Gaf or Gāf may be the name of three different Arabic letters, all representing the sound of "g". They are all forms of the letter kāf, with additional
diacritics, such as dots and lines. There are three forms, each used in different places:
*گ in Persian
*Unicode|ݢ in Malay
*Unicode|ݣ in Moroccan
Gaf with line
گ is based on kāf with an additional line. It is rarely used in Arabic itself, but may be used to represent a
voiced velar stop(IPA: IPA|/ɡ/) when writing other languages.It used in Persianfrequently and it is one of four Persian letters which are not found in Arabic.
Gaf with single dot
ݢ is derived from a variant form (ک) of
kāfwith the addition of a dot. It is not used in Arabic itself, but is used in the Jawi scriptof Malay to represent a voiced velar stop(IPA: IPA|/ɡ/). Unicodeincludes two forms on this letter: one based on the standard Arabic kāf, ك, and one based on the variant form ک. The latter is the preferred form.
Gaf with three dots
unicode|ݣ is based on a variant form (ک) of
kāfwith the addition of three dots. It is used in informal Moroccan Arabicto represent a voiced velar stop(IPA: IPA|/ɡ/). The letter is also used officially to transliterate the voiced velar plosive as in many city names such as Agadir(أݣادير) and family names such as El Guerrouj (الݣروج).
Its initial and medial forms are identical to
ڭ, which represents a velar nasal(IPA: IPA|/ŋ/) in some languages. However, their final and isolated forms are different.
* [http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/render_download.php?site_id=nrsi&format=file&media_id=arabicletterusagenotes&filename=ArabicLetterUsageNotes.pdf Notes on some Unicode Arabic characters: recommendations for usage] (
Gaf siteler : http://www.gafoloji.com - http://www.gaftv.net
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