- Roman Czerniawski
Roman Czerniawski (
6 February 1910- 26 April 1985in London) was a Polish Air Force Captainand Allied double agentduring World War II, using the codename BRUTUS.
Czerniawski graduated in the late 1930s from the
Wyższa Szkoła Wojenna(WSWoj), a military academy at Warsaw. As a former officer of the Polish Air Force, he volunteered to create an allied espionagenetwork in Francein 1940. This network was code-named " Interallie". Among the other members of the network was Mathilde Carré.
November 17, 1941, the Abwehrgroup of Hugo Bleicherarrested Carré because of the lack of proper operational security within the organisation. Many other members of the Interallie and Carré revealed most of the members of the network. Czerniawski and others were imprisoned.
After having been offered safety by the
Germans, he was sent as an agent to England. However, he briefed the British and Polish authorities about the security lapses of his organization in France. He was turned into a double agent using the covername Brutus with the Double Cross System. He thus played a major part in the allied deception prior to the D-Daylanding in Normandyin 1944 as one of the primary agents in the execution of Fortitude South, the deceptive plan that the Allies would invade through the Pas de Calais across the Channel from South-East England.
* Andrzej Pepłoński, "Wywiad Polskich Sił Zbrojnych na Zachodzie, 1939-1945" (Polish Armed Forces Intelligence in the West, 1939–1945), Warsaw, 1995.
* Stanisław Żochowski, "Wywiad polski we Francji 1940-1945" (Polish Intelligence in France, 1940–1945), Lublin, 1994, ISBN 83-902348-5-8.
John Cecil Masterman, "The Double-Cross System in the War of 1939-1945", Yale University Press, 1972.
* [http://www.editorialbitacora.com/armagedon/gata/gata.htm La gata. La otra Mata-Hari.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.