- Tengmalm's Owl
name = Tengmalm's Owl
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
image_width = 250px
genus = "
species = "A. funereus"
binomial = "Aegolius funereus"
binomial_authority = (Linnaeus,
1758)The Tengmalm's Owl, "Aegolius funereus", is a small owl. It is known as the Boreal Owl in North America. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl. The other grouping is the barn owls, Tytonidae.
birdbreeds in dense coniferous forests across northern North America and Eurasia, and in mountain ranges such as the Alpsand the Rockies. It lays 3-6 eggs in a tree hole. Across much of Europe, and to a lesser extent in Asia and North America, naturalists and biologists put up nest boxes for these and other small owls.
This species is not normally migratory, but in some autumns significant numbers move further south. It is rarely any great distance south of its breeding range, although this is partly due to the problems of detecting this nocturnal owl outside the breeding season when it is not calling.
This smallish owl eats mainly
voles and other mammals but also birds as well as insects and other invertebrates. It is largely nocturnal, though in the northern most parts of its range, it is forced to hunt during daylight because of the very short nights in summer.
The Tengmalm's Owl is 22-27 cm long with a 50-62 cm wingspan. It is brown above, with white flecking on the shoulders. Below it is whitish streaked brown. The head is large, with yellow eyes and a white facial disc, and a "surprised" appearance. The flight is strong and direct. Young birds are chocolate brown.
The bird's call is similar in sound to the "winnowing" of the North American
This bird is named after the Swedish naturalist
Peter Gustaf Tengmalm.
This type of owl was featured in "
Out of Africa %28film%29" as Karen Blixen's pet, although it is not native to Africa and was not the species of owl the real Karen Blixen kept.
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/especie.phtml?idEspecie=2715 Tengmalm's Owl videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
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