- Baron Hastings
Baron Hastings is a title that has been created three times. The first creation was in the
Peerage of Englandin 1295, and is still extant. The second creation was in the Peerage of England in 1299, and became extinct on the death of the first holder in c. 1314. The third creation was in the Peerage of England in 1461, and has been in abeyance since 1960.
John Hastings was summoned to the
Model Parliamentas Lord Hastings on 23 June 1295. He was the son of Henry de Hastings, who had been created "Baron Hastings" by Simon de Montfort in 1263. This title does not appear to have been recognised by the King, although his son John Hastings is sometime referred to as the second Baron Hastings. John Hastings's grandson, the third Baron, was created Earl of Pembrokein 1339. The latter’s son, the second Earl, married as his second wife Anne Hastings, 2nd Baroness Manny. Their son, the third Earl and fifth Baron Hastings, succeeded his mother as third Baron Manny.
On his death in 1389 the earldom and barony of Manny became extinct, while the barony of Hastings became dormant. It then became the subject of a bitter-fought law suit, nominally over the right to the Hastings arms but including the right to the family honours. The barony was claimed by Hugh Hastings (1377-1396) (later deemed the "de jure" 7th Baron Hastings; see below). He was the eldest son of Sir Hugh Hastings, grandson of Sir Hugh Hastings (c. 1307 - 1347), son of the second Baron by his second wife. Hugh claimed the title as “heir of the half blood”. However, the claim was contested by
Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, as “heir of the whole blood”. Lord Grey de Ruthyn claimed the Barony in right of his grandmother Elizabeth, daughter of the second Baron Hastings by his first wife. On Hugh Hasting’s early death in 1396 the claim passed to his younger brother Edward Hastings (1382-1438) (later deemed the "de jure" 8th Baron Hastings; see below). In 1410 a court decided in favour of Grey. Hastings immediately appealed, and at the coronation of Henry V in 1413, he claimed the right to carry the spurs before the King, which Lord Grey de Ruthyn had done undisputed in 1399 at the coronation of Henry IV. Hastings was later ordered to pay the costs of the trial. When he refused, he was imprisoned in 1417. He remained imprisoned until 1433, but refused to buy his release by abandoning his claims. No final decision regarding the Barony was made at the time, but both families continued to claim the title. The Grey finally abandoned their claim in 1639.
After the title had been dormant for 452 years, in 1841
House of Lordsdecided that the rightful successor to the third Earl of Pembroke and fifth Baron Hastings was his kinsman John Hastings, "de jure" 6th Baron Hastings. He was the eldest son of Sir Hugh Hastings, younger son of the first Baron. His successor should have been his great-nephew, the aforementioned Hugh Hastings, "de jure" 7th Baron Hastings. The next holder should have been his younger brother, the aforementioned Edward Hastings, "de jure" 8th Baron Hastings. On the death of the latter’s great-great-great-grandson, the "de jure" 15th Baron, the peerage technically fell into abeyance between the Baron's sisters Anne and Elizabeth. The House of Lordsdecision meant that there were three co-heirs to the barony. The decision was in favour of Sir Jacob Astley, 6th Baronet, who was summoned to the House of Lordsthe same year as Lord Hastings. He was a descendant of the aforementioned Elizabeth, sister of the "de jure" 15th Baron. Lord Hastings had previously represented West Norfolk in the House of Commons.
As of 2007 the titles are held by his great-great-great-grandson, the twenty-third Baron and thirteenth Baronet, who succeeded his father in 2007. The twenty-second Baron served in the Conservative administrations of
Harold Macmillanand Sir Alec Douglas-Home as a government whip from 1961 to 1962 and as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Housing and Local Governmentfrom 1962 to 1964.
The Astley Baronetcy, of Hill Merton in the County of Warwick, had been created in the
Baronetage of Englandon 25 June 1660for Jacob Astley. He represented Norfolk in House of Commons for many years. His great-grandson, the fourth Baronet, also represented Norfolk in Parliament. He married Rhoda, daughter of Francis Blake Delaval, of Seaton Delaval Hallin Northumberland, and sister of John Delaval, 1st Baron Delaval. Through this marriage the Seaton Delaval estate came into the Astley family. Their son, the fifth Baronet, was also Member of Parliament of Norfolk. The latter was the father of the sixth Baronet, who succeeded as Baron Hastings in 1841.
The family seat is
Seaton Delaval Hall.
Edmund Hastings was the younger son of
John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings. On 29 December 1299he was summoned to Parliament as Lord Hastings. However, this creation became extinct on his death sometime around 1314.
Sir William Hastings was summoned to Parliament as Lord Hastings on
26 July 1461. His son, the second Baron, married Mary, daughter of Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford, who had been attainted in 1461. Mary managed to obtain a reversal of the attainders of the Barony of Hungerford, Barony of Botreaux and Barony of De Moleyns. Their son, the third Baron, inherited the Barony of Hastings from his father and the Baronies of Hungerford, Botreaux and De Moleyns from his mother. In 1513 he was created Earl of Huntingdon.
On the death of the tenth Earl in 1789 the earldom became dormant, while the baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux and De Moleyns passed on to his sister Elizabeth, the wife of
John Rawdon, 1st Earl of Moira. Their son, the second Earl of Moira, inherited the four baronies on his mother's death in 1808. In 1816 he was created Marquess of Hastings. Lord Hastings married Flora Mure-Campbell, 6th Countess of Loudoun. Their son, the second Marquess, also inherited the Earldom of Loudoun from his mother. He married Barbara, 20th Baroness Grey de Ruthyn. On the death in 1868 of their younger son, the fourth Marquess (who had also succeeded his mother as Baron Grey de Ruthyn), the marquessate became extinct, the Scottish earldom of Loudoun passed on to his eldest sister, while the Baronies of Hastings, Hungerford, Botreaux, De Moleyns and Grey de Ruthyn fell into abeyance between the sisters.
In 1871 the Baronies of Botreaux, Hungerford, Moleyns and Hastings were called out of abeyance in favour of Edith, Countess of Loudoun (but not the Barony of Grey de Ruthyn, which was called out of abeyance in 1885 in favour of a different heir). On the death of the Countess of Loudoun's son, the 11th Earl, in 1920, the earldom passed to his eldest niece, Elizabeth, while the four Baronies fell into abeyance between Elizabeth and her younger sisters.
In 1921 the Baronies of Hastings and Botreaux were called out of abeyance in favour of Elizabeth (and the Barony of Stanley was called out of abeyance in her favour at the same time). However, the barony of De Moleyns and the barony of Hungerford were called out of abeyance in favour of a different heir (see the
Viscount St Davids). On Elizabeth's death in 1960 the baronies of Hastings, Stanley and Botreaux fell into abeyance between her daughters. As of 2007, they remain in abeyance.
"Baron Hastings" (1263)
Henry de Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings(d. 1268)
Barons Hastings (1295)
John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings(1262-1313)
John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings(1287-1325)
*Lawrence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke, 3rd Baron Hastings (1318-1348)
*John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, 4th Baron Hastings (1347-1375)
*John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, 5th Baron Hastings (1372-1389) (dormant)
John Hastings, de jure 6th Baron Hastings(1326-1393)
Hugh Hastings, de jure 7th Baron Hastings(1377-1396)
Edward Hastings, de jure 8th Baron Hastings(1382-1438)
John Hastings, de jure 9th Baron Hastings(1411-1477)
Hugh Hastings, de jure 10th Baron Hastings(1447-1488)
John Hastings, de jure 11th Baron Hastings(1466-1504)
George Hastings, de jure 12th Baron Hastings(1474-1512)
John Hastings, de jure 13th Baron Hastings(1498-1514)
Hugh Hastings, de jure 14th Baron Hastings(1515-1540)
John Hastings, de jure 15th Baron Hastings(1531-1542) (abeyant 1542)
Jacob Astley, 16th Baron Hastings(1797-1859) (abeyance terminated 1841; confirmed in barony 1841)
*Jacob Henry Delaval Astley, 17th Baron Hastings (1822-1871)
*Delaval Loftus Astley, 18th Baron Hastings (1825-1872)
*Bernard Edward Delaval Astley, 19th Baron Hastings (1855-1875)
*George Manners Astley, 20th Baron Hastings (1857-1904)
*Albert Edward Delaval Astley, 21st Baron Hastings (1882-1956)
*Edward Delaval Henry Astley, 22nd Baron Hastings (1912-2007)
*Delaval Thomas Harold Astley, 23rd Baron Hastings (b. 1960)
Heir Apparentis the present holder's son the Hon. Jacob Addison Astley
Astley Baronets, of Hill Morton (1660)
Sir Jacob Astley, 1st Baronet(c.1639–1729)
Sir Philip Astley, 2nd Baronet(1667–1739)
Sir Jacob Astley, 3rd Baronet(1692–1760)
Sir Edward Astley, 4th Baronet(1729–1802)
*Sir Jacob Henry Astley, 5th Baronet (1756–1817)
*Sir Jacob Astley, 6th Baronet (1797–1859) (succeeded as Baron Hastings in 1841)
Baron Hastings (1299)
Edmund Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings(c. 1265 –c. 1314)
Baron Hastings (1461)
William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings(c. 1430-1483)
Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings(c. 1464-1506
*George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon, 3rd Baron Hastings (1488-1544)
*Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon, 4th Baron Hastings (1514-1560)
*Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon, 5th Baron Hastings (1536-1595)
*George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon, 6th Baron Hastings (1540-1604)
*Henry Hastings, 5th Earl of Huntingdon, 7th Baron Hastings (1586-1643)
*Ferdinando Hastings, 6th Earl of Huntingdon, 8th Baron Hastings (1609-1656)
*Theophilus Hastings, 7th Earl of Huntingdon, 9th Baron Hastings (1650-1701)
*George Hastings, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, 10th Baron Hastings (1677-1705)
*Theophilus Hastings, 9th Earl of Huntingdon, 11th Baron Hastings (1696-1746)
*Francis Hastings, 10th Earl of Huntingdon, 12th Baron Hastings (1729-1789)
Elizabeth Rawdon, 13th Baroness Hastings(1731-1808)
*Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, 14th Baron Hastings (1754-1826)
*George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 2nd Marquess of Hastings, 15th Baron Hastings (1808-1844)
*Paulyn Reginald Serlo Rawdon-Hastings, 3rd Marquess of Hastings, 16th Baron Hastings (1832-1851)
*Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet Rawdon-Hastings, 4th Marquess of Hastings, 17th Baron Hastings (1842-1868) (abeyant)
*Edith Rawdon-Hastings, 10th Countess of Loudoun, 18th Baroness Hastings (1833-1874) (abeyance terminated 1871)
*Charles Edward Rawdon-Hastings, 11th Earl of Loudoun, 19th Baron Hastings (1855-1920) (abeyant)
*Edith Abney-Hastings, 12th Countess of Loudoun, 20th Baroness Hastings (1883-1960) (abeyance terminated 1921; abeyant on her death)
The co-heirs are the descendants of the 20th baroness:
Michael Abney-Hastings, 14th Earl of Loudoun(b. 1942)
*Mrs Sheena Williams (b. 1941)
*Mrs Flora Purdie (b. 1957)
Ian de Fresnes, 13th baron de Fresnes(b. 1942)
*Norman Angus Maclaren (b. 1948)
*Earl of Pembroke (1339 creation)
*Earl of Huntingdon (1513 creation)
Marquess of Hastings
Earl of Loudoun
Baron de Moleyns
Viscount St Davids
Baron Grey de Ruthyn
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]
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