Pre Rup

Pre Rup

Infobox Mandir


creator = Rajendravarman
proper_name = Pre Rup
date_built = 961 or 962 A.D.
primary_deity = Shiva
architecture = Khmer
location = Angkor, Cambodia

Pre Rup (Khmer: ប្រាសាទប្រែរូប) is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built as the state temple of King Rajendravarman and dedicated in 961 or 962. It is a temple mountain of combined brick, laterite and sandstone construction.

Located just south of the East Baray, or eastern reservoir, Pre Rup is aligned on a north-south axis with the East Mebon temple, another creation of the reign of Rajendravarman. Pre Rup was dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. Its extensive laterite and brick give it a pleasing reddish tone that is heightened by early morning and late afternoon sunlight.

The temple has a square lay-out and two perimeter walls. A laterite causeway gives entry from the east; unfortunately, a modern road cuts across it. To either side inside the eastern gate is a group of three towers aligned north to south; one of the towers appears to have never been built or to have been dismantled later. Further ahead, through another gate, libraries lie to either side of the walkway. Steps lead toward the top level, with carved sitting stone lions arrayed at intermediate stages. At the top, five towers are arranged in a quincunx pattern--one at each corner of the square and one in the center. Deities carved as bas reliefs stand guard at either side of the central tower’s eastern door; its other doors are false doors. The temple has significant detailed carving in various places—in one scene, the god Indra stands atop his three-headed elephant.

The temple’s name is a comparatively modern one meaning “turn the body." This reflects the common belief among Cambodians that funerals were conducted at the temple, with the ashes of the body being ritually rotated in different directions as the service progressed. Some archeologists believe that a long stone container at the base of the main eastern stairs of the temple was used in funerals.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pre Rup — Prè Rup Le Prè Rup Prè Rup est le temple d état de Rajendravarman II construit vers 961 au sud du baray oriental sur le site d Angkor au Cambodge. Il était consacré à Śiva et le liṅga personnel du roi, Rājendreśvara, y était v …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pre Rup — Der Staatstempel Pre Rup Blick von der obersten Pyramidenstufe nach Ost …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prè Rup — 13° 26′ 08″ N 103° 55′ 14″ E / 13.435473, 103.920452 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Architecture of Cambodia — The period of Angkor is the period from approximately the latter half of the 8th century A.D. to the first half of the 15th century. If precise dates are required, the beginning may be set in 802 A.D., when the Khmer King Jayavarman II pronounced …   Wikipedia

  • Kambuja — Angkor Wat Angkor – Satellitenbild und Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Architecture khmère — Principaux sites khmers L architecture khmère est un style très spécifique de construction inspiré des édifices religieux hindouistes de l Inde et qui affirma le caractère sacré du pouvoir des rois khmers déifiés (devarāja) par des temples… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Southeast Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The classical literatures of Southeast Asia can be divided into three major regions: the Sanskrit region of… …   Universalium

  • East Mebon — Infobox Mandir creator = Rajendravarman proper name = East Mebon date built = 10th century A.D. primary deity = Shiva architecture = Khmer location = Angkor, CambodiaThe East Mebon( km. ប្រាសាទមេបុណ្យខាងកើត) is a 10th Century temple at Angkor,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rajendravarman II. — Rajendravarman II. († 968) war von 944 bis zu seinem Tod König des Khmer Reiches von Angkor. Pre Rup Tempel Rajendravarman II. war Neffe des früheren Königs Yasovarman I. und beanspruchte Glied der monarchischen Linie zu sein, die bis in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Angkor — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Angkor State Party = CAM Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv ID = 668 Region = Asia Pacific Year = 1992 Session = 16th Danger = 1992 2004 Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/668Angkor is a name… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”