- Queen Mary, University of London
name = Queen Mary, University of London
established = 1123 (Medical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital)
1785 (London Hospital Medical College)
1843 (Medical College of St Bartholomew's Hospital)
1882 (Westfield College)
1885 (Queen Mary College)
1989 (merger of Queen Mary & Westfield)
1995 (medical schools merge with QMW)
motto = Coniunctis Viribus"With United Powers"
type = Public
endowment = £33 million cite web |url=http://www.finance.qmul.ac.uk/docs/Financial%20statement.pdf |title=Financial Statements 2004-2005 |work=Queen Mary, University of London |accessdate=2006-11-18]
campus = Urban
principal = Professor Adrian Smith
students = 11,625 cite web |url=http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php/component/option,com_datatables/task,show_file/defs,0/Itemid,121/catdex,3/disp,institution0506.htm/dld,institution0506.xls/yrStr,2005+to+2006/dfile,studefs0506.htm/area,institution/mx,0/ |title=Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2005/06 |work=
Higher Education Statistics Agencyonline statistics |accessdate=2007-09-24]
undergrad = 8,570
postgrad = 3,055
University of London Association of Commonwealth Universities 1994 Group
website = http://www.qmul.ac.uk/
nobel_laureates = 3 [cite web | url = http://www.qmul.ac.uk/alumni/alumninetwork/notablealumni/index.html | title = Queen Mary, University of London Notable Alumni and Staff | accessdate = 2007-09-23]
Queen Mary, University of London (known as Queen Mary and Westfield College until 2000, and still officially named as such in its charter) is the third largest college of the
University of London. It is organised into four faculties: Arts; Engineering and Mathematical Sciences; Law and Social Sciences; and Natural Sciences, in addition to Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.
The College is a research university, with over 80% of research staff working in departments where research is of international or national excellence (RAE 2001). It has a strong international reputation, with 24 per cent of students coming from over 100 countries. [ [http://student.independent.co.uk/into_university/az_uni_colleges/article2807315.ece Queen Mary, University of London - A-Z Unis & Colleges , Getting Into University - Independent.co.uk ] ] [ [http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/europe/uk/website/education/university/queen-mary-university-london/ Queen Mary College ] ] cite web |url=http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php/component/option,com_datatables/task,show_file/defs,0/Itemid,121/catdex,3/disp,institution0506.htm/dld,institution0506.xls/yrStr,2005+to+2006/dfile,studefs0506.htm/area,institution/mx,0/ |title=Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2005/06 |work=
Higher Education Statistics Agencyonline statistics |accessdate=2007-09-24There are 8855 home students (1560 postgraduates, 7295 undergraduates), 715 European Unionstudents (380 postgraduates, 335 undergraduates) and 2055 students from outside the EU (1115 postgraduates, 940 undergraduates).] Queen Mary incorporates several leading international research units such as the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, the Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials, as well as many centres for medical and dental teaching and research. In particular the University is very highly rated for Law, Medicine and Dentistry. Queen Mary is known for student employability: " The Sunday Times" ranked it second highest in the UK for graduate starting salaries after the London School of Economics.
Queen Mary's origins are in the mergers over the years of four older colleges: Queen Mary College,
Westfield College, St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical Collegeand the London Hospital Medical College. In 1989 Queen Mary merged with Westfield College to form Queen Mary & Westfield College. Although teaching had begun at the London Hospital Medical College in 1785, it did not become part of Queen Mary until 1995. In that year the two medical schools merged together and into Queen Mary & Westfield College to form the School of Medicine and Dentistry, although to a large extent a separate Barts and The London identity has been maintained. In 2000, the college adopted the present title of Queen Mary, University of London for day to day purposes, although the official name in the charter has not been changed.
Queen Mary College
The origins of Queen Mary College began in the mid
Victorian erawhen growing awareness of conditions in London's East Endled to drives to provide facilities for local inhabitants, popularised in the 1882 novel "All Sorts of Conditions of Men - An Impossible Story" by Walter Besant, which told of how a rich and clever couple from Mayfairwent to the East End to build a "Palace of Delight, with concert halls, reading rooms, picture galleries, art and designing schools."G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 15-17 ISBN 0-902238-06-X] Although not directly responsible for the conception of the People's Palace, the novel did much to popularise it.
The trustees of the Beaumont Trust, administering funds left by
Barber Beaumont, purchased the site of the former Bancroft's School from the Drapers' Company. On May 20 1885the Drapers' Court of Assistants resolved to grant £20,000 "for the provision of the technical schools of the People's Palace."G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) page 21 ISBN 0-902238-06-X] The foundation stone was laid on June 28 1886and on May 14 1887Queen Victoria opened the palace's Queen's Hall as well as laying the foundation stone for the technical schools in the palace's east wing.
The technical schools were opened on
October 5 1888, with the entire palace completed by 1892. When opening them, the Master of the Drapers' Company declared their aims to be "to improve the scientific and technical knowledge of apprentices and workmen engaged in industrial life". However others saw the technical schools as one day becoming a technical university for the East End.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) page 37 ISBN 0-902238-06-X] The conflicting demands of pleasure and education were identified by the Assistant Charity Commissioner as early as 1891 and for the next forty years this was to dog the People's Palace. In 1892 the Drapers' Company provided £7000 a year for ten years to guarantee the educational side income.
Into the University of London
The classes reached a peak of 8000 tickets in 1892–1893 but fell to less than half for the following year, due to competition from the London School Board, despite the Palace's classes being more advanced. With the level of teaching grew, in 1895 John Hatton, Director of Evening Classes (1892–1896; later Director of Studies 1896–1908 and Principal 1908–1933) proposed introducing a course of study leading to the
University of London(then a degree awarding body) Bachelor of Sciencedegree. By the turn of the century the first degrees were awarded and Hatton, along with several other Professors, were recognised as Teachers of the University of London. In 1906 an application for Parliamentary funds "for the aid of Educational Institutions engaged in work of a University nature", led to the College being told it was "of the highest importance that there should be a School of the University in the faculties of Arts, Science and Engineering within easy reach of the very large population of the East End of London." The educational part of the People's Palace was admitted on an initial three year trial basis as a School of the University of London on May 15 1907as "East London College". In 1910 the College's status in the University was extended for a further five years, with unlimited membership achieved in May 1915. During this period the organisation of the governors of the People's Palace was rearranged, creating the separate People's Palace Committee and East London College Committee, both under the Palace Governors, as a sign of the growing separation of the two concepts within a single complex.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 39-48 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
During the First World War the College admitted students from the
London Hospital Medical Collegewho were preparing for the preliminary medical examination, the first step in a long process that would eventually bring the two institutions together. After the war, the College grew, albeit constrained by the rest of the People's Palace to the west and a burial ground immediately to the east. In 1920 it obtained both the Palace's Rotunda (now the Octagon) and rooms under the winter gardens at the west of the palace, which became chemical laboratories. The College's status was also unique, being the only School of the University of London that was subject to both the Charity Commissioners and the Board of Education. In April 1929 the College Council decided it would take the steps towards applying to the Privy Councilfor a Royal Charter, but on the advice of the Drapers' Company first devised a scheme for development and expansion, which recommended amongst other things to reamalgamate the People's Palace and the College, with guaranteed provision of the Queen's Hall for recreational purposes, offering at least freedom of governance if not in space.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 49-57 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
In the early hours of
February 25 1931a fire destroyed the Queen's Hall, though both the College and the winter gardens escaped. In the coming days discussions on reconstruction led to the proposal that the entire site be transferred to the College which would then apply for a Charter alone. The Drapers' Company obtained St Helen's Terrace, a row of six houses neighbouring the site, and in July 1931 it was agreed to give these over to the People's Palace for a new site adjacent to the old, which would now become entirely the domain of the College. Separation was now achieved. The Charter was now pursued, but the Academic Board asked for a name change, feeling that "East London" carried unfortunate associations that would hinder the College and its graduates. With the initial proposed name, "Queen's College", having already been taken by another institution and "Victoria College" felt to be unoriginal, "Queen Mary College" was settled on. The Charter of Incorporation was presented on December 12 1934by Queen Mary herself.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 57-62 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
Under the Charter
During the Second World War the College was evacuated to
Cambridge, where it shared with King's College. Meanwhile the Mile End site was requisitioned for war work and was for a time used as the Municipal Offices of Stepney Borough Council. After the war the College returned to London, facing many of the same problems but with prospects for westward expansion.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 75-85 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
The East End had suffered considerable bomb damage (although the College itself had incurred little) and consequently several areas of land near to the College site now became vacant. The former church of St Benets' to the immediate east of the College was now defunct and was demolished in 1950, with the space used to build a new block for
physics, but most of the acquisitions in the immediate post war years were to the west of the college. Even the new People's Palace was no longer able to meet its needs and it was acquired by the College along with several pieces of land that together formed a significant continuous stretch along the Mile End Road. New buildings for engineering, biology and chemistry were built on the new sites, whilst the arts took over the space vacated in the original building, now renamed the Queens' Building (to reflect the support and patronage of both Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother).
Limited accommodation resulted in the acquisition of further land in
South Woodford(now directly connected to Mile End tube stationby means of the Central Line's eastward extension), upon which tower blocks were established. Consequently, student numbers continued to expand. The College also obtained the Co-operative Wholesale Society's clothing factory on the Mile End Road which was converted into a building for the Faculty of Laws (and some other teaching), despite being physically separated from what was now a campus to the west. G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 86-102 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
From the mid 1960s until the mid 1980s the College was in a period of uncertainty and flux. Much planning was dominated by the "BLQ scheme" which proposed to link Queen Mary College with the
London Hospital Medical Collegeand St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical Collegewith a joint facility in Mile End, but the land was not yet available. Over the period land that come onto the market was purchased with the intention to consolidate as soon as possible. The Queen Mary College Act 1973 was passed "to authorise the disposal of the Nuevo burial ground in the London Borough of Tower Hamletsand to authorise the use for other purposes thereof..." and gave the authority to disinter and reinter most of the graves to Dytchleys. A further link with both The London and St. Bartholomew's was made in 1974 when an anonymous donor provided for the establishment of a further hall of residence in Woodford, to be divided equally between Queen Mary College students and the two medical colleges.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 103-117 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
At the start of the 1980s changing demographics and finances caused much concern through the university sector and led to a reorganisation of the
University of London. At Queen Mary some subjects, such as Russian and Classicswere discontinued, whilst the College became one of five in the University with a concentration of laboratory sciences, including the transfer of science departments from Westfield College, Chelsea College, Queen Elizabeth Collegeand Bedford College.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 117-130 ISBN 0-902238-06-X]
From the mid 1980s onwards the College began expanding across the newly acquired land to the east, taking the campus to the
Regent's Canal. A part of the burial ground remains to this day but the rest of the area has been absorbed by the College's expansion. The long planned Pre Clinical Medicine building for the BLQ Scheme finally materialised in the late 1980s, further strengthening the ties between the three colleges.G. P. Moss and M. V. Saville "From Palace to College - An illustrated account of Queen Mary College (University of London)" (1985) pages 131-146 ISBN 0-902238-06-X] In 2007 parts of the School of Law — postgraduate facilities and the Centre for Commercial Law Studies— moved to premises in Lincoln's Inn Fieldsin central London.
Queen Mary & Westfield College
Continued uncertainty about the future of Westfield College led to its merger with Queen Mary in 1989 to form Queen Mary & Westfield College (often abbreviated to QMW). Over subsequent years, activities were concentrated on the Queen Mary site, with the Westfield site eventually sold off.
Merger with the medical schools
A reorganisation of medical education within the University of London resulted in most of the freestanding medical schools being merged with existing large colleges to form multi-faculty institutions. In 1995 the
London Hospital Medical Collegeand St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical Collegemerged together and into Queen Mary & Westfield College to form Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry.
Public name change
In 2000 the college changed its given name to Queen Mary, University of London. However the College's charter has not been reissued and its legal name remains Queen Mary & Westfield College.
The purchase, in 2007, of a car maintenance shop on
Mile End Roadhas resulted in its demolition to make way for a new humanities building.
University of London Institute in Paris
Queen Mary collaborates with
Royal Holloway, University of Londonto help run programmes at a remote college of the University of London in Paris, France, known as the University of London Institute in Paris(ULIP). This offers undergraduate and graduate students the chance to study University of London ratified French Studies degrees in France.
Queen Mary was ranked 100th in "
The Times Higher Education Supplement" rankings of higher education institutions worldwide in 2004, [ [http://www.fc.ethz.ch/facts/ir/rankings/thes_ranking/THES_World_University_Rankings_2004.pdf/ THES - QS World University Ranking 2004] ] but moved down to joint 112th place in 2005, alongside Humboldt University of Berlin. [http://www.fc.ethz.ch/facts/ir/rankings/thes_ranking/THES_World_University_Rankings_2005.pdf/ THES - QS World University Ranking 2005] ] In 2006, it had moved back up to be joint 99th, [ [http://www.fc.ethz.ch/facts/ir/rankings/thes_ranking/THES_World_University_Rankings_2006.pdf/ THES - QS World University Ranking 2006] ] but moved down again in 2007 to the world's 149th best higher education institution, along with City University of Hong Kong. [ [http://www.fc.ethz.ch/facts/ir/rankings/thes_ranking/THES_World_University_Rankings_2007.pdf/ THES - QS World University Ranking 2007] ] The "Times Higher Education Supplement" 's peer review-based separate table for the top 100 international Universities in Arts and Humanities subjects included Queen Mary in joint 21st place in the world, alongside University College London. The Shanghai Jiao Tong University's 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universitiesplaced it 57 - 80 in Europe and 151 - 201 globally, putting it level with LSE, Durham and St. Andrews. [http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2007/ARWU2007_102-202.htm Academic Ranking of World Universities 2007] The 2007 CHE-ExcellenceRanking, examining the academic performance of graduate programs in natural sciences, placed Queen Mary in the European top group for biology and physics. [http://www.che.de/downloads/CHE_ExcellenceRanking_AP99.pdf] In addition, " The Guardian" Newspaper's League Tables placed it 12th in the UK in 2005, 42nd by The Times, 28th in 2006. Queen Mary has also been ranked the sixth best UK university for student employability cite web |url=http://www.qmul.ac.uk/news/newsrelease.php?news_id=110 |title=Queen Mary in top 10 UK universities for student employability |work=Queen Mary, University of London press release |accessdate=2006-11-18] - with the second highest UK graduate starting salary.cite web |url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,8405-1246744,00.html |title=Table: Best graduate starting salaries |work=The Sunday Times University Guide 2005 press release |accessdate=2006-11-18] In the 2001 Research Assessment Exercise, it achieved the highest possible rating of 5*, which is very rarely granted, for Law; Linguistics; and Iberian and Latin American Languages. Moreover, it was given the second highest rating of 5, still indicating international excellence, for Clinical Dentistry; Physics; Pure Mathematics; Statistics and Operational Research; Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering; Metallurgy and Materials; Geography; Economics and Econometrics; English Language and Literature; French; German, Dutch and Scandinavian Languages; Russian, Slavonic and East European Languages; and History. Over 80 per cent of its research staff is working in departments where research is of international or national excellence. [ [http://www.hero.ac.uk/rae/rae_dynamic.cfm?myURL=http://126.96.36.199/Results/openInst.asp HERO - Higher Education & Research Opportunities in the UK: RAE 2001 : Results ] ] In 2006, the Guardian University Guide ranked QMUL top in the country for Physics.cite web |url=http://browse.guardian.co.uk/education/2006?SearchBySubject=false&FirstRow=0&SortOrderDirection=&SortOrderColumn=GuardianTeachingScore&Subject=Physics&Go=Go |title=Guardian University Guide for Physics |accessdate=2008-04-03]
Charles Saumarez Smith
Kia Abdullah- Novelist
Thomas Barnardo- Children's philanthropist
Malcolm Bradbury- Novelist
Bernard Butler- Indie guitarist
Peter Caruana- Chief Minister of Gibraltar
Graham Chapman- Monty Pythonstar
Adrian Chiles- BBCpresenter
Bruce Dickinson- Member of Iron Maiden
Michael Duff- string theorist
* Baroness Falkender - Politician
Romola Garai- Actress
Roy Goode- Commercial Lawyer and Author.
Peter Hain- Labour MP, Former Secretary of State for Work and Pensionsand Secretary of State for Wales.
Jane Hill- Newsreader, BBC News
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala- Novelist and Academy Award winning screenwriter
Sir Michael Lyons- Chairman of the BBC Trust
Alasdair MacIntyre- philosopher
Peter Mansfield- Nobel Prizewinning physicist
Basil Markesinis- International Lawyer
* Bill O'Reilly - Host of "
The O'Reilly Factor" on the Fox News Channel
Jeremy Phillips- Intellectual Property lawyer.
Geoffrey Robertson- Human Rights lawyer
Prannoy Roy- Indian journalist
Roy Strong- Historian
David Sullivan- Pornographer and owner of the "Sport" and "Sunday Sport" newspapers
John Meurig Thomas- Chemist
Roger Tilling- Broadcaster and voice of University Challenge
Sarah Waters- Novelist
* Robert Winston, Baron Winston - Pioneer of
in vitro fertilisation
In addition, the musician
Pete Dohertyattended Queen Mary, but left before completing his course.
Many QMUL students are accommodated in the college's own
halls of residenceor other accommodation; QMUL students are also eligible to apply for places in the University of Londonintercollegiate halls of residence, such as Connaught Hall. Most students in college or university accommodation are first-year undergraduatesor international students. The majority of second and third-year students and postgraduatesfind their own accommodation in the private sector. fact|date=February 2008
Queen Mary Students' Union
Queen Mary, University of London Boat Club
University of London Institute in Paris
* [http://www.qmul.ac.uk/ Queen Mary, University of London website]
* [http://www.qmsu.org/ Queen Mary Students' Union, University of London]
* [http://www.ulu.co.uk/ University of London Union]
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