Alexander King (scientist)

Alexander King (scientist)

Alexander King CMG, CBE (26 January 1909 - 28 February 2007) was a scientist and pioneer of the sustainable development movement who co-founded the Club of Rome in 1968 with the Italian industrialist Aurelio Peccei.

At the time of the Club of Rome's founding, King was a "top international scientific civil servant, Scots by birth, living in Paris." [ The Club of Rome — Beginings] ]

Education and early work

King attended Highgate School,Failed verification|date=July 2008 studied chemistry at the universities of London and Munich, then taught and carried out some important research at Imperial College, London, where he won the Harrison Memorial Prize from the Royal Society of Chemistry.Failed verification|date=July 2008 The war took him to the United States, where he was science attaché at the British Embassy in Washington until 1947, concerned with "everything from penicillin to the bomb".

Other employment

* the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research in London
* the European Productivity Agency in Paris
* the OECD.

Alexander King (CMG, CBE, US Medal of Freedom, Erasmus Laureate) was born in 1909 in Glasgow, Scotland. He graduated at the Royal College of Science, London. After a year of postgraduate chemical research at the University of Munich, he was appointed lecturer in physical chemistry at Imperial College, London, teaching and eventually forming a small research team on surface chemistry. In the 1930s he led a scientific expedition to Jan Mayen in the Arctic, members of his group making the first ascent of the second peak of its striking volcano, the Beerenberg.

At the outbreak of World War II, Sir Henry Tizard, Rector of Imperial College invited him to forsake the laboratory to assist in scientific aspects of the war planning. King became a deputy to the Minister of Production. In this capacity he was responsible for the development of DDT and was sent to Washington to discuss it with the Americans. While there King was instructed to act as the head of the British Mission for exchanging information with the US and he found himself Director of the British Central Scientific Office in Washington which he operated successfully for several years.

When the war ended, King accepted Tizard’s invitation to work as Director of a Central Scientific Secretariat in the office of the UK Cabinet and he also became the scientific adviser to the Lord President of the Council, Herbert Morrison. There he was involved essentially in civilian aspects of national science policy, and for the next five years operated in the centre of government with special emphasis on the problems of post-war reconstruction.

After Attlee’s administration ended, King became a Chief Scientist in the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research before moving to Paris as Director of the European Productivity Agency. In 1960 he became Director General at the OECD, a position he held for several years until his retirement on age limit in 1974. During his tenure at the OECD he founded, with Aurelio Peccei, the Club of Rome, an organisation of independent personalities outside government and industry with concern for the long term problems of world society and the environment. On the death of Peccei he became President of the Club, finally retiring at the age of ninety. Alexander King died on 28 February 2007.


External links

* [ The Club of Rome: Beginnings]
* [ Memoirs of a Boffin] contains some biographical material on King
* [ Alexander King] contains information about Alexander King's autobiography 'Let the cat turn round: one man's traverse of the Twentieth century' published by [ CPTM] , November 2006

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander King — may be:*Alexander King, actor. *Alexander King, author. *Alex King, rugby union player. *Alexander King, scientist. *Alexander King, Person …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Graham Bell honors and tributes — Alexander Graham Bell c.1918–1919 Alexander Graham Bell honours and tributes include honours bestowed upon him and awards named for him …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Bolonkin — Alexander Alexandrovich Bolonkin (born March 14, 1933 in the former USSR) is an American scientist. He holds a PhD. in aerospace and is a professor, specializing in aviation, aerospace, mathematics, and computers. He was granted a Bachelor of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander von Humboldt — Infobox Scientist name = Alexander von Humboldt box width = image size =250px caption = Alexander von Humboldt, painting by Joseph Stieler, 1843 birth date = September 14, 1769 birth place = Berlin death date = May 6, 1859 death place = residence …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Graham Bell — Infobox Person name = Alexander Graham Bell image size = 225px caption = Portrait of Alexander Graham Bell c. 1910 birth date = 3 March 1847 birth place = Edinburgh, Scotland, UK death date = death date and age|1922|8|2|1847|3|3|df=y death place …   Wikipedia

  • List of King's College London alumni — This List of King s College London alumni includes graduates, non graduate former students, and current students of King s College London. The list also includes those whom are alumni by extension, having studied at institutions that have… …   Wikipedia

  • The King Never Smiles — Infobox Book name = The King Never Smiles title orig = translator = image caption = The King Never Smiles book cover author = Paul M. Handley illustrator = cover artist = country = language = series = subject = publisher = release date = english… …   Wikipedia

  • Denis Alexander — For the soldier and landowner, see Denis Alexander, 6th Earl of Caledon. Dr. Denis Alexander is the director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion at St Edmund s College, Cambridge, a molecular biologist and an author on science and… …   Wikipedia

  • Christopher Alexander — For the diplomat with the same name, see Christopher Alexander (diplomat). Christopher Alexander Christopher Wolfgang Alexander (born October 4, 1936 in Vienna, Austria) is a registered architect noted for his theories about design, and for more… …   Wikipedia

  • Meena Alexander — (born 1951) is an internationally acclaimed poet, scholar, and writer. Born in Allahabad, India, and raised in India and Sudan, Alexander lives and works in New York City, where she is Distinguished Professor of English at Hunter College in the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”