Beddington Zero Energy Development (BedZED) is an environmentally-friendly-housing development near Wallington,
England, in the LondonBorough of Sutton. It was designed by the architect Bill Dunster, who was looking for a more sustainable way of building housing in urban areas. The project was a partnership among BioRegional, Bill Dunster Architectsthe Peabody Trust, Arupand the cost consultants Gardiner and Theobald. The 99 homes, and 1,405 square metres of work space were built in 2000–2002. The project was shortlisted for the Stirling Prizein 2003.
BedZED is accessible from the east side of London Road (A237), opposite New Road, approximately 500
metresnorth of Hackbridge station. Because of BedZED's low-energy-emission concept, cars are discouraged; the project encourages public transport, cycling, and walking, and has limited parking space.
The development is within about five minutes walk of Hackbridge station, which services trains from London Victoria and St Pancras International via London Blackfriars. There is a
Tramlinkservice from Croydonor Wimbledon to Mitcham Junctionstation, which is within 15 minutes walk of BedZED.
BedZED is serviced by the 127 bus on the
Purley– Tootingroute, via Wallington railway stationand Hackbridge.
* Zero energy—The project is designed to use only energy from renewable sources generated on site. There are 777 m² of solar panels. Tree waste fuels the development's
cogenerationplant (downdraft gasifier) to provide district heatingand electricity. The gasifier is not being used, because of technical implementation problems, though the technology has been and is being used successfully at other sites.
* High quality—The apartments are finished to a high standard to attract the urban professional.
* Energy efficient—The houses face south to take advantage of
solar gain, are triple glazed, and have high thermal insulation.
* Water efficient—Most rain water falling on the site is collected and reused. Appliances are chosen to be water-efficient and use recycled water when possible. A "Living Machine" system of recycling waste water was installed, but is not operating.
* Low-impact materials—Building materials were selected from renewable or recycled sources within 35 miles of the site, to minimize the energy required for transportation.
* Waste recycling—Refuse-collection facilities are designed to support recycling.
* Transport—The development works in partnership with the United Kingdom's leading car-sharing operator,
City Car Club. Residents are encouraged to use this environmentally friendly alternative to car ownership; an on-site selection of vehicles is available for use.
* Encourage eco-friendly transport—Electric and liquefied-petroleum-gas cars have priority over cars that burn petrol and diesel, and electricity is provided in parking spaces for charging electric cars.
Monitoring conducted in 2003 [cite paper
author = Nicole Lazarus
title = Beddington Zero (Fossil) Energy Development: Toolkit for Carbon Neutral Developments - Part II
publisher = BioRegional
date = October 2003
url = http://www.bioregional.com/publications.htm#housing_reps] found that BedZED had achieved these reductions in comparison to UK averages:
* Space-heating requirements were 88% less
* Hot-water consumption was 57% less
electrical powerused, at 3 kilowatt hours per person per day, was 25% less than the UK average; 11% of this was produced by solar panels [cite paper
author = Simon Corbey
title = The BedZED lessons
publisher = University of East London
date=December 2005] . The remainder normally would be produced by a combined-heat-and-power plant fueled by wood chips, but the installation company's financial problems have delayed use of the plant.
* Mains-water consumption has been reduced by 50%, or 67% compared to a power-shower household.
* The residents' car mileage is 65% less.While attaining lofty environmental goals, some New UrbanistsWho|date=August 2008 argue that the layout of this otherwise forward-thinking project reflects the neo-modernist "slab" architecture rather than contributing to the fabric of the streetscape.Fact|date=August 2008
* October 2005 - Sutton and Cheam Society Design award.
* September 2004 - Bremen Awards Special Commendation
* March 2004 -
Civic Trust’s sustainability award
* November 2003 -
Office of the Deputy Prime MinsterAward for sustainable communities – BedZED was short listed with 3 other projects.
* October 2003 -
Stirling Prize– BedZED was short listed
* October 2003 -
RIBAjournal sustainability award
* July 2003 -
Housing Design Awards– BedZED won a 'Completed Scheme' award. Judges said, "it works".
* June 2003 -
Ashden Awards- for projects building on the experience of BedZED [ [http://www.ashdenawards.org/winners/brdg BedZED wins Ashden Award] ]
* December 2002 -
World Habitat Awards– BedZED was a finalist.
* May 2001 -
Evening StandardNew Homes Awards – BedZED won the London Lifestyle award. "Ambitious and brave, and a model for future developments"
* February 2002 -
Energy Globe Award– international award recognising BedZED as the foremost example of sustainable energy in building and housing.
* 2002 - Building Services Award for innovation.
* December 2001 - UK Solar Awards, run by Energy 21, for BedZED – "perhaps the most influential of all housing projects this century".
* June 2001 - Housing Design Award for sustainability, from the
Royal Institute of British Architects
Energy efficiency in British housing
Passive solar building design
* [http://www.peabody.org.uk/bedzed Peabody Trust BedZED website]
* [http://www.bioregional.com/programme_projects/ecohous_prog/bedzed/bedzed_hpg.htm BioRegional BedZED website]
* [http://www.bioregional-quintain.com BioRegional Quintain website]
* [http://www.zedfactory.com/bedzed/bedzed.html ZedFactory's BedZED website]
* [http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/en/495-An-architect-s-sustainable-dreams - An architect’s sustainable dreams 一个建筑师的可持续之梦, chinadialogue article about BedZED]
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