- Bass (fish)
Bass (pronEng|ˈbæs) is a name shared by many different species of popular
gamefish. The term encompasses both freshwater and marine species, many of which are native to North Americaand surrounding waters. All belong to the large order Perciformes, or perch-like fishes, and in fact the word "bass" comes from Middle English "bars", meaning "perch." [cite web | url=http://www.bartleby.com/61/51/B0105100.html | title=Bass1 | work=American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition] These are some of the best known species of bass:
*The temperate basses, such as the
striped bass("Morone saxatilis") and white bass("M. chrysops"), belonging to the family Moronidae.
*The black basses, such as the
largemouth bass("Micropterus salmoides"), smallmouth bass("M. dolomieu"), spotted bass("M. punctulatus"), and Guadalupe bass("M. treculii"), belonging to the sunfish family, Centrarchidae.
Many other species are also known as basses, [cite web | url = http://www.fishbase.org/ComNames/CommonNameSearchList.php?CommonName=bass | title = List of Common Names with bass | publisher =
FishBase| accessdaymonth = 6 June | accessyear = 2006] including:
Australian bass, "Macquaria novemaculeata", a member of the temperate perch family, Percichthyidae.
black sea bass, "Centropristis striata", a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family, Serranidae.
giant sea bass"Stereolepis gigas", also known as the black sea bass, a member of the wreckfish family, Polyprionidae.
Chilean sea bass, "Dissostichus eleginoides", more commonly known as the Patagonian toothfish, a member of the cod icefish family, Nototheniidae.
European seabass, "Dicentrarchus labrax", a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
Largemouth bass, " Micropterus salmoides", a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
Smallmouth bass, " Micropterus dolomieui", a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
Striped bass, " Morone saxatilis", a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
Spotted bass, " Micropterus punctulatus", a member of the sunfish family Centrarchidae.
Name in other languages
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