Parisand inner ring départements
Cœur de Seine
alt moy=136 m
date-sans=July 1, 2005 estimate)
(March 8, 1999 census
Saint-Cloud is a commune in the western suburbs of
Paris, France. It is located 9.6 kilometres (6 mi) from the center of Paris.
The town is named after
Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in the hamlet of Novigentum. Canonized after his death, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.
A park contains the ruins of the
Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers, and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line prior to the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the "coup d'état" led by Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directoryin 1799.
The town is also famous for the so-called
Saint-Cloud porcelainproduced there from 1693 to 1766. [cite web | url = http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artMakerDetails?maker=1224 | title = Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory | publisher = | author = J. Paul Getty Museum| date = | accessdate = 2008-01-13]
From 1966, the Headquarters of the International Criminal Police Organization (
Interpol) was located at 22 Rue Armengaud until 1989 when it moved to Lyon.
The main landmarks are the park of the demolished
Château de Saint-Cloudand the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a race track for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blancin 1901 and is host to a number of important races including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.
Saint-Cloud is served by two stations on the
Transilien La Défenseand Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazaresuburban rail lines: Le Val d'Or and Saint-Cloud.
The town is also served by a number of stops on the T2 Tramway, which runs along the side of the Seine.
Central Saint-Cloud, known as "Le Village", is also served by the metro station 'Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud' (line 10), located across the Seine river on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the "Pont de Saint Cloud".
Saint-Cloud was the birthplace of:
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans(1674-1723), Regentof France from 1715 to 1723
* Philippe Égalité (1747-1793), a key figure during the early stages of the
Marie Bonaparte(1882-1962), psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud
Gilbert Norman(1914-1944), Special Operations Executivemember
Jean-Claude Killy(born 1943), alpine skier and a triple Olympic champion
Gérard Manset(born 1945), known as Manset, rock songwriter
Hervé Guibert(1955-1991), writer
Alexandra Fusai(born 1973), former professional tennis player
Saint-Cloud is twinned with:
Bad Godesberg, Germany
*flagicon|United Kingdom -
Windsor and Maidenhead, United Kingdom
* [http://www.ville-saint-cloud.fr/ Official website] (in French)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.