Coffee rust

Coffee rust

Coffee rust, or coffee leaf rust, is a devastating disease which attacks coffee plants, often leading to the loss of entire crops and plantations. It is caused by "Hemileia vastatrix", one of the rust fungi. Historically found in coffee-growing areas of Africa, the Near East, India, Asia, and Australia, the disease was discovered in 1970 to be widespread in Brazil, marking the first known spread to the Western Hemisphere.

The disease was first reported in Kenya in 1861. By 1869 it had spread to Sri Lanka, and by the 1920s it was widely found across much of Africa and Asia. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, coffee rust did serious damage to the coffee plantations of Sri Lanka, Philippines, Java and Malaya. This led to increased cultivation of alternative crops, notably tea in Sri Lanka, and rubber in all three places.

External links

* [ Coffee Research Institute: Coffee rust]
* [ University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Coffee rust]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • coffee rust — ▪ disease       the most devastating disease of coffee plants, caused by the fungus Hemileia vastatrix. Long known in coffee growing areas of Africa, the Near East, India, Asia, and Australasia, rust was discovered in 1970 to be widespread in… …   Universalium

  • Coffee production in India — Coffee forests in India Coffee plantation in India …   Wikipedia

  • Coffee in Indonesia — Coffee being roasted at Toko Aroma, Bandung, Indonesia Indonesia is currently the fourth largest producer of coffee in the world. Coffee in Indonesia began with its colonial history, and has played an important part in the growth of the country.… …   Wikipedia

  • Coffee production in Indonesia — An old man is peeling coffee near megalithic stones at Bena, Ngada, Flores Indonesia produced 420,000 metric tons of coffee in 2007. Of this total, 271,000 tons were exported and 148,000 …   Wikipedia

  • coffee production — ▪ plant genus       cultivation of the coffee plant, usually done in large commercial operations. The plant, a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree of African origin (genus Coffea, family Rubiaceae), is grown for its seeds, or beans, which are… …   Universalium

  • Coffee production in Papua New Guinea — Papua New Guinea raw arabica coffee beans Coffee production in Papua New Guinea accounts for approximately 1% of world production according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).[1] After …   Wikipedia

  • rust — /rust/, n. 1. Also called iron rust. the red or orange coating that forms on the surface of iron when exposed to air and moisture, consisting chiefly of ferric hydroxide and ferric oxide formed by oxidation. 2. any film or coating on metal caused …   Universalium

  • Coffee production in Haiti — Coffee has been a staple of the Caribbean nation of Haiti since its initial colonization by France in the 17th century. Alongside sugar and tobacco, it has long formed the backbone of Haiti s economy. Today, similar to many other Caribbean… …   Wikipedia

  • Coffee (color) — Coffee beans before roasting Coffee …   Wikipedia

  • Coffee — This article is about the beverage. For the bean it is made from, see Coffee bean. For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). Coffee A cup of black coffee Type Hot Country of origin …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”