- Thomas Cavalier-Smith
Professor Thomas (Tom) Cavalier-Smith (born
October 21 1942), FRS, FRSC, NERC Professorial Fellow, is a Professorof Evolutionary Biologyin the Department of Zoology, at the University of Oxford. He was presented with the International Prize for Biology(a prize of 10 million yen) in 2004 [ [http://www.jsps.go.jp/english/e-biol/20awards.html The Committee on the International Prize for Biology of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science awards the 2004 International Prize for Biology in the field of "Systematic Biology and Taxonomy" to Prof. Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK] . Retrieved December 9, 2006.] .
Cavalier-Smith has published extensively on the classification of
protists. One of his major contributions to biology was his proposal of a sixth kingdom of life: the Chromista, although the usefulness of the grouping is still open to debate. He also proposed that all chromista and alveolatashare the same common ancestor, a claim later supported by studies of morphological and molecular evidence by other labs. He named this new group the Chromalveolates. He also proposed and named many other high-rank taxa, like Opisthokonta (1987), Rhizaria(2002), and Excavata (2002). Together with Chromalveolata, Amoebozoa(he emended their description in 1998), and Archaeplastida(which he called Plantae since 1981) the six form the basis of current taxonomy of eukaryotes. Prof. Cavalier-Smith has also published prodigiously on issues such as the origin of various cellular organelles(including the nucleus, mitochondria), genome size evolution, and endosymbiosis. Though fairly well known, many of his strongest claims have been controversial and have not gained widespread acceptance in the scientific communityto date.
Most recently, he has published a paper citing the
paraphylyof his bacterial kingdom, the origin of Neomurafrom Actinobacteriaand taxonomy of prokaryotes.
* [http://mmbr.highwire.org/cgi/content/abstract/57/4/953 Kingdom protozoa and its 18 phyla] [http://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=14106160973358338677] [http://mmbr.highwire.org/cgi/reprint/57/4/953.pdf] , Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 1993 December; 57(4): 953-994
* [http://www.zoo.ox.ac.uk/staff/academics/cavaliersmith_t.htm University of Oxford Faculty Web Page for T. Cavalier-Smith]
* [http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=T-Cavalier-Smith T. Cavalier-Smith on Google Scholar]
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