Sergei Dovlatov

Sergei Dovlatov
Sergei Dovlatov on the cover of one of his books

Sergei Donatovich Dovlatov (Mechik) (Russian: Серге́й Дона́тович Довла́тов (Ме́чик); 3 September 1941, Ufa, USSR – 24 August 1990, New York, USA) was a Russian journalist and writer.

Contents

Biography

Mount Hebron Cemetery, New York, July 26, 2010

Dovlatov was born on September 3, 1941 in Ufa, Republic of Bashkiria, USSR, where his family had been evacuated during World War II from Leningrad. His mother was an Armenian and his father was half Jewish[1]. After 1945 he lived with his mother in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). Dovlatov studied at the Finnish Department of Leningrad State University, but flunked after two and a half years. He was drafted into the Soviet Internal Troops and served as a prison guard in high-security camps. Later, he earned his living as a journalist in various newspapers and magazines in Leningrad and then as a correspondent of the Tallinn newspaper "Sovetskaja Éstonia" (Советская Эстония/Soviet Estonia). He supplemented his income by being a summer tour guide in the Pushkin preserve, a museum near Pskov. Dovlatov wrote prose fiction, but his numerous attempts to get published in the Soviet Union were in vain. Unable to publish in the Soviet Union, Dovlatov circulated his writings through samizdat and by having them smuggled into Western Europe for publication in foreign journals; an activity that caused his expulsion from the Union of Soviet Journalists in 1976. The set of his first book was destroyed under the order of the KGB. In 1976, some stories by Dovlatov had been published in Western Russian-language magazines, including "Continent", "Time and us", resulting in his expulsion from the Union of Journalists of the USSR.

In 1979 Dovlatov emigrated from the Soviet Union with his mother, Nora, and came to live with his wife and daughter in New York, where he later co-edited "The New American", a liberal, Russian-language émigré newspaper. In the mid 80's, Dovlatov finally achieved recognition as a writer, being printed in the prestigious magazine "The New Yorker". Dovlatov died on August 24, 1990 in New York and was buried at the Mount Hebron Cemetery.

Works

Sergei Dovlatov published twelve books in the USA and Europe during his twelve years as an immigrant. In the Soviet Union, the writer was known from Samizdat and Radio Liberty. After his death and the fall of the Soviet Union, numerous collections of his short stories were finally published in Russia.

Published during his lifetime:

  • The Invisible Book (Невидимая книга) — Аnn Arbor: Ardis, 1977
  • Solo on Underwood: Notebooks (Соло на ундервуде: Записные книжки) — Paris: Третья волна, 1980.
  • The Compromise (Компромисс) — New York: Серебряный век, 1981.
  • The Zone: A Prison Camp Guard's Story (Зона: Записки надзирателя) — Ann Arbor: Эрмитаж, 1982.
  • The Reserve (Заповедник) - Аnn Arbor: Эрмитаж, 1983.
  • The March of the Single People (Марш одиноких) — Holyoke: New England Publishing Co, 1983.
  • Ours (Наши) — Ann Arbor: Ардис, 1983.
  • Demarche of Enthusiasts (Демарш энтузиастов) (cowritten with Vagrich Bakhchanyan and N. Sagalovskij) — Paris: Синтаксис, 1985.
  • Craft: A Story in Two Parts (Ремесло: Повесть в двух частях) — Ann Arbor: Ардис, 1985.
  • A Foreign Woman (Иностранка) — New York: Russica Publishers, 1986.
  • Suitcase (Чемодан) — Tenafly: Эрмитаж, 1986.
  • The Performance (Представление) — New York: Russica Publishers, 1987.
  • Not only Brodsky: Russian Culture in Portraits and Jokes (He только Бродский: Русская культура в портретах и в анекдотах) (cowritten with M. Volkova) — New York: Слово — Word, 1990.
  • Notebooks (Записные книжки) — New York: Слово — Word, 1990.
  • Affiliate (Филиал) — New York: Слово — Word, 1990.

Critical perception

Joseph Brodsky said of Dovlatov, "He is the only Russian writer whose works will be read all the way through" and that: "The decisive thing is his tone, which every member of a democratic society can recognize: the individual who won't let himself be cast in the role of a victim, who is not obsessed with what makes him different."

Quotes

"One can revere Tolstoy's mind. Delight in Pushkin's finesse. Appreciate the spiritual quest of Dostoyevsky. Gogol's humor. And so on. Yet Chekhov is the only one I would want to resemble."

External links

References

  1. ^ [1]



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sergéi Dovlátov — Sergéi Donátovich Dovlátov (Dovlátov Méchik) (en ruso: Сергей Донатович Довлатов (Мечик); 3 de septiembre de 1941, Ufá – 24 de agosto de 1990, Nueva York) es un notable escritor, cuentista y novelista ruso moderno. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sergei Dovlatov — Sergei Donatowitsch Dowlatow (russisch Сергей Донатович Довлатов, wiss. Transliteration Sergei Donatovič Dovlatov; * 3. September 1941 in Ufa; † 24. August 1990 in New York City) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Leben Dowlatow wurde 1941 in Ufa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergei Donatovich Dovlatov — Sergei Donatowitsch Dowlatow (russisch Сергей Донатович Довлатов, wiss. Transliteration Sergei Donatovič Dovlatov; * 3. September 1941 in Ufa; † 24. August 1990 in New York City) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Leben Dowlatow wurde 1941 in Ufa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergei Dowlatow — Sergei Donatowitsch Dowlatow (russisch Сергей Донатович Довлатов, wiss. Transliteration Sergei Donatovič Dovlatov; * 3. September 1941 in Ufa; † 24. August 1990 in New York City) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Leben Dowlatow wurde 1941 in Ufa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergei Donatowitsch Dowlatow — (russisch Сергей Донатович Довлатов, wiss. Transliteration Sergej Donatovič Dovlatov; * 3. September 1941 in Ufa; † 24. August 1990 in New York City) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Leben Dowlatow wurde 1941 in Ufa, Sowjetunion, geboren,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sergueï Dovlatov — Sergueï Donatovitch Dovlatov (en russe : Сергей Донатович Довлатов) est un romancier soviétique né le 3 septembre 1941 à Oufa et mort le 24 août 1990 à New York. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Travaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Literatura de Rusia — Un documento de corteza de abedul. Con el término literatura rusa se alude no solo a la literatura de Rusia, sino también a la literatura escrita en ruso por miembros de otras naciones que se independizaron de la extinta Unión de Repúblicas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • Serge (first name) — NOTOC Serge (pronEng|ˈsɝdʒ in English) is a male first name, particularly common in France, as Sérgio in Portugal, and as Sergio in Italy, Spain [ [http://www.albaiges.com/onomastica/enpe global.htm CUADRO DE LOS NOMBRES DE PILA MÁS IMPUESTOS EN… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”