name = "Aegolius"
image_width = 240px
image_caption = Tengmalm's Owl
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Strigiformes
familia = Strigidae
genus = "Aegolius"
genus_authority = Kaup, 1829
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "A. funereus"
"Aegolius" is a small genus of owls. Three of the species are restricted to the
New World, but Tengmalm's Owl (Boreal Owl) has a circumpolar range through North America, Eurasia, the Alpsand the Rockies.
The species are:
Tengmalm's Owlor Boreal Owl, "Aegolius funereus"
Northern Saw-whet Owl, "Aegolius acadicus"
Unspotted Saw-whet Owl, "Aegolius ridgwayi"
Buff-fronted Owl, "Aegolius harrisii"
These are essentially nocturnal woodland owls of temperate or colder climates; the two northern species breed in North America’s
coniferous forests, and the Unspotted Saw-whet Owl and Buff-fronted Owl (Central and South Americarespectively) are species of mountain cloud or oak forests.
These are mainly resident birds, but the northern species at least will sometimes move south or to lower altitudes in autumn. The movements are difficult to monitor due to the problems of detecting these nocturnal owls outside the breeding season when they are not calling.
"Aegolius" owls are small, dumpy, short tailed and broad winged, with large round facial discs. The species varies from 18-27 cm in length.
These owls take mainly
rodents and other small mammals as their prey, but will also feed on birds, bats, insects and other invertebrates according to what is available.
The "Aegolius" owls are dark brown or black above, and whitish or buff below, marked with streaks or spots in the two northern forms. The head is large, with yellow eyes and a well-defined facial disc. The flight is strong, agile and direct.
"Aegolius" owls breed in tree holes laying several eggs. They have repetitive whistling calls in the breeding season.
* Stiles and Skutch "A guide to the birds of Costa Rica" ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
* Hilty "Birds of Venezuela" ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
* "National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America" ISBN 0-7922-6877-6
* Mullarney, Svensson, Zetterstrom and Grant "Collins Bird Guide" ISBN 0-00-219728-6
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