Gene bank

Gene bank

Gene banks are a means of preserving genetic material, be it plant or animal. In plants, this could be freezing cuts from the plant, or the seeds themselves. In animals, this is the freezing of sperm and eggs in zoological freezers until further need. In plants, it is possible to unfreeze the material and propigate it, however, in animals, a living female is required for artificial insemination. While it is often difficult to utilize frozen animal sperm and eggs, there are many examples of it being done successfully.

In an effort to conserve Agricultural biodiversity, gene banks are used to store and conserve the plant genetic resources of major crop plants and their crop wild relatives. There are many gene banks all over the world, with the Svalbard Global Seed Vault being probably the most famous one.

External links

* [http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Themes/Genebanks/index.asp Genebanks]
* [http://igb.agri.gov.il/ Israel Gene Bank]
* [http://www.ecpgr.cgiar.org/AEGIS/AEGIS_home.htm A European Genebank Integrated System]

Multimedia

* [http://www.diverseeds.eu/uploads/media/Diverseeds_Genebank_Israel.mp4 Short DIVERSEEDS video about the Israeli Gene Bank]

Other References

* cite book
author=Ellis, R.H., T.D. Hong and E.H. Roberts
date=1985
title=Handbook of Seed Technology for Genebanks Vol. II: Compendium of Specific Germination Information and Test Recommendations
publisher=IBPGR (now Bioversity International). Rome, Italy
url=http://www.bioversityinternational.org/publications/Web%5Fversion/52/

* cite book
author= Engels, J.M.M. and L. Visser, editors.
date=2003
title=A Guide to Effective Management of Germplasm Collections
publisher= CABI, IFPRI, IPGRI, SGRP
url=http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Publications/pubfile.asp?ID_PUB=899
174 p.
* cite book
author=Kameswara, N., J. Hanson, M. E. Dulloo, K. Ghosh, A. Nowell and M. Larinde.
date=2006
title=Manual of Seed Handling in Genebanks
publisher=Bioversity International, CTA (Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation), FAO, ILRI
url=http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Publications/pubfile.asp?ID_PUB=1167
147 p.
* cite book
author= Koo, B., Pardey, P. G., Wright, B. D., et al.
date=2004
title=Saving Seeds
publisher= CABI, IFPRI, IPGRI, SGRP
url=http://www.bioversityinternational.org/Publications/1013/default.asp


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