Sophia Cathedral

Sophia Cathedral

Infobox religious building
building_name = St. Sophia (Ascension) Cathedral Софийский (Вознесенский) собор
infobox_width = 300px

image_size = 300px
caption = St. Sophia Cathedral and its bell tower in winter 2008
map_type =
map_size =
map_caption =
location = Russia, Saint Petersburg, Tsarskoye Selo
geo = coord|59|42|18.89|N|30|23|38.05|E|type:landmark_region:RU_scale:2000
latitude =
longitude =
religious_affiliation = Russian Orthodox
rite = Orthodox
region =
state = Russia
province =
territory =
prefecture =
sector =
district =
cercle =
municipality = Saint Petersburg, Tsarskoye Selo
consecration_year = 1788 (1989, 1999)
status = Cathedral
functional_status = Active
heritage_designation =
leadership =
website =
architecture = yes
architect = Charles Cameron, Ivan Starov; the bell tower - Leon Benois
architecture_type = Cathedral
architecture_style = Palladian
general_contractor =
facade_direction = West
groundbreaking = 1782
year_completed = 1788
construction_cost =
specifications = yes
capacity = 5,000
length =
width =
width_nave =
height_max =
dome_quantity = 5
dome_height_outer =
dome_height_inner =
dome_dia_outer =
dome_dia_inner =
minaret_quantity =
minaret_height =
spire_quantity = Stone, granite
spire_height =
materials =
nrhp =
added =
refnum =
designated =
Infobox church
name =
fullname =
color =

imagesize = 300px
caption =
landscape = yes
denomination =
diocese = Saint Petersburg and Ladoga
division = Tsarskoe Selo
parish = St. Sophia Cathedral
subdivision =
founded_date =
founder =
architect =
style =
constructed_date =
dedicated_date =
closed_date =
demolished_date =
bishop =
priest =
archdeacon =
dean = Rev. Gennadiy Zverev
provost =
rector =
canon =
prebendary =
curate =
chaplain =
vicar =
deacon =
abbot =
minister =
seniorpastor =
pastor =
address = 1, Sofiyskaya pl., Tsarskoye Selo, St. Petersburg Санкт-Петербург, Царское Село, Софийская пл., 1
country = "flagicon|Russia
phone = +7 812 465-30-19
website =

The Ascension Cathedral in the town of Sophia (now a part of Pushkin) in the vicinity of Saint Petersburg, was one of the first purely Palladian churches to be built in Russia. Rather paradoxically, it may also be defined as "the first example of Byzantinism in Russian architecture" [Anthony Cross. "By the Banks of the Neva". Cambridge University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-521-55293-1. Page 292.] .

The cathedral was founded in July 1782 at the instigation of Catherine II of Russia. The Tsarina, eager to liberate Constantinople from the Turks, wished to have a replica of the Hagia Sophia in the proximity of the Catherine Palace where she spent her summers. In addition, the cathedral was to be the chapter church of the newly established Order of Saint Vladimir.

The Empress called upon her favourite architect, Charles Cameron, to design this "Byzantinesque" church, but the Scottish architect, though well versed in the Palladian idiom, had a vague idea of what Byzantine architecture stood for. His design called for an austere and monumental whitewashed exterior, with Doric porticoes on each side, probably a reference to the works of Lord Burlington.

Construction works, supervised by Ivan Starov, lasted for six years. In the eventual variant, the five wide domes were placed on squat drums, vaguely reminiscent of the Hagia Eirene. The church was consecrated on 28 May, 1788 in the presence of the Empress. During the two decades that followed, the Imperial Academy of Arts had the interior adorned with Neoclassical paintings. A detached two-storied belltower was added considerably later, in 1905, to a design by Leon Benois.

In 1817, Alexander I of Russia gave the cathedral to a hussar regiment of his Leib Guard, which was quartered in Sophia. During the rest of the 19th century, the regiment had the cathedral transformed into a sort of military museum, its walls lined with marble plaques honouring the hussars' victories. Near the altar, for instance, were placed the banners captured by General Cherniaev from the Khan of Kokand.

In 1934, the Communist government had the cathedral closed down, with marble plaques and precious furnishings either nationalized or stolen. It stood abandoned until 1990, when the Russian Orthodox Church resumed worship there. The same year, a bust of Alexander Nevsky was added nearby, by way of commemorating the 750th anniversary of the Battle of the Neva.

Inline references

Online references

* [ Sophia Cathedral on the Alexander Palace Time Machine] - history, pictures, floorplans
* [ Sophia Cathedral, Kazan Cemetery and nearby Hospitals] - from Tsarskoe Selo in 1910

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Kiev: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev Pechersk Lavra State Party = UKR Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv ID = 527 Region = Europe and North America Year = 1990 Session = 14th… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod — The Cathedral of St. Sophia (the Holy Wisdom of God) in the Kremlin (or Detinets) in Novgorod the Great is the cathedral church of the Archbishop of Novgorod and the mother church of the Novgorodian Eparchy. HistoryThe 38 metre high, five domed,… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk — The Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Polotsk ( be. Полацкі Сафійскі сабор; ru. Собор Святой Софии в Полоцке) was built by Prince Vseslav Briacheslavich (rr.1044 1101) between 1044 (it is first mentioned in the Voskresenskaia Chronicle under the year… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Sophia Cathedral — ( Saint Sofia ) may refer to: Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod Saint Sophia Cathedral in Harbin Saint Sophia Cathedral in Polotsk St Sophia s Cathedral, London This disambiguation page lists articles associated… …   Wikipedia

  • Sophia — is a common female name derived from the Greek word for wisdom. It may also refer to:;Spiritual * Sophia (wisdom), the Greek word for wisdom , a theological concept in Hellenistic religions * Pistis Sophia, gnostic text * In the Ben Sirach,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sophia of Halshany — (Belarusian: Соф я Гальшанская, Sofja Halšanskaja ; Lithuanian: Sofija Alšėniškė ; Polish: Zofia Holszańska ) (c. 1405 1461), was a Lithuanian princess of Halshany, Queen of Poland from (1422 1461), and the last wife of Jogaila. BiographyVytautas …   Wikipedia

  • Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach — Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg Kulmbach (November 28, 1700 ndash; May 27, 1770) was queen consort of Denmark and Norway as the wife of King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway.She was born in Castle Schonberg, to Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg …   Wikipedia

  • Cathedral architecture of Western Europe — A cathedral is a church, usually Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from the word cathedra , or Bishop s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis ). The term is often… …   Wikipedia

  • Cathedral of Christ the Saviour — For the church in Kaliningrad, see Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Kaliningrad). Cathedral of Christ the Saviour Храм Христа Спасителя The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour as viewed from the bridge over Moscow River …   Wikipedia

  • Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg — Portrait of Sophia Dorothea by Jacques Vaillant, 1682 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”