- Variety show
A variety show or variety entertainment is an entertainment made up of a variety of acts, especially
musical performances and comedy skits, and normally introduced by a compère or host. The variety format made its way from Victorian erastage to radioto television. Variety shows were a staple of English-language television from its early days into the 1970s, and lasted into the 1980s, but are now reduced to the level of the occasional special. In several parts of the world, variety TV remains popular and widespread.
The format is basically that of
music hallin the UK or vaudevillein the U.S. Variety in the UK evolved in theatres and music halls, and later in Working Men's Clubs. Most of the early top performers on British television and radio did an apprenticeship either in stage variety, or during World War IIin Entertainments National Service Association(ENSA). In the UK, the ultimate accolade for a variety artist for decades was to be asked to do the annual Royal Command Performanceat the London Palladiumtheatre, in front of the monarch.
In the U.S., former
vaudevilleperformers such as the Marx Brothers, George Burnsand Gracie Allen, W. C. Fields, and Jack Bennymoved to sound movies, then radio, and then television, including variety shows. In the 1960s, even a popular rock band such as The Beatlesundertook this ritual of appearing on variety shows on TV. In the US, shows featuring Milton Berle, Jackie Gleason, Bob Hope, and Dean Martinalso helped to make the Golden Age of Televisionsuccessful.
From 1948 to 1971, "
The Ed Sullivan Show" was one of CBS's most popular series. Using his no-nonsense approach, Ed Sullivanallowed every known act possible from every known medium to get their "fifteen minutes of fame." Sullivan was also partially responsible for bringing Elvis Presleyand The Beatlesto U.S. prominence.
ABC-TV aired "The Hollywood Palace", an hour-long show broadcast weekly (generally on Saturday night) from January 4, 1964 to February 7, 1970, where the
Rolling Stonesfirst appeared on American TV.
In the UK "
The Good Old Days", which ran from 1953 to 1983, featured modern artists performing dressed in late Victorian/Early Edwardian costume, either doing their own act or performing as a music hall artist of that period. The audience was also encouraged to dress in period costume in a similar fashion.
On television, variety reached its peak during the period of the 1960s and 1970s. With a turn of the television dial, viewers around the globe could variously have seen shows featuring
Andy Williams, Julie Andrews, The Carpenters, Olivia Newton-John, Lynda Carter, Johnny Cash, Sonny and Cher, Bob Monkhouse, Carol Burnett, Rod Hull and Emu, Flip Wilson, Dinah Shore, Lawrence Welk, Glen Campbell, Donny & Marie, Barbara Mandrell, Judy Garland, The Captain & Tennille, The Jacksons, Bobby Darin, Sammy Davis Jr., Mary Tyler Moore, Tony Orlando and Dawn, The Smothers Brothers, Danny Kaye, Buck and Roy, Roy Hudd, Billy Dainty Max Wallor The Muppet Show. Variety shows were once as common on television as Westerns, courtroom dramas, suspense thrillers, sitcoms, or (in more modern times) reality shows.
During the 1960s and 70s, there were also several one-time variety specials, featuring stars such as
Shirley MacLaine, Frank Sinatra, or Mitzi Gaynor, none of whom ever had a regular television series.
Contemporary U.S. variety shows
The last major network attempt at a traditional variety show was "Dolly" (starring
Dolly Parton), which ran on ABC during the 1987-88 season. By that time, the format had fallen out of fashion (due largely to changing tastes and the advent of MTV), and the series was cancelled after only one season.
A contemporary version of the variety show format,
NBC's " Saturday Night Live", which made its debut in 1975, is still airing today, with its combination of comedy sketches and musical performances, but "Saturday Night Live" places most of its emphasis on comedy (especially parodyand satire), while earlier variety shows placed most of their emphasis on music.
In 2004, ABC's "The Nick and Jessica Variety Hour" attempted to revive the prime-time variety hour as a special for today's generation. The first show was a ratings success, and it was followed by "Nick & Jessica's Family Christmas" in early December of that year.
Scouting Gang Showperformed principally by young people 18 years of age and under in many locations around the world is an example of a variety show format that has endured for over seventy years.
prime timevariety show format was popular in the early decades of Australian television, spawning such series as " In Melbourne Tonight", " The Graham Kennedy Show", "The Don Lane Show", and " Hey Hey It's Saturday", which ran for 27 years. Recent prime time variety shows include the short lived " Micallef Tonight" and " The Sideshow".
Since 1962, the
Spanish-languagevariety show known as " Sábado Gigante" has been hosted by Don Francisco. It is currently broadcast by Univisionon Saturday evenings.
The first Chinese variety show to become a major success was
Hong Kong's " Enjoy Yourself Tonight", which first aired in 1967 and ran for 27 years.
Another of today's variety shows in
Asiais Taiwan's " Variety Big Brother". Taiwanese variety shows are infamous for their constant use of artificial laugh tracks even though there is a studio audience. However, the most popular variety program would have to be the long-running "Super Sunday", known for it's fast-paced style and catchphrases.
Philippines, the longest-running variety show " Eat Bulaga" still airs up to this day on GMA Network. The show was first broadcast in 1979, originally on RPN channel 9.
television specials continue to resemble the variety show format to this day.
Japanese variety show
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