Gene bank

Gene bank

Gene banks are a means of preserving genetic material, be it plant or animal. In plants, this could be freezing cuts from the plant, or the seeds themselves. In animals, this is the freezing of sperm and eggs in zoological freezers until further need. In plants, it is possible to unfreeze the material and propigate it, however, in animals, a living female is required for artificial insemination. While it is often difficult to utilize frozen animal sperm and eggs, there are many examples of it being done successfully.

In an effort to conserve Agricultural biodiversity, gene banks are used to store and conserve the plant genetic resources of major crop plants and their crop wild relatives. There are many gene banks all over the world, with the Svalbard Global Seed Vault being probably the most famous one.

External links

* [ Genebanks]
* [ Israel Gene Bank]
* [ A European Genebank Integrated System]


* [ Short DIVERSEEDS video about the Israeli Gene Bank]

Other References

* cite book
author=Ellis, R.H., T.D. Hong and E.H. Roberts
title=Handbook of Seed Technology for Genebanks Vol. II: Compendium of Specific Germination Information and Test Recommendations
publisher=IBPGR (now Bioversity International). Rome, Italy

* cite book
author= Engels, J.M.M. and L. Visser, editors.
title=A Guide to Effective Management of Germplasm Collections
174 p.
* cite book
author=Kameswara, N., J. Hanson, M. E. Dulloo, K. Ghosh, A. Nowell and M. Larinde.
title=Manual of Seed Handling in Genebanks
publisher=Bioversity International, CTA (Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation), FAO, ILRI
147 p.
* cite book
author= Koo, B., Pardey, P. G., Wright, B. D., et al.
title=Saving Seeds

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • gene bank — gene bank. = genomic library (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • gene bank — gene bank. См. банк генов. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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  • gene bank — /ˈdʒin bæŋk/ (say jeen bangk) noun a repository for preserving genetic material …  

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  • field gene bank — See: gene bank (2) …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Gene library — A gene library is a population of organisms, each of which carries a DNA molecule that was inserted into a cloning vector. Ideally, all of the cloned DNA molecules represent the entire genome of the organism. A gene library is also called gene… …   Wikipedia

  • Bank (disambiguation) — A bank is a financial institution.Bank may also refer to:In natural geography: * Bank (sea floor), a shallow area in a body of water **Georges Bank, near the US state of Massachusetts **Grand Banks, off the coast of Newfoundland **Great Chagos… …   Wikipedia

  • bank — See: gene bank …   Glossary of Biotechnology

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