Electronic art

Electronic art

Electronic art is a form of art that makes use of electronic media or, more broadly, refers to technology and/or electronic media. It is related to information art, new media art, video art, digital art, interactive art, internet art, and electronic music. It is considered an outgrowth of conceptual art and systems art.


The term "electronic art" is almost, but not entirely, synonymous to computer art and digital art. [Paul, Christiane (2006. "Digital Art", p. 10. Thames & Hudson.] The latter two terms, and especially the term computer-generated art are mostly used for visual artworks generated by computers. However, electronic art has a much broader connotation, referring to artworks that include any type of electronic component , such as works in music, dance, architecture and performance. [Paul, Christiane (2006. "Digital Art", p. 132 Thames & Hudson.] It is an interdisciplinary field and so artists often collaborate with scientists and engineers when creating their works. The art historian of experimental new media art, Edward A. Shanken is documenting current and past experimental art with a focus on the entwinement of art, science, and technology, as are, in France, virtual historians Frank Popper and Dominique Moulon.

Electronic art is often, but not always, interactive. ." [Paul, Christiane (2006. "Digital Art", pp. 8 & 11. Thames & Hudson.] Artists make use of technologies like the Internet, computer networks, robotics, wearable technology, digital painting, wireless technology and immersive virtual reality. As the technologies used to deliver works of electronic art become obsolete, electronic art faces serious issues around the challenge to preserve artwork beyond the time of its contemporary production. Currently, research projects are underway to improve the preservation and documentation of the fragile electronic arts heritage (see DOCAM - Documentation and Conservation of the Media Arts Heritage).

Art Festivals that use the term Electronic Art in their Name

* International Symposium for Electronic Art (ISEA), organized approximately every two years since 1988, international;
* Ars Electronica Symposium, organized yearly since 1979 by Ars Electronica in Linz, Austria;
* Dutch Electronic Art Festival (DEAF), organized yearly since 1994 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
* Electronic Language International Festival (FILE) organized yearly since 2000 in São Paulo, Brazil.

*The Prix Ars Electronica is a major yearly award for several categories of electronic art.


A selection of important artists working in electronic art:

* Laurie Anderson
* Roy Ascott
* Maurice Benayoun
* Angie Bonino
* Artur Matuck
* Douglas Cooper
* Michael Coulson
* Heiko Daxl
* Louis-Philippe Demers and Bill Vorn
* Elizabeth Diller and Ricardo Scofidio
* Ken Feingold
* Ingeborg Fülepp
* Ulrike Gabriel
* Peter Gabriel
* Perry Hoberman
* Jodi (internet artists)
* Eduardo Kac
* Knowbotic Research
* George Legrady
* David Link (aka David Gabriel)
* Rafael Lozano-Hemmer
* Chico MacMurtrie
* Jennifer & Kevin McCoy
* Joseph Nechvatal
* Yves Netzhammer
* Ivan David
* Graham Nicholls
* Ken Rinaldo
* David Rokeby
* Don Ritter
* Sensorband
* Michael Snow
* Stelarc
* Studio Azzurro
* Survival Research Laboratories
* Gianni Toti
* Norman White
* Amy Youngs
* Ramzi Turki


* Christine Buci-Glucksmann, "L’art à l’époque virtuel", in Frontières esthétiques de l’art, Arts 8, Paris: L’Harmattan, 2004
* Frank Popper, Art of the Electronic Age, Thames & Hudson, 1997
* Joline Blais and Jon Ippolito "The Edge of Art", Thames & Hudson Ltd
* Christiane Paul "Digital Art", Thames & Hudson Ltd
* Donald Kuspit "Del Atre Analogico al Arte Digital" in Arte Digital Y Videoarte, Kuspit, D. ed., Consorcio del Circulo de Bellas Artes, Madrid, pp. 33-34 & 3 color images
* Robert C. Morgan "Digital Hybrids", "Art Press" volume #255
* Frank Popper, [http://leonardo.info/isast/leobooks/books/popper.html From Technological to Virtual Art] , MIT Press/Leonardo Books, 2007
* Alan Liu "The Laws of Cool", Chicago Press, pp. 331-336 & 485-486
* Bruce Wands "Art of the Digital Age", London: Thames & Hudson
* Donald Kuspit [http://www.artnet.com/magazineus/features/kuspit/kuspit8-5-05.asp "The Matrix of Sensations"] "VI: Digital Artists and the New Creative Renaissance"
* Frank Popper, "Origins and Development of Kinetic Art", Studio Vista and New York Graphic Society, 1968
* Frank Popper, "Die Kinetische Kunst-Licht und Bewegung, Umweltkunst und Aktion", Dumont Schauberg, 1975
* Frank Popper, "Le Déclin de l'objet", Le Chêne, 1975
* Lev Manovich (2001). [Leonardo Books, "The Language of New Media"] Cambridge, Masschusetts: The MIT Press/Leonardo Books. ISBN 0-262-63255-1
*Dick Higgins, ‘Intermedia’ (1966), reprinted in Donna De Salvo (ed.), Open Systems Rethinking Art c. 1970, London: Tate Publishing, 2005
* Nicolas Bourriaud, (1997) Relational Aesthetics, Dijon: Les Presses du Réel, 2002, orig. 1997
* Charlie Gere, (2002) Digital Culture, Reaktion ISBN 978-1861891433
*Lev Manovich, Ten Key Texts on Digital Art: 1970-2000 Leonardo - [http://www.leonardo.info/isast/journal/toc355.html Volume 35, Number 5, October 2002] , pp. 567-569
*Charlie Gere, (2006) [http://leonardo.info/isast/leobooks/books/gere.html White Heat, Cold Logic: Early British Computer Art] , co-edited with Paul Brown, Catherine Mason and Nicholas Lambert, MIT Press/Leonardo Books
* Mark Hansen, (2004) New Philosophy for New Media (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
* Frank Popper, Art--Action and Participation, New York University Press, 1975
* Frank Popper, Origins and Development of Kinetic Art, New York Graphic Society/Studio Vista, 1968
* Frank Popper, "Réflexions sur l'exil, l'art et l'Europe : Entretiens avec Aline Dallier", Klincksieck 1998
* Margot Lovejoy "Digital Currents: Art in the Electronic Age" Routledge 2004
* Frank Popper "Ecrire sur l'art : De l'art optique a l'art virtuel", L'Harmattan 2007
* Fred Forest "Art et Internet", Editions Cercle D'Art / Imaginaire Mode d'Emploi

ee also

*Algorithm art
*Digital painting
*Digital poetry
*Digital art
*Evolutionary art
*Fractal art
*Generative art
*Image development
*Interactive art
*New media art
*Music visualization
*Systems art
*Computer art scene
*Computer graphics
*Computer music
*Digital illustration
*EVA Conferences (Electronic Visualisation and the Arts)

External links

* [http://www.geniomax.com/ruben/ R A M]
* [http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~infoarts/links/wilson.artlinks2.html Stephen Wilson: extensive list of "information arts" links]
* [http://www.aec.at/ Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria]
* [http://subtle.net/empyre -empyre-] , a curated discussion group for media arts practice
* [http://www.interaccess.org InterAccess Electronic Media Art Centre, Toronto]
* [http://www.newarteest.com/digitalart.html newArteest] , list of prominent digital artists
* [http://www.freewaves.org/ LA Freewaves] , media arts archive from 2002 and 2004 festivals
* [http://www.artmovement.org artmovement.org] an art project in the internet
* [http://www.file.org.br File electronic language international festival]
* [https://wiki.brown.edu/confluence/x/Wkg New Media Art book (wiki edition)]
* [http://www.gilles-roussi.com/ Gilles Roussi website]
* [http://www.leonardo.info Leonardo/The International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology]

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