bilgiri Hills, which run east from the Western Ghats to the River Kaveri, forms a forested ecological corridor that connects the Eastern and Western Ghats, and allows the second-largest wild elephant population in India to range between the South Eastern Ghats, the Biligiri and Nilgiri Hills, and the South Western Ghats.

The Ponnaiyar and Palar Rivers flow from headwaters on the Kolar Plateau eastward through gaps in the Ghats to empty into the Bay of Bengal; the Javadhu Hills lie between the two rivers. There are waterfalls in remote areas, such as the Kiliyur Falls. [cite web
url=http://www.hindu.com/mp/2006/02/11/stories/2006021102780300.htm
title=Jungle Look
publisher=The Hindu
accessdate=2006-12-09
]

North of the Palar River in Andhra Pradesh, the central portion of the Eastern Ghats consist of two parallel ranges running approximately north-south; the lower Velikonda Range lies to the east, and the higher Palikonda-Lankamalla-Nallamalla Ranges lie to the west. The Palar River cuts through the ranges. The Velikonda Range eventually descends to the coastal plain in northern Nellore district, while the Nallamalla Range continues to the River Krishna. A range of low hills lie between the Krishna and the Godavari, but north of the Godavari the Eastern Ghats increase again in height, forming the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.

The region boasts of fertile soil but hydropower generation here is not as profitable as it is in the Western Ghats.

The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats, and have a complex geologic history, related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of Rodinia and the assembly of the Gondwana supercontinent.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eastern Ghats —   [ iːstən gɔːts], Gebirge in Indien, Ostghats …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eastern Ghats — geographical name chain of mountains SE India extending SW & S from near delta of the Mahanadi in Orissa to W Tamil Nadu; highest point Mt. Dodabetta (in Nilgiri Hills) 8640 feet (2633 meters) see Western Ghats …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Eastern Ghats — East′ern Ghats′ n. pl. geg a low mountain range in S India along the E rim of the Deccan plateau, parallel to the coast of the Bay of Bengal …   From formal English to slang

  • Eastern Ghats — /istən ˈgæts/ (say eestuhn gats) plural noun See Ghats …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Eastern Ghats — a low mountain range in S India along the E margin of the Deccan plateau and parallel to the coast of the Bay of Bengal. * * * …   Universalium

  • Eastern Ghats — a low mountain range in S India along the E margin of the Deccan plateau and parallel to the coast of the Bay of Bengal …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ghats — two lines of mountains in South India. The Western Ghats run along the coast of the Arabian Sea, and the Eastern Ghats run along the Bay of Bengal …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Ghats — [gôts, gäts] two mountain ranges (Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats) forming the east & west edges of the Deccan Plateau, India: highest peak, 8,841 ft (2,695 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Eastern — may refer to:* The Eastern world ( i.e. , Asia) ** Eastern philosophy ** Eastern religion* Eastern Time Zone * Eastern Air Lines, a defunct American airline * Eastern AA, a football team in Hong Kong * Eastern bloc, during the Cold War * Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghats orientales — Los Ghats orientales en a geografía de la India …   Wikipedia Español

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