- Krasnodar Krai
Infobox Russian federal subject
Coat of arms of Krasnodar Krai
Flag of Krasnodar Krai
Anthem of Krasnodar Krai
September 13, 1937
PoliticalStatusLink=Krais of Russia
HeadTitle=Head of Administration
PrimeTitle=First Deputy Head of Administration
Charter of Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai ( _ru. Краснода́рский край, "Krasnodarsky kray") is a federal subject of
Russia(a krai), located in the Southern Federal District.
Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the
Forecaucasusand a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerchand the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia. The krai territory encompasses the Republic of Adygea. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Seacoast, with the most important port ( Novorossiysk) and resort ( Sochi) in this part of the country.
Geographically, the area is split by the
Kuban Riverinto two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (historically known as Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasusrange, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complexecoregion; the climateis Mediterraneanor, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppeand shares continental climatepatterns. The largest lake is Abrauin the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyurso.
Krasnodar Krai is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
"Population": 5,125,221 (2002 Census); 5,113,148 (1989 Census). The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the
Kuban Riverdrainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossackland (see" History of Cossacks"). The Kuban Cossacksare now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians(mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century.
"Ethnic groups": The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in
Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:
A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire. [cite paper|url=http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls |title=National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation |accessdate=2006-07-20 |format=XLS |publisher=2002 Russian All-Population Census |date=2002]
Vital Statistics for 2007: Source
Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000
Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000
Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000
NGR: -0.32% per Year
PGR: +0.39% per Year
Music of Krasnodar
Governors of Krasnodar Krai
* [http://eng.russ-yug.ru/section/krasnodar/ News and events of Krasnodar Krai]
* [http://www.russiakrasnodar.com/ Krasnodar Photographs]
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