Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra ( _ru. Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́, "Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug – Yugra"), or Khantia-Mansia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Tyumen Oblast). The people native to the region are the Khanty and the Mansi, known collectively as Ob Ugric people.The general territory was known as Yugra. For details of the long history of conflict between the Khanty, Mansi and Russia see the Yugra page.

The local languages, Khanty language and Mansi language are co-official in this region along with Russian.

The majority of the oil produced in Russia comes from Khantia-Mansia, giving the region great economic importance.

The okrug was established on December 4, 1939, as the Autonomous District of the Ostyaks and Voguls ( _ru. Остя́ко-Вогу́льский автоно́мный о́круг). In 1942, it was renamed Autonomous District of the Khanty and Mansis. The administrative centre is Khanty-Mansiysk.


Principal rivers in this region are Ob and its tributary Irtysh.

Time zone

Khantia-Mansia is located in the Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT/YEKST). UTC offset is +0500 (YEKT)/+0600 (YEKST).

Administrative divisions


"Population": Khantia-Mansia has an area of 523,100 km², but the area is sparsely populated with a total population of 1,432,817 according to the 2002 Census. The administrative centre is Khanty-Mansiysk, with 53,953 inhabitants, but the largest cities are Surgut (285,027), Nizhnevartovsk (239,044), and Nefteyugansk (107,830).

"Ethnic groups": The indigenous population (Khanty, Mansi, Nenets) is only 2% of the total population. The exploitation of natural gas in Khantia-Mansia has attracted immigrants from all over the former Soviet Union. The 2002 Census counted twenty-five ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each. The national composition was • Russian 66.05% • Ukrainian 8.60% • Tatar 7.50% • Bashkir 2.50% • Azeri 1.75% • Belarusians 1.43% • Khanty 1.20% • Chuvash 1.07% • Moldovan 0.76% • Mansi 0.69% • Kumyk 0.67% • Lezgin 0.60% • German 0.58% • Mari 0.51% • Chechen 0.48% • Armenian 0.45%% • Mordovian 0.44% • Tajik 0.39% • Uzbek 0.36% • Kazakh 0.30% • Udmurt 0.26% • Komi-Permiak 0.19% • Nogai 0.17% • Komi 0.16% • Kyrgyz 0.14% • Dargin 0.14% • Avar 0.13% • Polish 0.13% • Bulgarian 0.12% • Gagauz 0.11% • Nenets 0.09% • Georgian 0.09% • Greek 0.08% • Lak 0.07% • Korean 0.06% • Turkish 0.06% • Ossetian 0.06% • Ingush 0.05% • Jewish 0.05% • Komi-Izhem 0.05% • and Lithuanian 0.04%, with many other groups of less than five hundred persons each. 0.92% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire. [cite paper|url= |title=National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation |accessdate=2006-07-20 |format=XLS |publisher=2002 Russian All-Population Census |date=2002] Historical population figures are shown below:

Vital statistics (2005)
*"Births": 19,958 (birth rate 13.5)
*"Deaths": 10,415 (death rate 7.1)

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source

Birth Rate: 14.61 per 1000

Death Rate: 7.01 per 1000

Net Immigration: +3.4 per 1000

NGR: +0.76% per Year

PGR: +1.10% per Year


A majority of the population is Orthodox Christian, while a significant minority (about 17%) of the population follows Islam.


In the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug primary transport of goods accounted for water and railway transport, 29% is transported by road, and 2% aviation. The total length of railway tracks 1106 km. The length of roads, more than 18000.


External links

* [ The official website of the public authorities Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug ] ru icon en icon
* [ Official site Duma Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug ] ru icon

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Ханты Мансийский автономный округ  Югра (Russian)   Autonomous okrug   …   Wikipedia

  • Oktyabrsky District, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — (English) …   Wikipedia

  • Beryozovsky District, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Beryozovsky District ( ru. Берёзовский район) is one of nine districts ( raions ) of Khanty Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located in the north western part of the okrug, on the left bank of meridional part of the Ob River within the limits of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mezhdurechensky, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — For other places with the same name, see Mezhdurechensky (inhabited locality). Mezhdurechensky (Russian: Междуреченский) is a urban locality (an urban type settlement) and the administrative center of Kondinsky District of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous …   Wikipedia

  • Oktyabrskoye, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — For other uses, see Oktyabrsky. Oktyabrskoye (Russian: Октябрьское) is an urban locality (an urban type settlement) and the administrative center of Oktyabrsky District of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia. Population: 3,601 (2010 Census… …   Wikipedia

  • Sovetsky, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Sovetsky ( ru. Советский) is a town in Khanty Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located 470 km west of Khanty Mansiysk. Population: 23,230 (2002 Census); 21,123 (1989 Census).It was founded in 1963 and granted urban type settlement status in 1963.… …   Wikipedia

  • Beloyarsky, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Beloyarsky ( ru. Белоярский) is a town in Khanty Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia, located on the Kazim River (Ob s tributary), northwest of Khanty Mansiysk. Population: 19,500 (2005 est.) Economy of the town is based on oil and natural gas… …   Wikipedia

  • Raduzhny, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Raduzhny ( ru. Радужный) is a town in Khanty Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the Agan River, 475 km northeast of Khanty Mansiysk and 975 km northeast of Tyumen. Population: 47,060 (2002 Census); 43,726 (1989 Census).It was founded as a …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — The flag of Khanty Mansi autonomous okrug Yugra ( ru. Ханты Мансийский автономный округ Югра) in the Russian Federation is a rectangular field arranged with two strips at even proportions (azure on top, and green on bottom). A horizontal white… …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — *Cities and towns under the autonomous okrug s jurisdiction: **Khanty Mansiysk (Ханты Мансийск) (administrative center) **Beloyarsky (Белоярский) **Kogalym (Когалым) **Langepas (Лангепас) **Megion (Мегион) *** Urban type settlements under the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”