William Charles Macready

William Charles Macready

William Charles Macready (March 3, 1793 - April 27, 1873), English actor, was born in London, and educated at Rugby.

It was his intention to go up to Oxford, but in 1809 the embarrassed affairs of his father, the lessee of several provincial theatres, called him to share the responsibilities of theatrical management. On June 7, 1810 he made a successful first appearance as Romeo at Birmingham. Other Shakespearian parts followed, but a serious rupture between father and son resulted in the young man's departure for Bath in 1814. Here he remained for two years, with occasional professional visits to other provincial towns.

On September 16, 1816, Macready made his first London appearance at Covent Garden as Orestes in "The Distressed Mother", a translation of Racine's "Andromaque" by Ambrose Philips. Macready's choice of characters was at first confined chiefly to the romantic drama. In 1818 he won a permanent success in Isaac Pocock's (1782-1835) adaptation of Scott's "Rob Roy". He showed his capacity for the highest tragedy when he played "Richard III" at Covent Garden on October 25, 1819.

Transferring his services to Drury Lane, he gradually rose in public favor, his most conspicuous success being in the title-role of Sheridan Knowles's "William Tell" (May 11, 1825). In 1826 he completed a successful engagement in the United States, and in 1828 his performances met with a very flattering reception in Paris. On December 15, 1830 he appeared at Drury Lane as Werner, one of his most powerful impersonations. In 1833 he played in "Antony and Cleopatra", in Byron's "Sardanapalus", and in "King Lear". He was responsible, in 1834, and more fully in 1838, for returning the text of "King Lear" to the Shakespeare's text (although in a shortened version), after it had been replaced for more than a hundred and fifty years by Tate's happy-ending adaptation, "The History of King Lear". [Grace Ioppolo: "William Shakespeare's King Lear: A Sourcebook". London, Routledge, 2003, p. 69.]

Already Macready had done something to encourage the creation of a modern English drama, and after entering on the management of Covent Garden in 1837 he introduced Robert Brownings Strafford, and in the following year Bulwer's "Lady of Lyons and Richelieu", the principal characters in which were among his most effective parts. On June 10, 1838 he gave a memorable performance of "Henry V", for which Stanfield prepared sketches, and the mounting was superintended by Bulwer, Dickens, Forster, Maclise, WJ Fox and other friends.

The first production of Bulwer's "Money" took place under the artistic direction of Count d'Orsay on December 8, 1840, Macready winning unmistakable success in the character of Alfred Evelyn. Both in his management of Covent Garden, which he resigned in 1839, and of Drury Lane, which he held from 1841 to 1843, he found his designs for the elevation of the stage frustrated by the absence of adequate public support. In 1843 he staged "Cymbeline". In 1843-1844 he made a prosperous tour in the United States, but his last visit to that country, in 1849, was marred by a riot at the Astor Opera House, New York, arising from the jealousy of the actor Edwin Forrest, and resulting in the death of twenty-three persons and the further injuring of one hundred, who were shot by the militia called out to quell the disturbance. Macready was playing Macbeth at the time of the riot, a fact which added to the ominous reputation of that play.

Macready took leave of the stage in a farewell performance of Macbeth at Drury Lane on February 26, 1851. The remainder of his life was spent in happy retirement, and he died at Cheltenham on 27 April 1873. He had married, in 1823, Catherine Frances Atkins (d. 1852). Of a numerous family of children only one son and one daughter survived. In 1860 he married Cecile Louise Frederica Spencer (1827-1908), by whom he had a son.

Macready's performances always displayed fine artistic perceptions developed to a high degree of perfection by very comprehensive culture, and even his least successful personal turns had the interest resulting from thorough intellectual study. He belonged to the school of Kean rather than of Kemble; but, if his tastes were better disciplined and in some respects more refined than those of Kean, his natural temperament did not permit him to give proper effect to the great tragic parts of Shakespeare, "King Lear" perhaps excepted, which afforded scope for his pathos and tenderness, the qualities in which he specially excelled. With the exception of a voice of good compass and capable of very varied expression, Macready had no especial physical gifts for acting, but the defects of his face and figure cannot be said to have materially affected his success.

See Macready's "Reminiscences", edited by Sir Frederick Pollock, 2 vols. (1875); "William Charles Macready", by William Archer (1890).

Macready's son was General Sir Nevil Macready, a distinguished British Army officer. The actor George Macready claimed to be a descendant.


* Pollock (editor), "Reminiscences, and Selections from his Diaries and Letters", (London and New York, 1875)
* Lady Pollock, "Macready as I Knew him" (London, 1884)
* Archer, "William Charles Macready" (London, 1890)
* Baker, "English Actors from Shakespeare to Macready" (New York, 1879)
* Lewes, "On Actors and the Art of Acting" (London, 1875; New York, 1878)
* Marston, "Our Recent Actors" (London, 1890)

External links

* [http://www.bris.ac.uk/theatrecollection/bristol.html Bristol theatre archives at the University of Bristol Theatre Collection] , University of Bristol----


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