name = Wikibooks
url = [http://www.wikibooks.org/ www.wikibooks.org]
commercial = No
type = Textbooks wiki
language = multilingual
registration = Optional
slogan = Think free. Learn free.
Jimmy WalesFact|date=April 2008 and the Wikimedia Community
launch date = July 10, 2003
Wikibooks (previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks) is a
Wikimedia Foundation wikifor the creation of free contentthat anyone can edit.
Wikibooks was launched on July 10, 2003, in response to a request made by
Wikipediacontributor Karl Wick for a project to host and build free textbooks on subjects such as organic chemistryand physics. Two major sub-projects Wikijuniorand Wikiversitywere created within Wikibooks before Wikibooks' official policy was later changed so that future incubator type projects are started according to the Wikimedia Foundation's . In August 2006, Wikiversity became an independent Wikimedia Foundation project.
Wikijunior is a subproject of Wikibooks that specializes in books for children. The project consists of both a magazine and a website, and is currently being developed in English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Spanish. It is funded by a grant from the Beck Foundation.
While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is covered by the
GNU Free Documentation License. This means that, as with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the copyleftlicensing ensures that the content will always remain freely distributable and reproducible.
Wikibooks differs from
Wikisourcein that content on Wikibooks is expected to be significantly changed by participants. Raw source documents such as the original text of Shakespearean plays are hosted on Wikisource instead.
The project is working towards completion of several textbooks in numerous
human languages, which founders hope will be followed by mainstream adoption and use of text developed and housed there.
Wikibooks has many incomplete texts, and even the comprehensive texts (books rated at the highest level) are of poor qualityFact|date=October 2008. The wiki model encourages the creation of abortive book projects that linger indefinitely without being improved or deletedFact|date=October 2008, and it can be extremely hard for a visitor of the Wikibooks site to find any high-qualityFact|date=February 2007, completed books. Wikibooks also inherits all the criticisms levelled towards wiki-process editing in general.
The counter arguments to these criticisms are that Wikibooks content is available for almost continuous peer review, and thanks to the wiki-style editing, this project also inherits all of the strengths of wikis. For popular titles and items that gather interest from several participants, the quality of the content tends to improve rapidlyFact|date=October 2008. Noted books that have achieved this are all highly technical booksFact|date=October 2007, especially related to computers and the Internet, as well as linguistic booksFact|date=October 2008 related to (human) language learning.
* [http://www.mymcat.com MyMCAT] - a not-for-profit site for students preparing for the
wikiHow- a for-profit site with a collection of how-to guides
Digital library(or Virtual library)
Open Content Alliance
The European Library
* [http://www.wikibooks.org/ Wikibooks' multilingual portal]
* [http://news.com.com/Wikibooks+takes+on+textbook+industry/2100-1025_3-5884291.html Wikibooks takes on textbook industry]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.