Cristoforo Landino

Cristoforo Landino
Federico Montefeltro with humanist writer Cristoforo Landino (right), in an example of Oriental carpets in Renaissance painting, by Sandro Botticelli, circa 1460.

Cristoforo Landino (1424, Pratovecchio, Casentino, Florence – 24 September 1498, Borgo alla Collina, Casentino) was an Italian humanist and an important figure of the Florentine Renaissance.

Contents

Biography

A member of a noble family from the Casentino, Landino was born in Florence in 1424. He studied law and Greek (under George of Trebizond). Against his father's will he turned away from a career in the law and decided to study philosophy instead, a decision he would not have been able to make but for the patronage of Piero di Cosimo de' Medici. Landino's wife Lucrezia was a member of the Alberti family.

In 1458 Landino replaced Cristoforo Marsuppini as the chair of rhetoric and poetry at the Florentine Studio. His students, seeking a more renowned teacher, initially opposed Landino's appointment, but he nevertheless remained and became an important part of the cultural and intellectual life of Florence.

Landino was a member of the Platonic Academy founded by Marsilio Ficino in Florence. He was the tutor of Lorenzo de' Medici and his brother Giuliano. Landino also held public office, first as chancellor of the Guelf party (1467) and later as scriptor of public letters for the Signoria.

Landino died in 1498 in a villa in Borgo alla Collina, which he received as a gift from the Medici.

Works

Landino was a prolific writer. He championed the use of vernacular Italian.

He wrote three works framed as philosophical dialogues: De anima (1453), De vera nobilitate (1469), and the Disputationes Camaldulenses (c. 1474). In the Disputationes several humanists compare the merits of the active and the contemplative life.

As the lady "Xandra" Landino published three volumes of Latin poems. They were dedicated in 1458 to Piero de' Medici. He also prepared many letters and orations, which were published long after his death in Italian in Venice (1561).

Of special importance to the Renaissance, Landino prepared commentaries on the Aeneid (1478) and The Divine Comedy (1481). To promote the use of vernacular Italian, Landino held lectures on Petrarch and translated and published Pliny's Historia naturalis (1476) and Giovanni Simonetta's Latin life of Francesco Sforza (1490).

Editions

  • Chatfield, Mary P. (trans.). Cristoforo Landino: Poems (Cambridge, Mass.; London,: Harvard University Press, 2008) (The I Tatti Renaissance library, 35).

References

  • Bernuzzi, Marco. "Cristoforo Landino," in Contemporaries of Erasmus. Eds. Thomas B Deutscher and Peter G Bietenholz. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.
  • Gilson, Simon A. "Tradition and Innovation in Cristoforo Landino’s Glosses on Astrology in His Comento sopra la comedia (1481)," Italian Studies, 58 (2003), 48-74.
  • Pieper, Christoph, Elegos redolere Vergiliosque sapere: Cristoforo Landinos "Xandra" zwischen Liebe und Gesellschaft. Noctes Neolatinae Bd. 8. Hildesheim: Olms, 2008. xx, 356 S.



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  • Cristoforo Landino — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cristoforo Landino fue un humanista florentino (1425 1498). Maestro de Lorenzo de Médicis y miembro de la Academia platónica florentina, donde entabló amistad con Marsilio Ficino. Escribió un comentario sobre La… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Landino — Landino,   Cristoforo, italienischer Humanist, * Florenz 1424, ✝ ebenda 24. 9. 1498; lehrte Rhetorik und Poetik an der Universität Florenz und wurde 1467 Kanzler der Signoria. Seit 1468 war er Mitglied der Platonischen Akademie M. Ficinos, dessen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Landīno — Landīno, Cristoforo, ital. Gelehrter, geb. 1424 in Florenz, gest. 1504 in Pratovecchio, widmete sich den klassischen Studien, übernahm 1458 die Professur der Poesie und Beredsamkeit in Florenz, wo er zugleich Lehrer von Lorenzo und Giuliano de… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Landino, Cristoforo — (1424 1498)    Humanist, professor of poetry at the University of Florence, and prominent member of the Platonic Academy of Florence, an informal association of scholars led by the Neoplatonic philosopher Marsilio Ficino. Landino s dialogue… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Christoforo Landino — (* 1424 in Pratovecchio, Casentino, Provinz Arezzo; † 24. September 1498 (umstritten), Borgo alla Collina, Casentino), auch lateinisch Christophorus Landinus und Cristoforo di Bartolomeo Landino, war ein italienischer Humanist und Dichter, Lehrer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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