Herbie Hancock

Herbie Hancock

Infobox Musical artist
Name = Herbie Hancock

Img_capt = Herbie Hancock at the Round House, Camden
Img_size =
Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth_name = Herbert Jeffrey Hancock
Alias =
Born = Birth date and age|1940|4|12|mf=y Chicago, Illinois, United States

Instrument = Piano, keyboards, synthesizer, electric piano, keytar, flute
Genre = Jazz fusion, jazz-funk, modal jazz, hard bop, post-bop, electro, pop rock
Occupation = Pianist, keyboardist, flutist, composer, bandleader
Years_active =
Label = Blue Note, Warner Bros., Columbia, PolyGram/Mercury, Verve
Associated_acts =
URL = [http://www.herbiehancock.com www.herbiehancock.com]
Notable_instruments =

Herbert Jeffrey Hancock ("Herbie", born April 12, 1940) is a jazz pianist and composer. He embraces elements of rock and soul while adopting freer stylistic elements from jazz.

As part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet", Hancock helped redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section, and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound. Later, he was one of the first jazz musicians to embrace synthesizers and funk. Yet for all his restless experimentalism, Hancock's music is often melodic and accessible; he has had many songs "cross over" and achieved success among pop audiences.

Hancock's best-known solo works include "Cantaloupe Island", "Watermelon Man" (later performed by dozens of musicians, including bandleader Mongo Santamaria), "Maiden Voyage", "Chameleon", and the singles "I Thought It Was You" and "Rockit". His 2007 tribute album, "" won the 2008 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, only the second jazz album to win the award.

Early life and career

Like many jazz pianists, Hancock started with a classical music education; Hancock studied from age seven. His talent was recognized early, and he played the first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 5 in D Major at a young people's concert with the Chicago Symphony at age eleven.GroveOnline|Herbie Hancock|Dobbins, Bill and Kernfeld, Barry|19 February|2007]

Through his teens, Hancock never had a jazz teacher. Instead, around high school age, Hancock grew to like jazz after hearing some Oscar Peterson and George Shearing recordings, which he transcribed on his own time, and which developed his ear and sense of harmony. He was also influenced by records of the vocal group the Hi-Lo's:

..by the time I actually heard the Hi-Lo's, I started picking that stuff out; my ear was happening. I could hear stuff and that's when I really learned some much farther-out voicings -like the harmonies I used on 'Speak Like a Child' -just being able to do that. I really got that from Clare Fischer's arrangements for the Hi-Lo's. Clare Fischer was a major influence on my harmonic concept... He and Bill Evans, and Ravel and Gil Evans, finally. You know, that's where it really came from. Almost all of the harmony that I play can be traced to one of those four people and whoever their influences were.Julie Coryell & Laura Friedman "Jazz-Rock Fusion. The People, The Music", A Delta Special 1978, ISBN 0-440-04187-2, page 161-162".]

Hancock also listened to other pianists, including Don Goldberg (also a prodigy and a Hyde Park High School classmate), McCoy Tyner, and Wynton Kelly, and studied recordings by Miles Davis, John Coltrane and Lee Morgan.

Hancock began his studies as an engineering major at Grinnell College, but switched to music after two years. He left Grinnell one course short of graduation in 1961, moved to Chicago and began working with Donald Byrd and Coleman Hawkins, during which period he also took courses at Roosevelt University. (Grinnell awarded Hancock an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1972). [The tune Dr Honoris Causa written by Joe Zawinul and performed by Cannonball Adderley's quintet is an ironic celebration of the honorary degree.] The pianist quickly earned a reputation, and played subsequent sessions with Oliver Nelson and Phil Woods. He recorded his first solo album "Takin' Off" for Blue Note Records in 1962. "Watermelon Man" (from "Takin' Off") was to provide Mongo Santamaria with a hit single, but crucially "Takin' Off" was to catch the attention of Miles Davis, who was at that time assembling a new band. Hancock was introduced to Davis by the young drummer Tony Williams, a member of the new band.

Miles Davis quintet and Blue Note

Hancock received considerable attention when, in May 1963, he joined Miles Davis' "second great quintet." This new band was essentially Miles Davis surrounded by fresh, new talent. Davis personally sought out Hancock, whom he saw as one of the most promising talents in jazz. The rhythm section Davis organized was young but effective, comprising bassist Ron Carter, seventeen year old drummer Tony Williams, and Hancock on piano. After George Coleman and Sam Rivers each taking turns at the saxophone spot, the quintet would gel with Wayne Shorter on tenor saxophone. This quintet is often regarded as one of the finest jazz ensembles, and the rhythm section has been especially praised for its innovation and flexibility.

The second great quintet was where Hancock found his own unique voice as a master of jazz piano. Not only did he find new ways to use common chords, he also popularized chords then rarely used in jazz. Hancock also developed a unique taste for "orchestral" accompaniment - using fourths and Debussy-like harmonies, with stark contrasts then unheard of in jazz.

With Williams and Carter he would weave a labyrinth of rhythmic intricacy on, around and over existing melodic and chordal schemes. In the later half of the sixties their approach would be so sophisticated and unorthodox that conventional chord changes would hardly be discernible, hence their improvisational concept would become known as "Time, No Changes."

While in the Davis band, Hancock also found time to record dozens of sessions for the Blue Note label, both under his own name and as a sideman with other musicians such as Wayne Shorter, Tony Williams, Grant Green, Bobby Hutcherson, Sam Rivers, Donald Byrd, Kenny Dorham, Hank Mobley, Lee Morgan and Freddie Hubbard.

His albums "Empyrean Isles" (1964) and "Maiden Voyage" (1965) were to be two of the most famous and influential jazz LPs of the sixties, winning praise for both their innovation and accessibility (the latter demonstrated by the subsequent enormous popularity of the "Maiden Voyage" title track as a jazz standard, and by the jazz rap group US3 having a hit single with "Cantaloop" (derived from "Cantaloupe Island" on "Empyrean Isles") some twenty five years later. "Empyrean Isles" featured the Davis rhythm section of Hancock, Carter and Williams with the addition of Freddie Hubbard on cornet, while "Maiden Voyage" also added former Davis saxophonist George Coleman (and had Freddie Hubbard on trumpet). Both albums are regarded as among the principal foundations of the post-bop style. Hancock also recorded several less-well-known but still critically acclaimed albums with larger ensembles — "My Point of View" (1963), "Speak Like a Child" (1968) and "The Prisoner" (1969) featured flugelhorn, alto flute and bass trombone. 1963's "Inventions and Dimensions" was an album of almost entirely improvised music, teaming Hancock with bassist Paul Chambers and two Latin percussionists, Willie Bobo and Osvaldo Martinez.

During this period, Hancock also composed the score to Michelangelo Antonioni's film "Blowup" which was to be the first of many soundtracks he would record in his career.

Davis had begun incorporating elements of rock and popular music into his recordings by the end of Hancock's tenure with the band. Despite some initial reluctance, Hancock began doubling on electric keyboards including the Fender Rhodes electric piano at Davis's insistence. Hancock adapted quickly to the new instruments, which proved to be instrumental in his future artistic endeavors.

In the summer of 1968, Hancock left Davis's band to form his own sextet, although he was formally kicked out under the pretext that he was late coming back from a honeymoon in Brazil. Davis would soon disband his quartet to search for a new sound himself. Despite his departure from the working band, Hancock would continue to appear on Miles Davis records for the next few years; noteworthy appearances include "In a Silent Way", "A Tribute to Jack Johnson" and "On the Corner".

"Fat Albert" and "Mwandishi"

Hancock left Blue Note in 1969, signing up with Warner Bros. Records. In 1969, Hancock composed the soundtrack for the Bill Cosby TV show "Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids". Titled "Fat Albert Rotunda", the album was mainly an R&B-influenced album with strong jazz overtones. One of the jazzier songs on the record, "Tell Me A Bedtime Story", was later re-worked as a more electronic sounding song for the Quincy Jones album, "Sounds...and Stuff Like That."

Hancock was fascinated with accumulating musical gadgets and toys. Together with the profound influence of Davis's "Bitches Brew," this fascination would culminate in a series of albums in which electronic instruments are coupled with acoustic instruments.

Hancock's first ventures into electronic music started with a sextet comprising Hancock, bassist Buster Williams and drummer Billy Hart, and a trio of adventurous horn players: Eddie Henderson (trumpet), Julian Priester (trombone), and multireedist Bennie Maupin. Dr. Patrick Gleeson was eventually added to the mix to play and program the synthesizers. In fact, Hancock was one of the first jazz pianists to completely embrace electronic keyboards.

The sextet, later a septet with the addition of Gleeson, made three experimental albums under Hancock's name: "Mwandishi" (1971), "Crossings" (1972) (both on Warner Bros. Records), and "Sextant" (1973) (released on Columbia Records); two more, " Realization" and "Inside Out," were recorded under Henderson's name with essentially the same personnel. The music often had very free improvisations and showed influence from the electronic music of some contemporary classical composers.

Synthesizer player Patrick Gleeson, one of the first musicians to play synthesizer on any jazz recording, introduced the instrument on "Crossings," released in 1972, one of a handful of influential electronic jazz/fusion recordings to feature synthesizer that same year. On "Crossings" (as well as on "I Sing the Body Electric"), the synthesizer is used more as an improvisatory global orchestration device than as a strictly melodic instrument. This reflected Gleeson's (and Powell's) interest in contemporary European electronic music techniques and in the West Coast synthesis techniques of Morton Subotnik and other contemporaries, several of whom were resident at one time or another, as was Gleeson, at The Mills College Tape Music Center. An early review of "Crossings" in Downbeat magazine complained about the synthesizer, but a few years later the magazine noted in a cover story on Gleeson that he was "a pioneer" in the field of electronics in jazz. Gleeson used a modular Moog III for the recording of the album, but used an ARP 2600 synthesizer, and occasionally an Arp Soloist for the group's live performances. On "Sextant" Gleeson used the more compact ARP synthesizers instead of the larger Moog III for both studio and live performances. In the albums following "The Crossings", Hancock started to play synth himself and unlike Gleeson, he plays it as a melodical and rhythm instrument just like electric pianos.

Hancock's three records released in 1971-1973 became later known as the "Mwandishi" albums, so-called after a Swahili name Hancock sometimes used during this era ("Mwandishi" is Swahili for "writer"). The first two, including "Fat Albert Rotunda" were made available on the 2-CD set "Mwandishi: the Complete Warner Bros. Recordings", released in 1994, but are now sold as individual CD editions. Of the three electronic albums, "Sextant" is probably the most experimental since the Arp synthesizers are used extensively, and some advanced improvisation ("post-modal free impressionism") is found on the tracks "Hornets" and "Hidden Shadows" (which is in the meter 19/4). "Hornets" was later revised on the 2001 album "Future2Future" as "Virtual Hornets."

Among the instruments Hancock and Gleeson used were Fender Rhodes piano, ARP Odyssey, ARP 2600, ARP Pro Soloist Synthesizer, a Mellotron and the Moog III.

All three Warner Bros. albums "Fat Albert Rotunda," "Mwandishi," and "Crossings," were remastered in 2001 and released in Europe but were not released in the U.S.A. as of June 2005. In the Winter of 2006-2007 a remastered edition of Crossings was announced and scheduled for release in the Spring.

Head Hunters and Death Wish

:"See also: The Headhunters"

After the sometimes "airy" and decidedly experimental "Mwandishi" albums, Hancock was eager to perform more "earthy" and "funky" music. The "Mwandishi" albums — though these days seen as respected early fusion recordings — had seen mixed reviews and poor sales, so it is probable that Hancock was motivated by financial concerns as well as artistic restlessness. Hancock was also bothered by the fact that many people did not understand avant-garde music. He explained that he loved funk music, especially Sly Stone's music, so he wanted to try to make funk himself.

He gathered a new band, which he called The Headhunters, keeping only Maupin from the sextet and adding bassist Paul Jackson, percussionist Bill Summers, and drummer Harvey Mason. The album "Head Hunters", released in 1973, was a major hit and crossed over to pop audiences, though it prompted criticism from some jazz fans. Head Hunters was recorded at Different Fur studios.

Despite charges of "selling out", later ears have regarded the album well: "Head Hunters" still sounds fresh and vital three decades after its initial release, and its genre-bending proved vastly influential on not only jazz, but funk, soul, and hip-hop." [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:3y61mped9f5o~T1 Allmusic.com entry]

Mason was replaced by Mike Clark, and the band released a second album, "Thrust," the following year. (A live album from a Japan performance, consisting of compositions from those first two "Head Hunters" releases was released in 1975 as "Flood". The record has since been released on CD in Japan.) This was almost as well-received as its predecessor, if not attaining the same level of commercial success. The Headhunters made another successful album (called "Survival of the Fittest") without Hancock, while Hancock himself started to make even more commercial albums, often featuring members of the band, but no longer billed as The Headhunters. The Headhunters reunited with Hancock in 1998 for "Return of the Headhunters," and a version of the band (featuring Jackson and Clark) continues to play live and record.

In 1973, Hancock composed his second masterful soundtrack to the controversial film "The Spook Who Sat By The Door". Then in 1974, Hancock also composed the soundtrack to the first "Death Wish" film. One of his memorable songs, "Joanna's Theme", would later be re-recorded in 1997 on his duet album with Wayne Shorter "1 + 1".

Hancock's next jazz-funk albums of the 1970s were "Man-Child" (1975), and "Secrets" (1976), which point toward the more commercial direction Hancock would take over the next decade. These albums feature the members of the 'Headhunters' band, but also a variety of other musicians in important roles.

Back to the Basics: VSOP and the Future Shock

During late 1970s and early 1980s, Hancock toured with his "V.S.O.P." quintet, which featured all the members of the 1960s Miles Davis quintet except Davis, who was replaced by trumpet giant Freddie Hubbard. There was constant speculation that one day Davis would reunite with his classic band, but he never did so. VSOP recorded several live albums in the late 1970s, including "VSOP" (1976), and "" (1977).

In 1978, Hancock recorded a duet with Chick Corea, who had replaced him in the Miles Davis band a decade earlier. He also released a solo acoustic piano album titled "The Piano" (1978), which, like so many Hancock albums at the time, was initially released only in Japan. (It was finally released in the US in 2004.) Several other Japan-only releases have yet to surface in the US, such as "Dedication" (1974), ' (1977), and "Direct Step" (1978). ' was a VSOP album remastered for the US in 2004, and included an entire second concert from the July 1979 tour.

From 1978-1982, Hancock recorded many albums consisting of jazz-inflected disco and pop music, beginning with "Sunlight" (featuring guest musicians like Tony Williams and Jaco Pastorius on the last track) (1978). Singing through a vocoder, he earned a British hit, "I Thought It Was You", although critics were unimpressed. [http://www.warr.org/hancock.html] . This led to more vocoder on the 1979 follow-up, "Feets, Don't Fail Me Now," which gave him another UK hit in "You Bet Your Love." Albums such as "Monster" (1980), "Magic Windows" (1981), and "Lite Me Up" (1982) were some of Hancock's most criticized and unwelcomed albums, the market at the time being somewhat saturated with similar pop-jazz hybrids from the likes of former bandmate Freddie Hubbard. Hancock himself had quite a limited role in some of those albums, leaving singing, composing and even producing to others. "Mr. Hands" (1980) is perhaps the one album during this period that was critically acclaimed. To the delight of many fans, there were no vocals on the album, and one track featured Jaco Pastorius on bass. The album contains a wide variety of different styles, including a disco instrumental song, a Latin-jazz number and an electronic piece in which Hancock plays alone with the help of computers.

Hancock also found time to record more traditional jazz whilst creating more commercially-oriented music. He toured with Tony Williams and Ron Carter in 1981, recording "Herbie Hancock Trio", a five-track live album released only in Japan. A month later, he recorded "Quartet" with Wynton Marsalis, released in the US the following year.

In 1983, Hancock had a mainstream hit with the Grammy-award winning instrumental single "Rockit" from the album "Future Shock". It was perhaps the first mainstream single to feature scratching, and also featured an innovative animated music video which was directed by Godley and Creme and showed several robot-like artworks by Jim Whiting. The video was a hit on MTV. The video won 5 different categories at the inaugural MTV Video Music Awards, including the category for Video Of The Year. This single ushered in a collaboration with noted bassist and producer Bill Laswell. Hancock experimented with electronic music on a string of three LPs produced by Laswell: "Future Shock" (1983), "Sound-System" (1984) and "Perfect Machine" (1988). Despite the success of "Rockit", Hancock's trio of Laswell-produced albums (particularly the latter two) are among the most critically derided of his entire career, perhaps even more so than his erstwhile pop-jazz experiments. Hancock's level of actual contribution to these albums was also questioned, with some critics contending that the Laswell albums should have been labelled "Bill Laswell featuring Herbie Hancock."

During this period, he appeared onstage at the Grammy awards with Stevie Wonder, Howard Jones, and Thomas Dolby, in a famous synthesizer jam. Lesser known works from the 80s are the live album "Jazz Africa" and the studio album "Village Life" (1984) which were recorded with Gambian kora player Foday Musa Suso. [http://www.pandora.com/music/artist/3feb50074a703d1a] Also, in 1985 he performed as a guest on the album So Red The Rose by the Duran Duran shoot off group Arcadia. He also provided introductory and closing comments for the PBS rebroadcast in the United States of the BBC educational series from the mid-1980s, "Rock School" (not to be confused with the most recent "Gene Simmons' Rock School" series).

In 1986, Hancock performed and acted in the film "'Round Midnight". He also wrote the score/soundtrack, for which he won an Academy Award for Original Music Score. Often he would write music for TV commercials. "Maiden Voyage", in fact, started out as a cologne advertisement. At the end of the "Perfect Machine" tour, Hancock decided to leave Columbia Records after a 15-plus-year relationship.

As of June 2005, almost half of his Columbia recordings have been remastered. The first three US releases, "Sextant", "Head Hunters" and "Thrust" as well as the last four releases "Future Shock", "Sound-System", the soundtrack to "Round Midnight" and "Perfect Machine". Everything released in America from "Man-Child" to "Quartet" has yet to be remastered. Some albums, made and initially released in the US, were remastered between 1999 and 2001 in other countries such as "Magic Windows" and "Monster". Hancock also re-released some of his Japan-only releases in the West, such as "The Piano."

1990s and later

After leaving Columbia, Hancock took a break. In 1991, three years after "Perfect Machine" was released, his mentor Miles Davis, died. Along with friends Ron Carter, Tony Williams, Wayne Shorter, and Davis admirer Wallace Roney, they recorded "A Tribute to Miles" which was released in 1994. The album contained two live recordings and studio recording classics with Roney playing Davis's part as trumpet player. The album won a Grammy for best group album. He also toured with Jack DeJohnette, Dave Holland and Pat Metheny in 1990 on their Parallel Realities tour, which included a memorable performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in July 1990.

Hancock's next album, "Dis Is Da Drum" released in 1994 saw him return to Acid Jazz. 1995's "The New Standard" found him and an all-star band including John Scofield, Jack DeJohnette and Michael Brecker interpreting pop songs by Nirvana, Stevie Wonder, The Beatles, Prince, Peter Gabriel and others. A 1997 duet album with Wayne Shorter titled "1 + 1" was successful, the song "Aung San Suu Kyi" winning the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition, and Hancock also achieved great success in 1998 with his album "Gershwin's World" which featured inventive readings of George & Ira Gershwin standards by Hancock and a plethora of guest stars including Stevie Wonder, Joni Mitchell and Shorter.

In 2001, Hancock recorded "Future2Future", which reunited Hancock with Bill Laswell and featured doses of electronica as well as turntablist Rob Swift of The X-Ecutioners. Hancock later toured with the band, and released a live concert DVD with a different lineup which also included the "Rockit" music video. Also in 2001, Hancock partnered with Michael Brecker and Roy Hargrove to record a live concert album saluting Davis and John Coltrane called "" recorded live in Toronto. The threesome then toured together, and have toured on and off through 2005.

2005 saw the release of a duet album called "Possibilities". It features duets with Carlos Santana, Paul Simon, Annie Lennox, John Mayer, Christina Aguilera, Sting and others. In 2006, "Possibilities" was nominated for Grammy awards in two categories: "A Song For You", featuring Christina Aguilera was nominated in the Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals category, and "Gelo No Montanha", featuring Trey Anastasio on guitar was nominated in the Best Pop Instrumental Performance category. Neither nomination resulted in an award.

Also in 2005, Hancock toured Europe with a new quartet that included Beninese guitarist Lionel Loueke, and explored textures ranging from ambient to straight jazz to African music. Plus, during the Summer of 2005, Hancock re-staffed the famous Head Hunters and went on tour with them, including a performance at The Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival.

However, this lineup did not consist of any of the original Headhunters musicians. The group included Marcus Miller, Terri Lyne Carrington, Lionel Loueke and John Mayer. Hancock also served as the first artist in residence for Bonnaroo that summer.

Also in 2006, Sony BMG Music Entertainment (which bought out Hancock's old label, Columbia Records) released the two-disc retrospective "The Essential Herbie Hancock". This two-disc set is the first compilation of Herbie's work at Warner Bros. Records, Blue Note Records, Columbia and at Verve/Polygram. This became Hancock's second major compilation of work since the 2002 Columbia-only "The Herbie Hancock Box" which was released at first in a plastic 4x4 cube then re-released in 2004 in a long box set. Hancock also in 2006, recorded a new song with Josh Groban and Eric Mouquet (co-founder of Deep Forest) titled "Machine". It is featured on Josh Groban's CD "Awake." Hancock also recorded and improvised with guitarist Lionel Loueke on Loueke's debut album [http://www.obliqsound.com/releases/virgin_forest.html Virgin Forest] on the ObliqSound label in 2006, resulting in two improvisational tracks "Le Réveil des Agneaux (The Awakening of the Lambs)" and "La Poursuite du lion (The Lion's Pursuit)".

Hancock, a longtime associate and friend of Joni Mitchell released a 2007 album, "," that paid tribute to her work. Norah Jones and Tina Turner recorded vocals, [cite web | url=http://www.cbc.ca/arts/music/hancock.html |title=Key figure: An interview with jazz legend Herbie Hancock|author=Andre Mayer | date=June 18, 2007 | accessdate=2007-09-11] as did Corinne Bailey Rae, and Leonard Cohen contributed a spoken piece set to Hancock's piano. Mitchell herself also made an appearance. The album was released on September 25, simultaneously with the release of Mitchell's album "Shine". [ [http://www.jonimitchell.com/news/index.cfm JoniMitchell.com ] ] "River" was nominated for and won the 2008 Album of the Year Grammy Award, only the second jazz album ever to receive either honor. The album also won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Jazz Album, and the song "Both Sides Now" was nominated for Best Instrumental Jazz Solo.

Recently Hancock performed at the Shriner's Children's Hospital Charity Fundraiser with Sheila E, Jim Brickman, Kirk Whalum and Wendy Alane Wright.


As a leader

# "Takin' Off" (1962) – Blue Note
# "My Point of View" (1963) – Blue Note
# "Inventions and Dimensions" (1963) – Blue Note
# "Empyrean Isles" (1964) – Blue Note
# "Maiden Voyage" (1965) – Blue Note
# "Blow-Up" (Soundtrack) (1966) – MGM
# "Speak Like a Child" (1968) – Blue Note
# "The Prisoner" (1969) – Blue Note
# "Fat Albert Rotunda" (1969) – Warner Bros.
# "Mwandishi" (1970) – Warner Bros.
# "Crossings" (1972) – Warner Bros.
# "Sextant" (1973) – Columbia
# "Head Hunters" (1973) – Columbia
# "The Spook Who Sat by the Door" (Soundtrack) (1973)
# "Thrust" (1974) – Columbia
# "Death Wish" (Soundtrack) (1974) – Columbia
# "Dedication" (1974) – Columbia
# "Man-Child" (1975) – Columbia
# "Flood" (1975) – Columbia – live album only released in Japan
# "Secrets" (1976) – Columbia
# "VSOP" (1976) – Columbia
# "" (1977) – Columbia
# "" (1977) – Columbia
# "Sunlight" (1977) – Columbia
# "Direct Step" (1978) – Columbia
# "" (1978) – Columbia
# "The Piano" (1979) – Columbia
# "Feets, Don't Fail Me Now" (1979) – Columbia
# "" (1979) – Columbia
# "Monster" (1980) – Columbia
# "Mr. Hands" (1980) – Columbia
# "Herbie Hancock Trio" (1981) – Columbia
# "Magic Windows" (1981) – Columbia
# "Lite Me Up" (1982) – Columbia
# "Quartet" (1982) – Columbia
# "Future Shock" (1983) – Columbia
# "Sound-System" (1984) – Columbia
# "Village Life" (1985) - Columbia (with Foday Musa Suso)
# "Round Midnight" (Soundtrack) (1986) – Columbia
# "Perfect Machine" (1988) – Columbia
# "A Tribute to Miles" (1994) – Qwest/Warner Bros. (with Wallace Roney, Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter and Tony Williams)
# "Dis Is Da Drum" (1994) – Verve/Mercury
# "The New Standard" (1995) – Verve
# "1 + 1" (1997) – Verve (with Wayne Shorter)
# "Gershwin's World" (1998) – Verve
# "Mr. Funk" (2001) - Columbia
# "Future2Future" (2001) – Transparent
# "" (2002) – Verve
# "Possibilities" (2005) – Concord/Hear Music
# "The Essential Herbie Hancock" (2006) – Columbia/Sony BMG
# "" (2007) – Verve

There are also these albums: Cantaloupe Island (CDP724382933120), Jazz To Funk (AI432) & Piano Genius (QED076)

As a sideman

To Miles Davis:

* "Seven Steps to Heaven" (1963) – Columbia (on portions of album)
* "E.S.P." (1965) – Columbia
* "Miles Smiles" (1966) – Columbia
* "Sorcerer" (1967) – Columbia
* "Nefertiti" (1967) – Columbia
* "Miles in the Sky" (1968) – Columbia
* "Filles de Kilimanjaro" (1968) – Columbia
* "In a Silent Way" (1969) – Columbia
* "A Tribute to Jack Johnson" (1970) – Columbia
* "On the Corner" (1972) – Columbia
* "Big Fun (album)" (1974) - Columbia (on portions of album)
* "Get Up with It" (1974) - Columbia (on portions of album)
* "Water Babies" (1976) (recorded in 1968) - Columbia

To Donald Byrd:

* "Royal Flush" (1961) - Blue Note
* "Free Form" (1961) - Blue Note
* "A New Perspective" (1963) - Blue Note

To Bobby Hutcherson:

* "Components" (1965) - Blue Note
* "Happenings" (1966) - Blue Note
* "Oblique" (1979 Japan Only) - Blue Note

To Jackie McLean:

* "It's Time" (1964) - Blue Note

To Freddie Hubbard:

* "Hub-Tones" (1962) - Blue Note

To Sam Rivers:

* "Contours" (1965) - Blue Note

To Grant Green:

* "Feelin' the Spirit (1962) - Blue Note

To Lee Morgan:

* "Search for the New Land" (1964) - Blue Note
* "Cornbread": (1965) - Blue Note
* "The Procrastinator" (1967) - Blue Note

To Kenny Dorham:

* "Una Mas" (1963) - Blue Note

To Joe Henderson:

* "Power to the People" (Milestone 1969)
* "" (1994)

To Joni Mitchell:

* Travelogue (2002) - Nonesuch records

To Hank Mobley:

* "No Room For Squares" (1963) - Blue Note

To Milt Jackson:

* "Sunflower" (1972) – CTI/Columbia

To Wayne Shorter:

* "Speak No Evil" (1964) - Blue Note
* "Adam's Apple" (1966) - Blue Note
* "Schizophrenia" (1967) - Blue Note
* "Native Dancer" (1974) – Columbia
* "Et Cetera" (1995) - Blue Note

To Grachan Moncur III:

* "Some Other Stuff" (1964) - Blue Note

To Tony Williams:

* "Lifetime" (1964) - Blue Note
* "The Joy of Flying" (1979) – Columbia

To Ron Carter:

* "Third Plane" (1996) – Columbia

To Terry Plumeri

* "He Who Lives In Many Places" (1971) – (original- Airborne) (re-released in 2007- GMMC)

To/With Quincy Jones:

* "Sounds...and Stuff Like That" (1978) – A&M

To/With Quincy Jones and Lesley Gore:

* "Love Me By Name" (1975) - A&M

To Stevie Wonder:

* "Songs in the Key of Life" (1976) - Motown

To Jaco Pastorius:

* "Jaco Pastorius" (1976) - Epic/Legacy (Sony Music)

To Jack DeJohnette:

* "Parallel Realities" (1990, with Pat Metheny and Dave Holland) - MCA

To Miroslav Vitous:

* "Magical Shepherd" (1976) - Warner

To/With Simple Minds:

* "Synthesizer solo on 'New Gold Dream', track: 'Hunter And The Hunted

To/With Marcus Miller:

* "" (2001), plays piano on two tracks (including a solo on "Goodbye Pork Pie Hat")

To/With Lionel Loueke:

* " [http://www.obliqsound.com/releases/virgin_forest.html Virgin Forest] (2006) - ObliqSound - "Improvisational duets with [Lionel Loueke] on two tracks: Le Réveil des Agneaux (The Awakening of the Lambs) and La poursuite du Lion (The Lion's Pursuit)""


Academy Awards

* 1986, Original Soundtrack, for "Round Midnight"

Grammy Awards

# 1983, Best R&B Instrumental Performance, for "Rockit"
# 1984, Best R&B Instrumental Performance, for "Sound-System"
# 1987, Best Instrumental Composition, for "Call Sheet Blues"
# 1994, Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual Or Group, for "A Tribute to Miles"
# 1996, Best Instrumental Composition, for "Manhattan (Island Of Lights And Love)"
# 1998, Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s), for "St. Louis Blues"
# 1998, Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual Or Group, for "Gershwin's World"
# 2002, Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group, for ""
# 2002, Best Jazz Instrumental Solo, for "My Ship"
# 2004, Best Jazz Instrumental Solo, for "Speak Like a Child"
# 2008, Best Contemporary Jazz Album, for ""
# 2008, Album of the Year, for ""

Playboy Music Poll

* Best Jazz Group, 1985
* Best Jazz Keyboards, 1985
* Best Jazz Album - Rockit, 1985
* Best Jazz Keyboards, 1986
* Best R&B Instrumentalist, 1987
* Best Jazz Instrumentalist, 1988

Keyboard Magazine's Readers Poll

*Best Jazz & Pop Keyboardist, 1983
*Best Jazz Pianist, 1987
*Best Jazz Keyboardist, 1987
*Best Jazz Pianist, 1988

Other notable awards

* MTV Awards (5 awards in total) - Best Concept Video - "Rockit", 1983-84
* Gold Note Jazz Awards - NY Chapter of the National Black MBA Association, 1985
*French Award Officer of the Order of Arts & Letters-Paris, 1985
*BMI Film Music Award "Round Midnight", 1986
*U.S. Radio Award "Best Original Music Scoring - Thom McAnn Shoes", 1986
*Los Angeles Film Critics Association "Best Score - Round Midnight", 1986
*BMI Film Music Award "Colors", 1989
*Soul Train Music Award "Best Jazz Album - The New Standard", 1997
*Festival International Jazz de Montreal Prix Miles Davis, 1997
*VH1's 100 Greatest Videos "Rockit" is "10th Greatest Video", 2001
*NEA Jazz Masters Award, 2004
*Downbeat Magazine Readers Poll Hall of Fame, 2005
*Album of the Year, 2007
*Harvard Foundation Artist of the Year, 2008 [ [http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2008/02.28/99-culturalrhythms.html Hancock named Harvard Foundation Artist of the Year — The Harvard University Gazette ] ]


External links

* [http://www.herbiehancock.com/ Official website of Herbie Hancock]
* [http://www.myspace.com/herbiehancock Official Herbie Hancock MySpace page]
* [http://vervemusicgroup.com/artist.aspx?ob=pri&src=wiki&aid=2846 Herbie Hancock at Verve Records]
* [http://vervemusicgroup.com/product.aspx?ob=n&src=art&pid=11770 River:The Joni Letters at Verve Records]
* [http://www.herbiehancock.com/music/ Possibilities] Herbie Hancock
* [http://www.stamil.homepage.t-online.de/hhdisco.htm Discography] Herbie Hancock Discography
* [http://applematters.com/index.php/section/comments/the_applematters_interview_herbie_hancock/ Interview with Herbie Hancock] on music and technology from [http://www.applematters.com AppleMatters]
* [http://www.livedaily.com/interviews/liveDaily_Interview_Herbie_Hancock-8360.html Interview with Herbie Hancock] on the "Possibilities" album release from [http://www.livedaily.com/ LiveDaily]
* [http://www.jambase.com/headsup.asp?storyID=11098&disp=all Herbie Hancock: Outside The Comfort Zone] Herbie Hancock interview from [http://www.jambase.com/ JamBase]
* [http://www.jazz.com/dozens/the-dozens-twelve-essential-herbie-hancock-performances "Herbie Hancock: Essential Recordings"] by Ted Gioia ( [http://www.jazz.com www.jazz.com] )

NAME= Hancock, Herbie
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Hancock, Herbert Jeffrey
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Pianist, composer, and bandleader
DATE OF BIRTH=April 12, 1940
PLACE OF BIRTH=Chicago, Illinois, United States

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