Charity school

Charity school
The Blue Coat School (in this case Christ's Hospital, London) as drawn by Augustus Pugin and Thomas Rowlandson for Rudolph Ackermann's Microcosm of London (1808-11). The picture shows the Great Hall on St. Matthew's Day, September 21st. Two senior boys destined for scholarships to Oxford and Cambridge Universities, known as Grecians, gave orations in praise of the school, one in Latin and the other in English.

A charity school, also called Blue Coat School, was significant in the History of education in England. They were erected and maintained in various parishes, by the voluntary contributions of the inhabitants, for teaching poor children to read, write, and other necessary parts of education. They were usually maintained by religious organisations, which provided clothing and education to students freely or at little charge. In most charity schools, children were likewise put out to trades, services, etc, on the same charitable foundation. Some schools were more ambitious than this, and sent a few pupils on to university, as depicted in the illustration.

Charity schools began in London, and spread throughout most of the urban areas in England and Wales. By 1710, the account of the charity schools in and around London stood thus: number of schools, 88; boys taught, 2181; girls, 1221; boys put out to apprentices, 967; girls, 407. By the 19th century, English elementary schools were predominantly charity schools.

Blue coat schools in order of foundation

See also


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  • Charity school — La Blue coat school (dans le cas présent, il s agit de la Christ s Hospital, à Londres, dessinée par Auguste Charles Pugin et Thomas Rowlandson pour l ouvrage Microcosm of London de Rudolph Ackermann (1808 1811). L image montre le Grand Hall le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charity School —    See St. Botolph Aldgate Charity School …   Dictionary of London

  • charity school — U.S. Hist. an elementary school, usually funded by charitable persons or organizations, for those unable to pay: a forerunner of the public school system. [1675 85] * * * ▪ English elementary school also called  Blue Coat School,         type of… …   Universalium

  • charity school — /ˈtʃærəti skul/ (say charuhtee skoohl) noun a day school for poor children in the 18th and 19th centuries; usually run by the Church of England …  

  • charity school — A school operating on a charitable basis in giving instruction in the useful branches of learning by methods common to schools and institutions of learning, as distinguished from schools conducted primarily for teaching dancing, riding,… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • charity school — noun : a school for poor children that is supported by charitable bequests or contributions …   Useful english dictionary

  • charity-school — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Moor's Charity School — was founded in 1754 in Lebanon, Connecticut, by the Puritan minister Eleazar Wheelock to provide education for Native Americans who desired to be missionaries to the native tribes. The school survived for only a fairly short time, as Connecticut… …   Wikipedia

  • (St.) Botolph Aldgate Charity School —    In Victualling Office Square. On the east side of Little Tower Hill, west of and facing the Mint (Lockie, 1810).    Founded in 1673 for the parish of St. Botolph s. The first Protestant parochial charity school in London, and the first to… …   Dictionary of London

  • Farringdon Ward Within. Charity School —    At the west end of Bull and Mouth Street, early facing Butcher Hall Lane (Lockie, 1810 Elmes, 1831).    Established 1705 by the inhabitants of the ward.    Not named in the maps.    Amalgamated with Aldersgate Ward School, 1875 …   Dictionary of London

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