Peter the Fuller

Peter the Fuller

Peter Fullo ("the Fuller") was Patriarch of Antioch (471 - 488) and Monophysite.

Peter received his surname from his former trade as a fuller of cloth. Tillemont ("Empereurs", tome vi. p. 404) considers that Peter was originally a member of the convent of the Akoimetoi, which he places in Bithynia on the Asiatic side of the Bosphorus, at Gomon, "The Great Monastery" and being expelled thence for his behavior and heretical doctrine, passed over to Constantinople, where he courted persons of influence, through whom he was introduced to Zeno, the son-in-law of Leo I(457-474) and future emperor (474-491), whose favor he secured, obtaining through him the chief place in the church of St. Bassa, at Chalcedon. Here his Monophysite beliefs quickly became apparent, resulting with his flight to Zeno, who was then setting out for Antioch as commander of the East (Magister Militum per Orientem).

Arriving at Antioch 463, Peter greatly desired the patriarchal throne, then filled by Martyrius. He quickly befriended the populace, with whom he raised suspicions against Martyrius as a concealed Nestorian, thus causing Martyrius' tumultuous expulsion and his own election to the throne. Theodorus Lector dates this to 469 or 470.

When established as patriarch, Peter at once declared himself openly against the Council of Chalcedon, and added to the Trisagion the words "Who was crucified for us," which he imposed as a test upon all in his patriarchate, anathematizing those who declined to accept it. According to the Synodicon, he summoned a council at Antioch to give synodical authority to this novel clause (Labbe, iv. 1009). The deposed Martyrius went to Constantinople to complain to the Emperor Leo, by whom, through the influence of the Patriarch Gennadius, he was courteously received; a council of bishops found in his favor, and his restoration was decreed (Theodorus Lector p. 554). But despite the imperial authority, Peter's personal influence, supported by the favour of Zeno, was so great in Antioch that Martyrius's position was rendered intolerable and he soon left Antioch, abandoning his throne again to the intruder. Leo was naturally indignant at this audacious disregard of his commands, and he despatched an imperial decree for the deposition of Peter and his banishment to the Oasis (Labbe, iv. 1082).

According to Theodorus Lector, Peter fled, and Julian was unanimously elected bishop in his place (471), holding the see until Peter's third restoration by Emperor Basiliscus in 476 (Theophanes p. 99). During the interval Peter dwelt at Constantinople, in retirement in the monastery of the Acoimetae, allowed to reside there in return for a pledge that he would not create further disturbances (Theophanes p.104). During the short reign of Basiliscus (Oct. 475-June 477) the fortunes of Peter revived. Under the influence of his wife, Basiliscus declared for the Monophysites, recalled Timothy Aelurus, Patriarch of Alexandria, from exile, and by his persuasion issued an encyclical letter to the bishops calling them to anathematize the decrees of Chalcedon (Evagr. H. E. iii. 4). Peter gladly complied, and was rewarded by a third restoration to the see of Antioch, 476 (ib. 5). Julian was deposed, dying not long after.

On his restoration Peter enforced the addition to the Trisagion, and behaved with great violence to the orthodox party, crushing all opposition by an appeal to the mob, whom he had gained control over. Once established on the patriarchal throne, he was not slow to stretch its privileges to the widest extent, ordaining bishops and metropolitans for all Syria. The fall of Basiliscus brought the ruin of all who had supported him and been promoted by him, and Peter was one of the first to fall.

In 485 Peter again was placed on the throne of Antioch by Zeno on his signing the Henoticon (Theophanes p.115; Theodorus Lector p. 569; Evagr. H. E. iii. 16). He at once resumed his career of violence, expelling orthodox bishops who refused to sign the Henoticon and performing uncanonical ordinations, especially that of the notorious Xenaias (Philoxenus) to the see of Hierapolis (Theophanes p.115). He was condemned and anathematized by a synod of 42 Western bishops at Rome 485, and excommunicated. He retained, however, the patriarchate at Antioch till his death in 488 (or according to Theophanes, 490 or 491). One of his last acts was the unsuccessful revival of the claim of the see of Antioch to the obedience of Cyprus as part of the patriarchate, which the Council of Ephesus had removed from Antioch's supervision in 431.


* This article uses text from " [ A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., with an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies] " by Henry Wace

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter the Fuller —    Patriarch of Antioch (qq.v.) three times; he was ejected twice for his Monophysitism (q.v.). The second of his two terms (476 477; the first was 469 471) occurred during the brief reign of the usurper Basiliskos (q.v.). Zeno (q.v.) allowed him …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Peter the Fuller — (d. 488)    Patriarch and Theologian.    Peter is said to have been a monk in Constantinople. He was expelled from his monastery for his Monophysite opinions, but was appointed Patriarch of Antioch by zeno the Isaurian in 470. However, the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Fuller (surname) — Fuller is a surname referring to someone who treats cloth or leather with the process called Fulling (synonymous with Tanner) and may refer to:*Alexandra Fuller, British writer *Alfred Fuller (1885 1973), Canadian businessman *Alvan T. Fuller… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Fuller — Peter Michael Fuller (born 31st August 1947 in Damascus, Syria mdash; 1990) was a British art critic and magazine editor who was educated at Epsom College and Peterhouse, Cambridge. In the early 1970s he wrote for the radical Black Dwarf and… …   Wikipedia

  • The Golden Ass —   Title page from John Price s Latin edition of Apuleius novel Metamorphoses, or the Golden Ass …   Wikipedia

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Enemies of Reason — est un documentaire télévisé de 2007, écrit et présenté par le biologiste Richard Dawkins. D après les réalisateurs : Est il rationnel que les morts puissent communiquer avec les vivants, et leur donner des conseils sur la façon de vivre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Coleman — (William) Peter Coleman (born 15 December 1928) is an Australian writer/journalist and former politician.Coleman was born in the Melbourne suburb of Caulfield and educated at the selective North Sydney Boys High School. He graduated from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Peter — For other uses, see St. Peter (disambiguation). Saint Peter the Apostle Painting of Saint Peter by Peter Paul Rubens depicting the saint as Pope (1611 1612). Prince of the Apostles, First Pope, Martyr, Preacher …   Wikipedia

  • The Boy Next Door (novel) — The Boy Next Door is a novel written by Meg Cabot. The book was published in 2002. It is written with an e mail format throughout the book. Plot The main character in this novel is Melissa Fuller, but You can call me Mel , as she says. Mel is a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”