Trans-Siberian Railway Panorama

Trans-Siberian Railway Panorama

The Trans-Siberian Railway Panorama was a simulated train ride, using a moving panorama, first exhibited at the 1900 Paris Exposition. The panorama itself is also known as "The Great Siberian Route: the Main Trans-Siberian Railway".

The Railway Panorama was commissioned by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons Lits, and shown in the Siberian section of the Exposition's Russian pavilion. It recreated the most interesting stages of a journey from Moscow to Beijing on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The actual trip would have been 6,300 miles, and taken 14 days, although not all of the tracks were in fact complete by 1900; the simulated experience lasted between 45 minutes and 1 hour.

The installation included three 70-foot-long luxury railway cars, complete with saloons, dining rooms, and bedrooms. The audience would sit in the railway cars, and view the panorama through the windows. Additional spectators could watch from rows of seats placed alongside the cars. The moving panorama was a stage-like area with multiple layers of moving objects and scrolling paintings. The nearest objects were sand, rocks, and boulders attached to a horizontal belt that moved at a speed of 1000 feet per minute. Next was a low screen painted with shrubs and brush, which moved at 400 feet per minute. Behind that, another screen with paintings of more distant scenery moved at 130 feet per minute. The final screen showed mountains, forests, and cities; it was 25 feet tall and 350 feet long, and moved just 16 feet per minute. The net result of these four layers was to produce a simulated perspective of great depth, via motion parallax.

The panorama was created under the direction of Pawel Yakovlevich Pyasetsky. Pyasetsky made numerous sketches and watercolor drawings based on trips along the railway route through Siberia beginning in 1897. Features shown included the cities of Moscow, Omsk, Irkutsk, and Beijing, and the Great Wall of China. The panorama was not fully complete until 1903, years after the Paris Exposition. According to a newspaper article and comments of filmmaker Alice Guy-Blaché, Pyasetsky was also commissioned to make a cinematograph of the trip, which was reportedly shown to Tsar Nikolas II, but the film was not used in the public exhibit.

The jury at the Paris Exposition awarded the Railway Panorama a Gold Medal, and Pyasetsky received the Order of the Legion of Honor. The exhibit was also shown at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri.

The panoramic painting itself still exists, in the collection of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg. In 2004, the Hermitage announced plans to restore, document, and exhibit the painting.


*cite book|title=Digital Illusion: Entertaining the Future with High Technology|editor=Clark Dodsworth Jr.|author=Walt Bransford|chapter=The Past Was No Illusion|pages=53-54
*cite book|title=The Panorama|author=Bernard Comment|location=London|publisher=Reaktion Books|year=1999|pages=74|id=ISBN 1-86189-042-7
*cite web|title=Dr Pawel Yakovlevich Piasecki (or Pyassetsky)|author=Stephen Bottomore|work=Who's Who of Victorian Cinema |url=|accessdate=2006-06-20
*cite web|title=The State Hermitage and Russian Railroads (RZD) Sign a Protocol of Intent|work=State Hermitage Museum |url=|accessdate=2006-06-20

External links

* [ Pyasetsky and Trans-Siberian railway] en icon

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trans-Siberian Railway — The Trans Siberian Railway or Trans Siberian Railroad (Транссибирская магистраль, Транссиб in Russian, or Transsibirskaya magistral , Transsib) is a network of railways connecting Moscow and European Russia with the Russian Far East provinces,… …   Wikipedia

  • Panoramic painting — Panoramic paintings are massive artworks that reveal a wide, all encompassing view of a particular subject, often a landscape, military battle, or historical event. They became especially popular in the 19th Century in Europe and the United… …   Wikipedia

  • Exposition Universelle (1900) — The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world s fair held in Paris, France, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next. The style that was universally present in the Exposition was Art Nouveau …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — This article is about the current country. For other uses, see Russia (disambiguation). Russian Federation Российская Федерация Rossiyskaya Federatsiya …   Wikipedia

  • Moscow — This article is about the capital of Russia. For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). Moscow Москва (Russian)   Federal city   …   Wikipedia

  • List of rail accidents (2000–present) — List of rail accidents from 2000 to the present. The list includes some terrorist bombings. For accidents before 1950, see List of pre 1950 rail accidents .For accidents between 1950 and 1999 (inclusive), see List of 1950 1999 rail accidents .For …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Syrový — Infobox Officeholder name = Jan Syrový office=Acting President of Czechoslovakia term start=October 5 1938 term end=November 30 1938 predecessor=Edvard Beneš successor=Emil Hácha office2= order2 = 11th office2 = Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia… …   Wikipedia

  • Rokumeikan — The Rokumeikan (鹿鳴館?) Deer cry Hall was a large two story building in Tokyo, completed in 1883, which was to become a controversial symbol of Westernisation in the Meiji period. Commissioned for the housing of foreign guests by the Foreign… …   Wikipedia

  • Starlight Express — Infobox Musical name= Starlight Express subtitle= caption= 1987 Japan/Australia tour Logo music= Andrew Lloyd Webber lyrics= Richard Stilgoe Don Black David Yazbek book= Richard Stilgoe productions= 1984 West End 1987 Broadway 1987… …   Wikipedia

  • Choir, Mongolia — For other uses, see Choir (disambiguation). Choir Чойр   Town   Train station of Choir, Mongol …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”