700 Naval Air Squadron

700 Naval Air Squadron
700 Naval Air Squadron
700 NAS Badge.jpg
700 NAS badge
Active 1940-1944
1944-1949
1955-1961
1998-2008
2009-
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
Role Operational Evaluation Unit
Part of Fleet Air Arm
Garrison/HQ RNAS Yeovilton
Motto Experientia docet
(Latin: "Experience teaches")

700 Naval Air Squadron (700 NAS) is a squadron of aircraft in the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm.

Contents

History

700 NAS was originally formed in January 1940 at RNAS Hatston (HMS Sparrowhawk) in Orkney in a plan to centralise the operations of the 700 series "Catapult" flights attached to catapult units and to act a pool and Headquarters for all catapult aircraft embarked on battleships and cruisers - chiefly the Supermarine Walrus flying boat and Fairey Seafox floatplane.

On 21 June 1940, a Walrus (P5666) of 700 Squadron on the cruiser HMS Manchester found the German battleship Scharnhorst but HMS Manchester did not engage.

Trailing German capital ships in the lead up to the Battle of the Denmark Strait, Walrus L2184 of 700 NAS from HMS Norfolk was damaged by shellfire from Prinz Eugen in the Denmark Strait on 23 May 1941 while still on its catapult.

The final successful attack on an enemy submarine by a Walrus was on 11 July 1942, when Walrus W2709 of 700 (Levant) NAS sank the Cyprus.

There were at least 5 confirmed enemy submarines sunk or damaged by Walruses during the Second World War, including the Vichy French submarine Cameroons. The submarine was damaged and forced to surrender, and later scuttled off the Gulf of Guinea. The crew of Petty Officer P H Parsons, Sub Lt A D Corkhill and N A Evans were all awarded gallantry medals.

700 NAS was disbanded in March 1944, pilots transferring into 771 Naval Air Squadron, but it was reformed as a Test Pilot School in October 1944.

700 NAS re-emerged in August 1955 as a Fleet Requirements unit and from 1957 was based out of RNAS Lee-on-Solent to introduce the Whirlwind HAS.7.

The Squadron carried on trials of de Havilland Sea Vixens on HMS Victorious and HMS Centaur during 1958 and from October 1959 formed at Yeovilton with the Saunders Roe P.531 to investigate what would be needed to introduce a whole new form of helicopter operation to the Fleet – which lead to the Westland Wasp.

In October 1960 flight tests of landing and take-offs from HMS Vengeance with 27 launchings of the turboprop Fairey Gannet and 34 with the Hawker Sea Hawk.

A 700Z Sqn Buccaneer S.1 at RNAS Lossiemouth in 1961.

700 NAS disbanded again at RNAS Yeovilton in July 1961. However, a number of Intensive Flying Trials Units were subsequently formed under the "700 NAS" title, to prepare for new aircraft types coming into service. These operated as independent units, each being identified by a suffix letter after the squadron number (eg. "700B").

Several of these IFTUs were formed for the introduction of the Westland Wessex, Blackburn Buccaneer, McDonnell Douglas Phantom, Westland Sea King, Westland Lynx and BAe Sea Harrier into the Fleet Air Arm.

More recently, the squadron was re-commissioned at RNAS Culdrose in December 1998 as 700M Squadron, with a primary role of testing and evaluating the Merlin HM.1 helicopter. 700M disbanded on 31 March 2008, transferring its aircraft and personnel to 824 Naval Air Squadron and also forming a new flight, 824 OEU. The squadron reformed again as 700W NAS in May 2009 at Yeovilton as the Lynx Wildcat Fielding Squadron. 700W expects to receive up to five Wildcats from January 2013 for operational evaluation and conversion training.[1]

Aircraft operated

References

  1. ^ The Fleet Air Arm's Newest Squadron 700W Lynx Wildcat Commissions At RNAS Yeovilton

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 771 Naval Air Squadron — badge Active 1939 1955 1961 1964 1967–present Day Country …   Wikipedia

  • 701 Naval Air Squadron — Active Country UK Branch Royal Navy Role Training and ancillary Part of Fle …   Wikipedia

  • 705 Naval Air Squadron — 705 NAS badge Active 1936 1940 1947 present Country …   Wikipedia

  • 702 Naval Air Squadron — 702 NAS Badge Active 1936 1952, 1978 present Country U …   Wikipedia

  • 800 Naval Air Squadron — Blackburn Skuas of 800 Naval Air Squadron on the flight deck of HMS Ark Royal Active 3 Apr 1933 5 dec 1945 1972 …   Wikipedia

  • 835 Naval Air Squadron — Active 17 February 1942 1 April 1945 Country United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • 815 Naval Air Squadron — Official 815 Naval Air Squadron Badge Active Oct 1939 Nov 1939 Nov 1939 Jul 1943 Oct 1943 Nov 1944 Dec 1944 1945 1947 July 1958 Sep 1958 Aug 1959 …   Wikipedia

  • 801 Naval Air Squadron — Naval Ensign Active 1933 …   Wikipedia

  • 806 Naval Air Squadron — (806 NAS) was a fighter squadron in the Fleet Air Arm that existed from February 1940 to December 1960 and saw active service in Norway, the Dunkirk evacuation and the Malta Convoys. Contents 1 History 1.1 Formation 1.2 Norwegian Operations …   Wikipedia

  • 825 Naval Air Squadron — A Fairey Firefly Mark IV FR from 825 Naval Air Squadron flying a reconnaissance mission from HMS Ocean along the eastern seaboard of Korea …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”