George Stewart Henry

George Stewart Henry

name = George Stewart Henry

caption =
order = 10th Premier of Ontario
term_start = December 16, 1930
term_end = July 10, 1934
predecessor = Howard Ferguson
successor = Mitchell Hepburn
birth_date = birth date|1871|7|16|mf=y
birth_place = King Township, Ontario
death_date = death date and age|1958|09|02|1871|07|16
death_place = Toronto, Ontario
party = Ontario PC Party
spouse = Anna Ketha Pickett
religion = United Church|

George Stewart Henry (July 16, 1871 – September 2, 1958) was a farmer, businessman and politician in Ontario, Canada.

Born in Township of King, York County, Ontario, the son of William and Louisa Henry, Henry was educated at the public schools of Toronto, Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto where he received a B.A. and LL.B. He also spent a year at the Ontario Agricultural College and decided to become a farmer in East York, Ontario. He was a member of York Township Council from 1903 until 1910. He was reeve from 1906 to 1910 and was elected warden of York in 1909. [cite book|title=A cyclopædia of Canadian biography|year=1919|publisher=Hunter-Rose Company|url=]

He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in 1913 as a Conservative. In 1920 he ran for the leadership of the provincial Conservatives at that party's first ever leadership convention but lost to Howard Ferguson who led the party to victory in the subsequent general election. From 1923 to 1930, Henry served as Minister of Highways in the Ferguson government, expanding on the highway system that was initiated by the previous government of Ernest C. Drury.

When Ferguson stepped down in 1930, barely a year into the Great Depression, Henry succeeded him as Conservative party leader and Premier of Ontario. Henry continued the programme of building roads, extending Ontario's highway system from 670 km to 3888 km.

Construction of Canada's first four lane controlled access superhighway, the Toronto to Niagara Falls Queen Elizabeth Way, is the most lasting achievement of the highway program. Henry was opposed to government intervention to deal with the economy. Aside from building roads, his government did little to alleviate public suffering during the Depression, such as unemployment in the cities, or the collapse of prices for farm products in the country. Henry's government, like the federal government of R.B. Bennett, established work camps for jobless men. They were established not so much to provide social welfare, but rather as social control, i.e., to evacuate this potentially radical element from the cities. The work camps also provided a source of labour for the construction of Henry's highway system.

In the 1934 election, George Henry sought a new mandate from the voters in his first election as Premier. Some felt the government had little to offer beyond more road construction, and the Tories were soundly defeated by the Ontario Liberal Party led by Mitchell Hepburn.

Henry's farm, now in the North York part of the City of Toronto, became a subdivision of suburban houses in the 1960s, called "Henry Farm". George S. Henry Academy is a public high school nearby.


External links

* [ The Ontario Heritage Foundation plaque - Honourable George Stewart Henry 1871-1958]

Preceded by:
Edward Arunah Dunlop
Treasurer of Ontario
Succeeded by:
Mitchell Hepburn

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Stewart Henry — 10e Premier ministre de l Ontario Mandat 16 décembre,1930 10 juillet,1934 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George S. Henry — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Henry (disambiguation) — George Henry may refer to:* George Augustus Henry Sala (1828 1895), English journalist * George Henry (baseball) (1863 1934), baseball player * George Henry (painter) (1858 1943), Scottish painter * George Henry Andrews (1926 1997), former… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Farm — is an officially designated neighbourhood in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the north central part of town in the former municipality of North York.Henry Farm is bounded on the north by Sheppard Avenue East, on the east by …   Wikipedia

  • Henry — is an English male given name and a surname, derived from Heinrich of Germanic origin. Equivalents in other languages are Henrik (Scandinavian), Eanruig (Scots Gaelic), Enrico (Italian), Henri (French), Enrique (Spanish), Henrik (Hungarian),… …   Wikipedia

  • George Drew — George Alexander Drew 14e Premier ministre de l Ontario Mandat 17 août,1943 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stewart (Familienname) — Stewart ist ein Familienname. Für den Clan, siehe Stewart (Clan). Für weitere Varianten siehe Stuart (Name) und Steward. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George R. Stewart — George Rippey Stewart (May 31, 1895 – August 22, 1980) was an American toponymist, a novelist, and a professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley.Born in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, Stewart was educated at Princeton University, the …   Wikipedia

  • George R. Stewart — George Rippey Stewart (* 31. Mai 1895 in Sewickley, Pennsylvania; † 22. August 1980) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Sprachforscher und Professor für Englisch an der University of California, Berkeley. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Gurnett — Portrait de George Gurnett Nationalité Angleterre, Haut Canada Naissance 1792 Sussex, Angleterre Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”