image_width = 250px
image_caption = Yellow perch "(Perca flavescens)"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Actinopterygii
infraclassis = Teleostei
subdivision_ranks = Superorders
subdivision =












Teleostei is one of three infraclasses in class Actinopterygii, the ray-finned fishes. This diverse group, which arose in the Triassic period cite book | last = Palmer | first = Douglas | title = The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs & Prehistoric animals | publisher = Marshall Editions Developments Ltd | year = 1999 | location = London | id = ISBN 3-8290-6747-X] , includes 20,000 extant species in about 40 orders. The other two infraclasses, Holostei and Chondrostei, are paraphyletic.cite book | last = Benton | first = Michael J. | title = Vertebrate Paleontology | publisher = Chapman & Hall | year = 1990 | location = London | id = ISBN 0-412-54010-X]

On the basis of biomass as well as of species count, teleosts are the typical vertebrates, and all other vertebrates are exceptions to the teleost rule.Fact|date=February 2008 See Actinopterygii for a complete list of orders.


Teleosts have a movable maxilla and premaxilla and corresponding modifications in the jaw musculature. These modifications make it possible for teleosts to protrude their jaws outwards from the mouth. [cite web | title = Telostei | url = | publisher = Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley | author = Ben Waggoner | date = 1995-07-17 | accessdate = 2006-06-08 ] The caudal fin is homocercal, meaning the upper and lower lobes are about equal in size. The spine ends at the caudal peduncle, distinguishing this group from those in which the spine extends into the upper lobe of the caudal fin.

ystematics and evolution

The first fossils of teleosts date back to early Triassic. Teleosts are usually divided into twelve superorders:
* Superorder Osteoglossomorpha
** Order Osteoglossiformes, "the bony-tongued fishes"
** Order Hiodontiformes, "including the mooneye and goldeye"
* Superorder Elopomorpha
** Order Elopiformes, "including the ladyfishes and tarpon"
** Order Albuliformes, "the bonefishes"
** Order Notacanthiformes, "including the halosaurs and spiny eels"
** Order Anguilliformes, "the true eels and gulpers"
** Order Saccopharyngiformes, "including the gulper eel"
* Superorder Clupeomorpha
** Order Clupeiformes, "including herrings and anchovies"
* Superorder Ostariophysi
** Order Gonorynchiformes, "including the milkfishes"
** Order Cypriniformes, "including barbs, carp, danios, goldfishes, loaches, minnows, rasboras"
** Order Characiformes, "including characins, pencilfishes, hatchetfishes, piranhas, tetras."
** Order Gymnotiformes, "including electric eels and knifefishes"
** Order Siluriformes, "the catfishes"
* Superorder Protacanthopterygii
** Order Salmoniformes, "including salmon and trout"
** Order Esociformes "the pike"
** Order Osmeriformes, "including the smelts and galaxiids"
* Superorder Stenopterygii
** Order Ateleopodiformes, "the jellynose fish"
** Order Stomiiformes, "including the bristlemouths and marine hatchetfishes"
* Superorder Cyclosquamata
** Order Aulopiformes, "including the Bombay duck and lancetfishes"
* Superorder Scopelomorpha
** Order Myctophiformes, "including the lanternfishes"
* Superorder Lampridiomorpha
** Order Lampriformes, "including the oarfish, opah and ribbonfishes"
* Superorder Polymyxiomorpha
** Order Polymixiiformes, "the beardfishes"
* Superorder Paracanthopterygii
** Order Percopsiformes, "including the cavefishes and trout-perches"
** Order Batrachoidiformes, "the toadfishes"
** Order Lophiiformes, "including the anglerfishes"
** Order Gadiformes, "including cods"
** Order Ophidiiformes, "including the pearlfishes"
* Superorder Acanthopterygii
** Order Mugiliformes, "the mullets"
** Order Atheriniformes, "including silversides and rainbowfishes"
** Order Beloniformes, "including the flyingfishes"
** Order Cetomimiformes, "the whalefishes"
** Order Cyprinodontiformes, "including livebearers, killifishes"
** Order Stephanoberyciformes, "including the ridgeheads"*** Order Beryciformes, "including the fangtooths and pineconefishes"
** Order Zeiformes, "including the dories"
** Order Gobiesociformes, "the clingfishes" [In ITIS, Gobiesociformes is placed as the suborder Gobiesocoidei of the order Perciformes.]
** Order Gasterosteiformes "including sticklebacks, pipefishes, seahorses"
** Order Syngnathiformes, "including the seahorses and pipefishes" [In ITIS, Syngnathiformes is placed as the suborder Syngnathoidei of the order Gasterosteiformes.]
** Order Synbranchiformes, "including the swamp eels"
** Order Tetraodontiformes, "including the filefishes and pufferfish"
** Order Pleuronectiformes, "the flatfishes"
** Order Scorpaeniformes, "including scorpionfishes and the sculpins"
** Order Perciformes "40% of all fish including anabantids, bass, cichlids, gobies, gouramis, mackerel, perches, scats, whiting, wrasses"


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  • Teleostei — Te le*os te*i, n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? complete + ? bone.] (Zo[ o]l.) A subclass of fishes including all the ordinary bony fishes as distinguished from the ganoids. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Telĕostĕi — (Knochenfische), s. Fische, S. 606 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Teleostei — noun large diverse group of bony fishes; includes most living species • Syn: ↑subclass Teleostei • Hypernyms: ↑class • Member Holonyms: ↑Osteichthyes, ↑class Osteichthyes • Member Meronym …   Useful english dictionary

  • Teleostei (classification phylogenetique) — Teleostei (classification phylogénétique) Cette page a pour objet de présenter un arbre phylogénétique des Teleostei (ou Téléostéens), c est à dire un cladogramme mettant en lumière les relations évolutives complexes (relations groupes ancestraux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Teleostei (classification phylogénétique) — Cette page a pour objet de présenter un arbre phylogénétique des Teleostei (Téléostéens), c est à dire un cladogramme mettant en lumière les relations de parenté existant entre leurs différents groupes (ou taxa), telles que les dernières analyses …   Wikipédia en Français

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