Title 18 of the United States Code

Title 18 of the United States Code

Title 18 of the United States Code is the criminal and penal code of the federal government of the United States. It deals with federal crimes and criminal procedure.

Part I - Crimes

*usctc|18|1|pipe=Chapter 1: General Provisions:This chapter consists of General Provisions. §1 is repealed. §2 defines principals. §3 defines and provides punishment for accessory after the fact, while §4 defines and provides punishment for misprision of felony. §5 defines "United States," §6 defines "department" and "agency," §7 defines "special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States," §8 defines "obligation or other security of the United States," §9 defines "vessel of the United States," §10 defines "interstate commerce" and "foreign commerce," §11 defines foreign government, and §12 defines "United States Postal Service." §13 deals with laws of states adopted for areas within federal jurisdiction. §14 is repealed. §15 defines "obligation or other security of foreign government" and §16 defines "Crime of violence."

:§17 deals with the insanity defense, defining it as "an affirmative defense to a prosecution under any Federal statute that, at the time of the commission of the acts constituting the offense, the defendant, as a result of a severe mental disease or defect, was unable to appreciate the nature and quality or the wrongfulness of his acts," that "mental disease or defect does not otherwise constitute a defense," and that "the defendant has the burden of proving the defense of insanity by clear and convincing evidence."

:§18 defines "organization," §19 defines "petty offense," §20 defines "financial institution," §21 defines "stolen or counterfeit nature of property for certain crimes," § 23.1 defines "court of the United States." §24 provides "definitions relating to Federal health care offense." §25 deals with the "use of minors in crimes of violence."

*usctc|18|2|pipe=Chapter 2: Aircraft and Motor Vehicles

:This chapter deals with aircraft and motor vehicles. §31 is comprosed of definitions. §32 is "crime of destruction of aircraft or aircraft facilities," §33 is "destruction of motor vehicles or motor vehicle facilities," §34 is "penalty when death results," and §35 is "imparting or conveying false information." §36 deals with drive-by shooting. §37 is "violence at international airports." §38 deals with "fraud involving aircraft or space vehicle parts in interstate or foreign commerce." § 39.1 prohibits unauthorized traffic signal preemption transmitters, while an additional § 39.1 requires commercial vehicles to stop for inspections.

*usctc|18|3|pipe=Chapter 3: Animals, Birds, Fish, and Plants

:§41 prohibits hunting, fishing, trapping, or disturbance or injury to birds, fish, or wildlife in any protected areas of the United States, and provides a penalty of a fine under this title or imprisonment up to six months, or both. :§42 is titled "importation or shipment of injurious mammals, birds, fish (including mollusks and crustacea), amphibia, and reptiles; permits, specimens for museums; regulations." It prohibits the import of harmful or invasive species, including "Herpestes auropunctatus", bats of the genus "Pteropus", the zebra mussel, and the brown tree snake, and authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to bar other harmful species. The section also provides exemptions. :§43 is titled "animal enterprise terrorism" and prohibits intentional disruption or harm to "animal enterprises" through interstate or foreign commerce, and provides various penalties.:§44 and §45 are repealed. §46 bars the transportation of the invasive plants alligator weed, water caltrop, and "Eichhornia crassipes", and provides for a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to six months, or both.:§47 prohibits the use of an aircraft or motor vehicle to hunt any "wild unbranded horse, mare, colt, or burro running at large on any of the public land or ranges" and prohibits the pollution of any watering hole on any of the public land or ranges for the purpose of hunting any of the named animals, and provides for a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to six months, or both, for each offense. :§48 prohibits the possession of any depiction of animal cruelty with the intention of placing that depiction in interstate or foreign commerce for commercial gain, and provides a penalty of a fine under this title, or imprisonment up to five years, or both, and excepts any depiction that has "serious religious, political, scientific, educational, journalistic, historical, or artistic value."

*usctc|18|5|pipe=Chapter 5: Arson

:This chapter deals with arson. It has only one section, §81, which defines arson, attempted arson, or conspiracy to commit arson, and provides a penalty of imprisonment for up to 25 years, the greater of the fine under this title or the cost of repairing or replacing any property that is damaged or destroyed, or both. It also provides that if the building is a dwelling or if the life of any person is placed in jeopardy, the penalty shall be a fine under this title, imprisonment for "any term of years or for life," or both.

*usctc|18|7|pipe=Chapter 7: Assault

:This chapter deals with assault. §111 prohibits "assaulting, resisting, or impeding" officers and employees of the United States while engaged in or on account of the performance of official duties, and the assault or intimidation of "any person who formerly served" as an officers or employees of the United States "on account of the performance of official duties during such person's term of service." The section provides for a penalty for simple assault of a fine, imprisonment for up to one year, or both, and a penalty in all other cases of a fine, imprisonment for up to eight years, or both. An enhanced penalty of a fine or imprisonment for up to 20 years is provded for if a "deadly or dangerous weapon" is used or if bodily injury is inflicted.

:§112 is "protection of foreign officials, official guests, and internationally protected persons." It prohibits assaulting or causing harm to a "foreign official, official guest, or internationally protected person" or "any other violent attack upon the person or liberty of such person," and provides a penality of a fine, imprisonment of up to three years, or both, and an enhanced penalty of a fine or imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both, if a deadly or dangerous weapon" is used or if bodily injury is inflicted. §112 also prohibits " [i] ntimidating, coercing, threatening, or harassing a foreign official or an official guest, or obstructing a foreign official in the performance of his duties," or an attempt to do so, and additionally prohibits two or more people congregating within 100 feet of any building being used "for diplomatic, consular, or residential purposes" by foreign officials or international organization, "with intent to violate any other provision of this section," and provides for a fine, imprisonment up to six months, or both. The section also provides that "Nothing contained in this section shall be construed or applied so as to abridge the exercise of rights" guaranteed under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

:§113 provides punishments for assault within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States: for assault with intent to commit murder, imprisonment for not more than 20 years; for assault with intent to commit any felony except murder or a felony under chapter 109A, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; for assault with a dangerous weapon, with intent to do bodily harm, and without just cause or excuse, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; for assault by striking, beating, or wounding, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both; simple assault, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both, or if the victim of the assault is an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both; assault resulting in serious bodily injury, by a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both; assault resulting in substantial bodily injury to an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years, by fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than 5 years, or both.

:§113 also defines "substantial bodily injury" as bodily injury which involves a temporary but substantial disfigurement, or a temporary but substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member, organ, or , and defines "serious bodily injury" as the meaning given that term in section 1365 of this title.

:§114, makes it a crime within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States to, with intent to torture (as defined in section 2340), and provides that whoever shall "maim, disfigure, cuts, bites, or slits the nose, ear, or lip, or cuts out or disables the tongue, or puts out or destroys an eye, or cuts off or disables a limb or any member of another person; or whoever, within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, and with like intent, throws or pours upon another person, any scalding water, corrosive acid, or caustic substance shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both."

:§115. Influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a Federal official by threatening or injuring a family member :§ 116. Female genital mutilation :§ 117. Domestic assault by an habitual offender

*usctc|18|9|pipe=Chapter 9: Bankruptcy
*usctc|18|10|pipe=Chapter 10: Biological weapons
*usctc|18|11|pipe=Chapter 11: Bribery, Graft, and Conflicts of Interest
*usctc|18|11A|pipe=Chapter 11A: Child Support
*usctc|18|11B|pipe=Chapter 11B: Chemical Weapons
*usctc|18|12|pipe=Chapter 12: Civil Disorders
*usctc|18|13|pipe=Chapter 13: Civil Rights
*usctc|18|15|pipe=Chapter 15: Claims and Services in Matters Affecting Government
*usctc|18|17|pipe=Chapter 17: Coins and Currency
*usctc|18|17A|pipe=Chapter 17A: Common Carrier under the Influence of Alcohol or Drugs
*usctc|18|18|pipe=Chapter 18: Congressional, Cabinet, and Supreme Court Assassination, Kidnapping, and Assault
*usctc|18|19|pipe=Chapter 19: Conspiracy
*usctc|18|21|pipe=Chapter 21: Contempts
*usctc|18|23|pipe=Chapter 23: Contracts
*usctc|18|25|pipe=Chapter 25: Counterfeiting and Forgery
*usctc|18|26|pipe=Chapter 26: Criminal Street Gangs
*usctc|18|27|pipe=Chapter 27: Customs
*usctc|18|29|pipe=Chapter 29: Elections and Political Activities
*usctc|18|31|pipe=Chapter 31: Embezzlement and Theft
* [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode18/usc_sup_01_18_10_I_20_33.html Chapter 33] : Emblems, Insignia, and Names :§700 deals with flag desecration. :§701 prohibits the unauthorized manufacture, sale, or possession of official badges, identification cards or other insignia. :§702 prohibits the unauthorized wear of the uniforms of the armed forces and Public Health Service, or of limitations. :§703 likewise prohibits the unauthorized wear if freign friendly nations "intent to deceive or mislead." : [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode18/usc_sec_18_00000704----000-.html §704] ] prohibits the unauthorized wear, manufacture, or sale of awards and decorations of the United States military, with special provisions increasing the penalty if the award is the Medal of Honor,
*usctc|18|35|pipe=Chapter 35: Escape and Rescue
*usctc|18|37|pipe=Chapter 37: Espionage and Censorship
*usctc|18|39|pipe=Chapter 39: Explosives and Other Dangerous Articles
*usctc|18|40|pipe=Chapter 40: Importation, Manufacture, Distribution and Storage of Explosive Materials
*usctc|18|41|pipe=Chapter 41: Extortion and Threats
*usctc|18|42|pipe=Chapter 42: Extortionate Credit Transactions
*usctc|18|43|pipe=Chapter 43: False Personation
*usctc|18|44|pipe=Chapter 44: Firearms
*usctc|18|45|pipe=Chapter 45: Foreign Relations Threats
*usctc|18|46|pipe=Chapter 46: Forfeiture
*usctc|18|47|pipe=Chapter 47: Foreign Relations Threats
*usctc|18|45|pipe=Chapter 45: Fraud and False Statements
*usctc|18|49|pipe=Chapter 49: Fugitives From Justice
*usctc|18|50|pipe=Chapter 50: Gambling
*usctc|18|50a|pipe=Chapter 50a: Genocide
*usctc|18|51|pipe=Chapter 51: Homicide
*usctc|18|53|pipe=Chapter 53: Indians
*usctc|18|55|pipe=Chapter 55: Kidnapping
*usctc|18|57|pipe=Chapter 57: Labor
*usctc|18|59|pipe=Chapter 59: Liquor Traffic
*usctc|18|61|pipe=Chapter 61: Lotteries
*usctc|18|63|pipe=Chapter 63: Mail Fraud
*usctc|18|65|pipe=Chapter 65: Malicious Mischief
*usctc|18|67|pipe=Chapter 67: Military and Navy
*usctc|18|68|pipe=Chapter 68: [Repealed]
*usctc|18|69|pipe=Chapter 69: Nationality and Citizenship
*usctc|18|71|pipe=Chapter 71: Obscenity
*usctc|18|73|pipe=Chapter 73: Obstruction of Justice
*usctc|18|74|pipe=Chapter 74: Partial-Birth Abortions
*usctc|18|75|pipe=Chapter 75: Passports and Visas
*usctc|18|77|pipe=Chapter 77: Peonage, Slavery, and Trafficking in Persons
*usctc|18|79|pipe=Chapter 79: Perjury
*usctc|18|81|pipe=Chapter 81: Piracy and Privateering
*usctc|18|83|pipe=Chapter 83: Postal Service
*usctc|18|84|pipe=Chapter 84: Presidential and Presidential Staff Assassination, Kidnapping, and Assault
*usctc|18|85|pipe=Chapter 85: Prison-Made Goods
*usctc|18|87|pipe=Chapter 87: Prisons
*usctc|18|88|pipe=Chapter 88: Privacy
*usctc|18|89|pipe=Chapter 89: Professions and Occupations
*usctc|18|90|pipe=Chapter 90: Protection of Trade Secrets
*usctc|18|90a|pipe=Chapter 90a: Protection of Unborn Children
*usctc|18|91|pipe=Chapter 91: Public Lands
*usctc|18|93|pipe=Chapter 93: Public Officers and Employees
*usctc|18|95|pipe=Chapter 95: Racketeering
*usctc|18|96|pipe=Chapter 96: Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations
*usctc|18|97|pipe=Chapter 97: Railroads
*usctc|18|99|pipe=Chapter 99: [Repealed]
*usctc|18|101|pipe=Chapter 101: Records and Reports
*usctc|18|102|pipe=Chapter 102: Riots
*usctc|18|103|pipe=Chapter 103: Robbery and Burglary
*usctc|18|105|pipe=Chapter 105: Sabotage
*usctc|18|107|pipe=Chapter 107: Seamen and Stowaways
*usctc|18|109|pipe=Chapter 109: Searches and Seizures
*usctc|18|109a|pipe=Chapter 109a: Sexual Abuse
*usctc|18|110|pipe=Chapter 110: Sexual Exploitation and Other Abuse of Children
*usctc|18|110a|pipe=Chapter 110a: Domestic Violence and Stalking
*usctc|18|111|pipe=Chapter 111: Seamen Shipping
*usctc|18|113|pipe=Chapter 113: Stolen Property
*usctc|18|113a|pipe=Chapter 113a: Telemarketing Fraud
*usctc|18|113b|pipe=Chapter 113b: Terrorism
*usctc|18|113c|pipe=Chapter 113c: Torture
*usctc|18|114|pipe=Chapter 114: Trafficking in Contraband Cigarettes
*usctc|18|115|pipe=Chapter 115: Treason, Sedition, and Subversive Activities
*usctc|18|117|pipe=Chapter 117: Transportation for Illegal Sexual Activity and Related Crimes
*usctc|18|118|pipe=Chapter 118: War Crimes
*usctc|18|119|pipe=Chapter 119: Wire and Electronic Communications Interception and Interception of Oral Communications
*usctc|18|121|pipe=Chapter 121: Stored Wire and Electronic Communications and Transactional Records Access
*usctc|18|123|pipe=Chapter 123: Prohibition on Release and Use of Certain Personal Information from State Motor Vehicle Records

Part II - Criminal Procedure

*Usctc|18|201|Pipe=Chapter 201: General Provisions
*Usctc|18|203|Pipe=Chapter 203: Arrest and Commitment
*Usctc|18|204|Pipe=Chapter 204: Rewards for Information Concerning Terrorist Acts and Espionage
*Usctc|18|205|Pipe=Chapter 205: Searches and Seizures
*Usctc|18|206|Pipe=Chapter 206: Pen Registers and Trap and Trace Devices
*Usctc|18|207|Pipe=Chapter 207: Release and Detention Pending Judicial Proceedings
*Usctc|18|208|Pipe=Chapter 208: Speedy Trial
*Usctc|18|209|Pipe=Chapter 209: Extradition
*Usctc|18|211|Pipe=Chapter 211: Jurisdiction and Venue
*Usctc|18|212|Pipe=Chapter 212: Military Extraterritorial Jurisdiction
*Usctc|18|212a|Pipe=Chapter 212a: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction over Certain Trafficking In Persons Offenses
*Usctc|18|213|Pipe=Chapter 213: Limitations
*Usctc|18|215|Pipe=Chapter 215: Grand Jury
*Usctc|18|216|Pipe=Chapter 216: Special Grand Jury
*Usctc|18|217|Pipe=Chapter 217: Indictment and Information
*Usctc|18|219|Pipe=Chapter 219: Trial by United States Magistrate Judges
*Usctc|18|221|Pipe=Chapter 221: Arraignment, Pleas and Trial
*Usctc|18|223|Pipe=Chapter 223: Witnesses and Evidence
*Usctc|18|224|Pipe=Chapter 224: Protection of Witnesses
*Usctc|18|225|Pipe=Chapter 225: Verdict
*Usctc|18|227|Pipe=Chapter 227: Sentences
*Usctc|18|228|Pipe=Chapter 228: Death Sentence
*Usctc|18|228a|Pipe=Chapter 228a: Post-Conviction DNA Testing
*Usctc|18|229|Pipe=Chapter 229: Postsentence Administration
*Usctc|18|231|Pipe=Chapter 231: [Repealed]
*Usctc|18|232|Pipe=Chapter 232: Miscellaneous Sentencing Provisions
*Usctc|18|232a|Pipe=Chapter 232a: Special Forfeiture of Collateral Profits of Crime
*Usctc|18|233|Pipe=Chapter 233: Contempts
*Usctc|18|237|Pipe=Chapter 237: Crime Victims Rights

Part III -Prisons and Prisoners

*usctc|18|301|Pipe=Chapter 301: General Provisions
*usctc|18|303|Pipe=Chapter 303: Bureau of Prisons
*usctc|18|305|Pipe=Chapter 305: Commitment and Transfer
*usctc|18|306|Pipe=Chapter 306: Transfer To or From Foreign Countries
*usctc|18|307|Pipe=Chapter 307: Employment
*usctc|18|309|Pipe=Chapter 309: [Repealed]
*usctc|18|311|Pipe=Chapter 311: [Repealed]
*usctc|18|313|Pipe=Chapter 313: Offenders with Mental Disease or Defect
*usctc|18|314|Pipe=Chapter 314: [Repealed]
*usctc|18|315|Pipe=Chapter 315: Discharge and Release Payments
*usctc|18|317|Pipe=Chapter 317: Institutions for Women
*usctc|18|319|Pipe=Chapter 319: National Institute of Corrections

Part IV - Correction of Youthful Offenders

Part V - Immunity of Witnesses

Title 18, specifically Part 1 > Chapter 113B > § 2331 and § 2332a(a)), is being used to charge individuals, such as Zacarias Moussaoui, with terrorism.

Title 18 has expanded the interpretation of Weapons of Mass Destruction to include "airplanes intended for use as missiles."

External links

* [http://www.access.gpo.gov/uscode/title18/title18.html U.S. Code Title 18] , via United States Government Printing Office
* [http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/18 U.S. Code Title 18] , via Cornell University


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