Yoik

Yoik

Yoik, Joik or juoiggus is a traditional Sami form of song.

Originally, yoik referred to only one of several Sami singing styles, but in English the word is often used to refer to all types of traditional Sami singing. Its sound is comparable to the traditional chanting of some American Indian cultures.

Each yoik is meant to reflect a person or place. This does not mean that it is a song about the person or place, but that the yoiker is attempting to transfer "the essence" of that person or place into song - one yoiks their friend, not about their friend. It usually has short lyrics or no lyrics at all. This type of song can be deeply personal or spiritual in nature. Improvisation is not unusual.

There are other forms of yoik (in the expanded sense of the word) that have a more epic type of lyrics.

In northern Sami areas, most yoiks are "personal," that is, tied to a specific person. A yoik is often made for a person at the time they are born.

It has traditionally been sung a cappella, sometimes accompanied by a drum. It is sometimes set to other instruments. The tonality of yoik is mostly pentatonic, but yoikers are at liberty to use any tones they please.

Personages

*Wimme Saari is one of the world's most renowned Sámi artists - whose use of yoik is the central factor of his music - and thus identifying him as one of the foremost Sami traditional musicians. He has been collaborating more in recent years and has worked with Swedish trio Hedningarna. Wimme Saari (website: http://www.rockadillo.fi/wimme/) mixes some elements of the old style yoiking with something new.

*Mari Boine is one of the most popular and inspiring artists of her culture; blending elements of yoik with other idioms - jazz, rock, world music - sculpting a sound which simultaneously exalts and transcends tradition.

*Nils-Aslak Valkeapää was a well-known modern Sami writer, musician, and artist using yoik in his work. He performed at the opening ceremony of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games in Lillehammer, Norway.

*Kenneth Njuolla is a traditional yoiker from Nesseby who grew up riding reindeer and performing his art on the snowy plains of the Finnmarksvidda of northern Norway.

*Ulla Pirttijärvi is a Sami vocalist from Northern Finland who offers a modern take on yoiking. Her music sounds like Scandinavian folk goes deep into an ambient dub electronica cave and gets recorded by Peter Gabriel.

*Ánde Somby is a traditional yoik artist and a Research Scholar in the Faculty of Law at the University of Tromsø, who yoiks persons, animals and landscapes. There are also some images from concerts and some sound samples at the page. [http://www.jus.uit.no/ansatte/somby/dajanENG.htm Ánde Somby's site]

*Although little known outside the folk metal circuit, Jonne Järvelä of the Finnish band Korpiklaani (formerly known by the name Sháman) is quite proficient at yoiking. Both of Shaman's albums were labeled as "yoik metal", drawing heavily from Sámi music. After the name-change, the band switched to a more conventional folk-metal sound. He was also featured on the Jaktens Tid album of fellow Finnish folk metal band, Finntroll.

*Angelit

*Recently, the Norwegian band Adjágas has been taking yoiking around the world.

External links

* [http://www.uit.no/ssweb/dok/Somby/Ande/95.htm Joik and the theory of knowledge] by Ánde Somby
* [http://www.fimic.fi/fimic/fimic.nsf/0/ddd24c7814224ba8c2256f0800325820?OpenDocument The Many Faces of the Yoik]
* [http://www.fimic.fi/ Finnish Music Information Center]
* [http://www.folksylinks.it/folksy_s.html Sami Folk Bands & Musicians online]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yoik — Este artículo o sección necesita una revisión de ortografía y gramática. Puedes colaborar editándolo (lee aquí sugerencias para mejorar tu ortografía). Cuando se haya corregido, borra este aviso por favor. Yoik es el nombre dado a un tipo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yoik — Joik Le joik (prononcez : «yoïk») est le chant traditionnel du peuple saami. Issus des traditions chamaniques, exécuté a cappella, parfois accompagné du tambour traditionnel, le joik est d’abord un chant à vocation spirituelle avant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yoik — Йойк (норв. joik) традиционное песнопение саамов. Особый ритм, повторения, на протяжении всей песни одних и тех же, красиво звучащих, но часто лишённых прямого смысла слов. Ссылки Анде Сомби. Йойк и теория знания …   Википедия

  • yoik — 1. noun A traditional style of Sami singing or chanting 2. verb To sing in a traditional Sami style …   Wiktionary

  • Sami people — For other uses, see Sami (disambiguation). Samis redirects here. For the Samis Foundation, see Sam Israel. Sámi Mari Boine • Lars Levi Læstadius • Lisa Thomasson • …   Wikipedia

  • Shaman (band) — Shaman was a Finnish folk metal band formed in 1993 which is notable for the heavy use of original native Sámic music elements and lyrics in Sámi. The most widely used elements are the shamanic drum, yoik and humppa. Besides yoik, the vocals vary …   Wikipedia

  • Overtone singing — Overtone singing, also known as overtone chanting, or harmonic singing, is a type of singing in which the singer manipulates the resonances (or formants) created as air travels from the lungs, past the vocal folds, and out the lips to produce a… …   Wikipedia

  • Sami music — A Nordic Sami woman playing Lur horn in the evening. A wood cut made by Emma Edwall after nature in the mid 1800 s. In traditional Sami music songs (e.g. Kvad [1] and Leudd songs [2] …   Wikipedia

  • Hedningarna — Infobox Musical artist Name = Hedningarna Img capt = Img size = Landscape = Background = group or band Alias = Origin = flagicon|SWE Swedenflagicon|FIN Finland Genre = Folk music Folk Rock Nordic Roots Revival World music Years active = 1989… …   Wikipedia

  • Adjágas — Infobox musical artist Name = Adjágas Img capt = Img size = Landscape = Background = group or band Origin = Norway Instrument = Genre = Yoik Folk Occupation = Years active = 2004–present Label = Ever Records Associated acts = URL =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”