- Troy Aikman
caption=Troy Aikman at the House of Representatives.
birthdate=birth date and age|1966|11|21
West Covina, California
college=Oklahoma & UCLA
Pro Bowlselection (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996)
All-Proselection (1993, 1994, 1995)
Super Bowlchampion (XXVII, XXVIII, XXX)
Super Bowl XXVIIMVP
* 1997 Walter Payton Man of the Year
Davey O'Brien Award
* Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honor
Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966 in
West Covina, California) is a former American football quarterbackfor the Dallas Cowboysof the National Football League, and currently a television sportscasterfor the Fox network. He is also a joint owner of the NASCAR Sprint Cupracing team, Hall of Fame Racing, along with fellow former Cowboys quarterback, Roger Staubach. He is considered among the best NFL quarterbacks of all time, and was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Famein 2006. He is referred to as one of "The Triplets" with Cowboys teammates Michael Irvinand Emmitt Smith.
The youngest of three children, Aikman was born in West Covina, California on
November 21, 1966to Charlyn and Kenneth Aikman, and lived in Cerritos, Californiauntil age 12, when his family moved to a farm in Henryetta, Oklahoma. In "Things Change", an account of his life written for kids, Aikman recounted that he thought his athletic career was over, but, to his surprise, it was just beginning. He made All State in both football and baseball, and his high school, Henryetta High School, retired his football jersey. In high school, he was also involved in the Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA), the influence of which can be seen in his business ventures.
Oklahoma Sooners 1984-1985
New York Metsoffered Aikman a contract out of high school, but instead of playing baseball he chose to pursue football and attended the University of Oklahomaunder head coach Barry Switzer.
In 1985, his first season as a collegiate starter, Aikman led the Sooners to wins over Minnesota, Kansas State, and #17 Texas in the
Red River Shootoutbefore hosting the Miami Hurricanes and his future head coach Jimmy Johnson.
On October 19, in front of a sellout crowd of 75,008 at Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Miami's
Jerome Brownbroke through the offensive line, sacked Aikman on the Sooner 29-yard line and broke Aikman's ankle. Aikman, who had been six of eight passing for 131 yards, would be lost for the season. Switzer and offensive coordinator Jim Donnanwere forced to switch back to the wishbone offense under freshman quarterback Jamelle Holieway. The team went on to win the 1985 National Championship by beating Penn State in the 1986 Orange Bowl.cite web|url=http://www.soonerstats.com/football/games/recap.cfm?GameID=850|title=1985 OU-Miami Game|publisher=Soonerstats.com |date=2007] cite web|url=http://www.soonerstats.com/football/games/recap.cfm?GameID=858|title=1986 Orange Bowl|publisher=Soonerstats.com |date=2007] With Holieway established as the starting quarterback at OU, Aikman decided to transfer to UCLA.cite web|url=http://www.aikman.com/foot_college.shtml|title=Troy Aikman Official College Football Site|publisher=Aikman.com|date=2007]
UCLA Bruins 1986-1989
Switzer oversaw Aikman's transfer to UCLA, a program under
Terry Donahuethat was more conducive to a passing quarterback. He had to redshirt one year due to college transfer rules but went on to lead the Bruins to a 20-4 record over two seasons.
As a junior, Aikman led the Bruins to a 10-2 record and the 1987 Aloha Bowl, where they beat the Florida Gators 20-16.cite web|url=http://www.bruingold.com/heritage/yearly.shtml|title=BruinGold.com Season Statistics|publisher=Bruingold.com |date=2007] cite web|url=http://www.bruingold.com/players/legends/legends_Aikman.shtml|title=BruinGold.com Aikman Page|publisher=Bruingold.com |date=2007]
As a senior, Aikman won the 1988
Davey O'Brien Awardas the nation's top quarterback, a first for UCLA. He was a Consensus All-American, the UPI West Coast Player of the Year, the Washington DC Club QB of the Year, a finalist for the 1988 AFCA "Coaches Choice" Player of the year award, and he finished third for the 1988 Heisman Trophy. UCLA matched the victory total from the previous season under Aikman, going 10-2 and losing only to USC and Washington State. The season culminated with a 17-3 Bruin victory over the Arkansas Razorbacks in the 1989 Cotton Bowl, which was played in Dallas. The Dallas media spent most of the Cotton Bowl week promoting Aikman as the "next quarterback of the Cowboys," and much was made of Tom Landry watching Troy Aikman practice during the Bruins' workouts at Texas Stadium. Aikman finished his career as the number two career passing leader in UCLA history.In 2008 he was elected to the college football hall of fame. [cite web|url=http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=3376835|title=Cannon, Aikman, Holtz lead 15 into Hall of Fame|publisher=ESPN.com|date=2008]
Aikman was the projected No. 1 overall pick in the
1989 NFL Draft, held by the Cowboys. On February 25, 1989, new owner Jerry Jonesfired Tom Landry, and replaced him with Jimmy Johnson. A few months later in the NFL's supplemental draft, Johnson drafted Steve Walsh, who played for Johnson at the University of Miami. Aikman won the starting quarterback job, and Walsh was traded early in the 1990 season.
Aikman's NFL career started with a 28-0 loss to the
New Orleans Saints. The following week, Aikman threw his first touchdown pass, a 65-yard completion to Michael Irvin, but the Atlanta Falconsintercepted two passes and won. He finished 1989 with an 0-11 record as a starter, completing 155 of 293 passes for 1,749 yards, 9 TDs, 18 INTs.
Aikman proved resilient, however, and in 1990, nearly led the Cowboys to the playoffs. In 1991, he led the Cowboys to a 6-5 record in the first 11 games and had the Cowboys ahead in week 12 against undefeated Washington when he was injured.
Steve Beuerleinlead to a playoff win. Aikman played in the NFC Divisional Playoff game against the Detroit Lions, but lost, 38-6. However, he was selected to the first of six consecutive Pro Bowls.
In 1992, Aikman set career highs in completions (302), passing yards (3,445) and touchdown passes (23), and led the Cowboys to a team record 13 regular season victories. The team won
Super Bowl XXVIIagainst the Buffalo Bills, 52-17. Aikman, named Super Bowl MVP, completed 22-of-30 passes for 273 yards with 4 TDs.
In 1993, Aikman posted a 99.0 passer rating, and Dallas finished with a 12-4 record and defeated the Bills again in
Super Bowl XXVIII. Johnson left the team on 29 March 1994, and Jones hired Barry Switzer, a former college teammate at the University of Arkansas. The Cowboys lost the NFC Championship game to the San Francisco 49ers.
In 1995, Aikman amassed over 3,300 yards passing as the Cowboys won
Super Bowl XXX, beating the Pittsburgh Steelers27-17. In 1997, Aikman became the first quarterback in Dallas history to have three straight 3,000-yard seasons, but the team finished 6-10, and missing the playoffs. Switzer suffered the first losing season of his career, and resigned in 1996.
Revolving-door personnel changes plagued the Cowboys for the rest of Aikman's tenure. He also suffered a series of
concussions. His 10th, at the hands of Washington Redskins linebacker LaVar Arrington, would end his career. The Cowboys finished the 2000 season 5-11.
After he was waived a day before he was due a $70 million/7-year contract extension, Aikman announced his retirement on
9 April 2001after failing to find another team. He ended his career as the Cowboys' all-time leading passer (32,942 yards). 90 of his 94 career wins were in the 1990s and were the most by any quarterback in any decade. [http://www.profootballhof.com/hof/member.jsp?player_id=254]
After his retirement as a player, Aikman joined Fox's NFC telecasts as a
color commentatorfor the 2001 season. A year later, he was named to the network's lead announcing crew, teaming with Joe Buckand (from 2002-2005) Cris Collinsworth. Aikman received an Emmy Awardnomination for his television work in 2004 and has helped broadcast two Super Bowls (XXXIX and XLII) to date.
Aikman also hosts a weekly sports radio show which airs on Thursday from 7 to 8 p.m. ET on
Sporting News Radio, and appears weekly during the football season on the Dunham & Miller morning show on Dallas sports talk radio station 1310 The Ticket. He was a public spokesman for Acme Brickthroughout his career. He is also the chairman of the Troy Aikman Foundation, a charity to benefit children that has recently focused on building playplaces for children's hospitals.
Aikman, once named the most eligible bachelor in Dallas by "
Texas Monthly", married former Cowboys publicistRhonda Worthey on April 8, 2000, in Plano, Texas, after dating country singer Lorrie Morganand rumors of dating Sandra Bullockand Janine Turner. [Citation |last=Crissey |first=Mike |title=Cowboy quarterback, former staffer, are wed |url=http://www.texnews.com/1998/1999/cowboys/wed0409.html |accessdate=2007-10-04] They have three children: Rachel Worthey (from Rhonda's previous marriage), daughter Jordan Ashley Aikman born August 24, 2001, and daughter Alexa Marie Aikman born July 30, 2002.cite web|url=http://hometown.aol.com/bluekate/troybio.htm|title=Troy Aikman Fan Bio|publisher=Bluekate|date=2007]
Aikman is an advocate for reading. In 2008, he read out loud Dr. Seuss to children at the White House. [ [http://www.newyorktimesbestsellerlist.org/reviews/troy-aikman Troy Aikman and Books] ]
In 1999, he was ranked No. 95 on "
The Sporting News"' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.
September 19, 2005, at halftime of the Cowboys-Redskins game (broadcast on " Monday Night Football"), Aikman was inducted into the Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honorwith his longtime teammates Michael Irvinand Emmitt Smith. On August 5, 2006, Aikman was one of six players inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. When he accepted the honor, the ever-modest Aikman commented that he was merely a beneficiary of the Cowboys' system and being paired with subsequent Hall-of-Famers Irvin and Smith.
Hall of Fame Racing
In late 2005, Aikman together with another former Cowboys quarterback,
Roger Staubach, established Hall of Fame Racingwith Terry Labonteand Tony Rainesco-driving the #96 DLP HDTV Chevrolet in the NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series in 2006 (the race car's number was derived by multiplying Aikman's Cowboy jersey number 8 by Staubach's jersey number 12). Raines drove for Aikman full time in 2007, and J.J. Yeleyand Brad Colemandrove the car in 2008. He has invited some of the current and former Dallas Cowboys players Drew Bledsoe, Terry Glenn, Roy Williams, and others to test drive NASCAR race cars at Texas Motor Speedway.
References and notes
* [http://www.dallascowboys.com/history_hof.cfm?player=aikman Dallas Cowboys Hall of Fame and Ring of Honor profile]
* [http://sidewalkstv.com/webclips/a/troyaikman.html Troy Aikman 2007 Interview] on "
* [http://www.mreplay.com/search_result.php?search_id=Troy+Aikman&search_typ=search_videos&x=28&y=17 Videos of Troy Aikman at UCLA on mReplay]
* [http://www.newyorktimesbestsellerlist.org/reviews/troy-aikman Troy Aikman and Books]
NAME=Aikman, Troy Kenneth
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Football player
DATE OF BIRTH=
November 21, 1966
PLACE OF BIRTH=
West Covina, California
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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