Neak Pean

Neak Pean
Neak Pean

The central pond at Neak Pean
Neak Pean is located in Cambodia
Neak Pean
Location in Cambodia
Coordinates: 13°27′47″N 103°53′40″E / 13.46306°N 103.89444°E / 13.46306; 103.89444Coordinates: 13°27′47″N 103°53′40″E / 13.46306°N 103.89444°E / 13.46306; 103.89444
Name
Proper name: Neak Pean
Location
Country: Cambodia
Location: Angkor
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Buddha
Architectural styles: Khmer
History
Date built:
(Current structure)
second half of the 12th century[1]
Creator: Jayavarman VII

Neak Pean (Khmer: ប្រាសាទនាគព័ន្ធ) ("The entwined serpents") at Angkor, Cambodia is an artificial island with a Buddhist temple on a circular island in Preah Khan Baray built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII. It is the "Mebon" of the Preah Khan baray (the "Jayatataka" of the inscription).[2]

Contents

Etymology

The name is derived from the sculptures of snakes (Nāga) running around the base of the temple structure.

History

Layout of Neak Pean

Some historians believe that Neak Pean represents Anavatapta, a mythical lake in the Himalayas whose waters are thought to cure all illness.[3] Neak Pean was originally designed for medical purposes, as it is one of the many hospitals that Jayavarman VII built. It is based on the ancient Hindu belief of balance. Four connected pools represent Water, Earth, Fire and Wind. The ancients believed that going into these pools would balance the elements in the bather, thus curing disease. In the middle of the four healing ponds is the central water source. There is a statue of Balaha (Bodhisattva Guanyin transformed into a horse), as a symbol of drowning prevention.

See also

References

External links


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