Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon

Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon

Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl of Huntingdon (1514 – 20 June 1561) was the eldest son of George Hastings, 1st Earl of Huntingdon and Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon, the ex-mistress of Henry VIII.

His maternal first cousins included Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford and Henry Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex.

He was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire. He was tutored by John Leland during his youth. His mother, Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon had an affair with Henry VIII in 1510, the discovery of which led her husband to remove her to a convent and her brother to leave court in a rage, refusing to stay under Henry's roof. As late as 1513, Anne was the courtier who received the second most expensive New Year's gify from Henry, indicating that their relationship continued until then. However, there are no contemporary references to the possibility of Francis being an illegitimate son of the Tudor monarch.

His father was created the first Earl of Huntingdon by Henry VIII of England on 3 November, 1529. He was awarded stewardship over two abbeys in 1530.

Marriage and children

Francis married Catherine Pole on 25 June, 1532. She was a daughter of Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu and Jane Neville. Jane was in turn a daughter of George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny and Margaret Fenne. They had eleven children:

*Frances Anne Hastings (1533 - 1574). Married Henry Compton, 1st Baron Compton and was mother of William Compton, 1st Earl of Northampton.
*Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon (1536 - 14 December, 1595).
*William Hastings (b. 1537).
*George Hastings, 4th Earl of Huntingdon (1540 - 3 December, 1604).
*Sir Edward Hastings (1541 - 1603?). Married Barbara Deveraux, daughter of Sir William Deveraux and Jane Sccudamore. Her paternal grandfather was Walter Devereux, 1st Viscount Hereford. She was the sole heir of both her father and her previous husband Edward Cayce. Her considerable inheritance included Leicester Abbey.
*Catherine Hastings (11 August, 1542 - 22 September, 1576). Married Henry Clinton, 2nd Earl of Lincoln and was mother of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.
*Walter Hastings (1544 - 20 August, 1616). Married Joyce Roper.
*Elizabeth Hastings (c. 1546 - 24 August, 1621). Married Edward Somerset, 4th Earl of Worcester.
*Anne Hastings (b. 1548).
*Francis Hastings (c. 1550 - 26 September, 1610). Married Maud Longdord.
*Mary Hastings (b. 1552).

Political career

He seems to have gained some favour and was created a Knight of the Bath in 1533. His father died on 24 March, 1544 and Francis succeeded as the 2nd Earl of Huntingdon. At the coronation of Edward VI of England on 20 February, 1547, Huntingdon St. Edward's staff and took a prominent part in the jousting competition held in celebration of the event.

He was a political supporter of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland during the service of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset as Lord Protector. He was the one to lead Somerset to the Tower of London for his imprisonment on 13 October, 1549. He was rewarded with a creation as a Knight of the Garter before the end of that day, alongside George Brooke, 9th Baron Cobham, Thomas West, 9th Baron de la Warr and William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke.

The Kingdom of England was at this point at war with the Kingdom of Scotland under Mary I and Henry II of France and his domains. Huntingdon was named Lieutenant General of the army and Chief Captain of the fleet in a campaign against Boulogne-sur-Mer. His complaining about the lack of sufficient funding and equipment for his campaign was probably justified. The campaign led however to the signing of the Peace of Boulogne. According to its terms all English claims were forfeit in exchange for 400,000 British Crown coins . The British forces accordingly withdrew from Boulogne and all hostilities ceased for a time.

After this reasonable success for Huntingdon, Northumberland was able to provide his supporter with a membership in the Privy council. He accompanied Edward VI in 1552 and Northumberland in 1553 during their respective travels in English territory away from London. He probably enjoyed the trust of both men at the time.

In 1553, Huntingdon was further awarded with several estates in Leicestershire which were previously held by John Beaumont. Beaumont had been attended and was by then deceased. Huntingdon generously allowed the widow of Beaumont to keep their family manor in Grace-Dieu where further members of this family would survive.

On 21 May, 1553, his eldest son Henry married Catherine Dudley, one of the daughters of their ally John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. Huntingdon was among the nobles signing on the document proclaiming Lady Jane Grey to be the heir of Edward VI. Jane was married to Lord Guildford Dudley, son to Northumberland and brother-in-law of Henry Hastings. Huntingdon probably held high hopes for his son under the new reign.

He was among the supporters of Jane in her brief reign (10 July - 19 July, 1553) but this reign ended in revolt in favour of her cousin Mary I of England. Huntingdon was arrested and incarcerated in the Tower of London.

He was released in January 1554 and immediately assigned to locate and arrest the rebellious Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, father of Jane Grey. He was successful and led Suffolk to the Tower for his incarceration. He was present for the execution of Thomas Wyatt the younger (on 11 April, 1554).

He was a nephew by marriage of Reginald Cardinal Pole who served as a favourite of Mary I and briefly Archbishop of Canterbury (1557 - 1558). This connection allowed him to avoid persecution for his Protestantism. Mary would die in 1558 and be succeeded by her younger half-sister Elizabeth I of England.She awarded Huntingdon with the Honor of master of the hart-hounds.

He was succeeded by his eldest son two years later.

External links

* [ A biography article on him]

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