- Ramat Gan
Infobox Israel municipality
caption3=Diamond Exchange Compound
population=129,700citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_05&CYear=2007 |title=Sources of Population Growth |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan ( _he. רָמַת גַּן) is a city in the Tel Aviv district of
Israel, which borders Tel Avivto its west. It houses Israel's national football stadium, Bar-Ilan University, an advanced medical center ( Sheba Medical Center), and a national park. It is also the home of one of the world's major diamond exchanges, in which Israel's tallest building, the Moshe Aviv Tower, is located. The city was established in 1921 as a moshava, a communal settlement, with a focus on agriculture. After commercial and population expansion, it was declared a city in 1950, and, as of 2006, had 129,700 residents. The mayor of Ramat Gan is Zvi Bar.
Ramat Gan was established by the Ir Ganim (lit: "Town of Gardens") [citeweb |url=http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/il-rg.html |title=Ramat Gan (Israel) |accessdate=2008-04-06] association in 1921 as a satellite town of
Tel Aviv. There are varying records as to whether the first plots of land here were purchased in 1914 or 1918.citeweb |url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Society_&_Culture/geo/ramatgan.html |title=Ramat Gan |publisher= Jewish Virtual Library|accessdate=2008-04-06] The settlement was initially a moshava, a socialist-style Zionistagricultural settlement initially growing wheat, barley and watermelons. The name of the settlement was changed to Ramat Gan (lit: "Garden Heights") in 1923, a development on the Ir Ganim name. The settlement continued to operate as a moshavuntil 1933, although was recognised as a local council in 1926 by the British Mandate. At this time it had 450 residents. As the years passed, Ramat Gan shifted from an agriculture-based economy to a more commercial and urban settlement, and by 1946 had a population of 12,000.
In 1950, Ramat Gan was recognized by the nascent State of Israel as a city and by 1955 had a population of 55,000. The first mayor of the city of Ramat Gan was
Abraham Krinitziwho served in this role for 43 years. In 1961, the municipal area of Ramat Gan was expanded both westwards, to encompass the are including the Sheba Medical Centerin Tel Hashomer, and eastwards, to encompass the area around Bar Ilan University. In 1968, the world's largest diamond exchange opened in Ramat Gan.
infrastructuregrew steadily, as new structures such as Sheba Medical Center, the national stadium, Bar Ilan University, and the Diamond Exchange were developed.
Ramat Gan is located in the
Gush Dan, Tel Avivmetropolitan area to the east of Tel Aviv. The northern boundary of the city is the Yarkon River, the eastern meets with Bnei Brak, whilst Givatayimis to the south west of the city.citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/ |title=General Information |accessdate=2008-04-06 |publisher=Ramat Gan Municipality] Ramat Gan experiences an average of 500 mm of rainfall per year and is located, on average 80 meters above sea level. It is built on limestone hills. [citeweb |url=http://miamibeachsistercities.com/ramatgan.htm |title=Ramat Gan |accessdate=2008-04-06] The name, Ramat Gan, means Garden Heights, and as such the city has a number of gardens and parks including The National Park which covers some 1,900 dunams, and David Park in the Marom Navehneighborhood.citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Parks/ |title=Parks & Safari |accessdate=2008-04-06] 25% of Ramat Gan is covered by public parkland. A 2007 survey announced Ramat Gan as the second most tranquil region in the Gush Dan area, just 234 votes behind Ramat Hasharon.
Ramat Gan is made up of the following neighborhoods: City Center, Nachalat Ganim, Kiryat Krinitzi, Ramat Shikma, Ramat Itzahk, Shuchnat Rishonim, Tel Yehuda, Giva'at Geula, Neve Yehoshua, Kiryat Borchov, Marom Naveh, Ramat Amidar, Ramat Chen, Shikun Vatikim, Shchunat Hillel, Elite and Diamond Exchange District and Tel Binyamin.
As of 2006, Ramat Gan had 129,700 residents, on an area of 12,000
dunams (12 km²). The population was growing at a rate of 1.0% per annum with 90% of this growth coming through natural increase. The population densityof the city is 9,822.6 per square kilometer, one of the highest in Israel.citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_15&CYear=2007 |title=Population Densities |accessdate=2008-04-06] In terms of the origin of Ramat Gan's residents, 42,900 originate from Europe and America, 10,200 from Africa, 29,200 from Asia, and 40,600 from Israel.citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_23x&CYear=2007 |title=Origins |accessdate=2008-04-06] 86,200 of the residents of Ramat Gan were born in Israel, whilst 36,600 were born abroad.
Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, as of 2001, Ramat Gan's socioeconomicranking stood at 8 out of 10 (high). 70.9% of twelfth grade students received a matriculationcertificate in 2000. In that year, the average wages in Ramat Gan were 6,995 NIS. As of 2006, 32,100 of the city's households had people who were not in the labour force, with 23,300 of these retired.citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st05_18x&CYear=2007 |title=Labour Force Characteristics |accessdate=2008-04-06] 1,900 of the households had unemployedwithin them. 43,000 households were fully employed. The largest sectors of jobs for those in employment in Ramat Gan were business activities accounting for 18.1% of jobs, education, 15.1%, wholesale and retail trade, and repairs, 14.2%, manufacturing 10.8%, and health, welfare and social work services, 10.0%. [citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st12_14x&CYear=2007 |title=Industry of employment |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan has 130 synagogues as well as two
Yeshivas. [citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/Our+Faith/ |title=Faith |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan's economy is most notable for the
Diamond Exchange Districtin the northwest of the city, home to a large concentration of skyscrapers, including Moshe Aviv Tower(City Gate), Israel's tallest at over 240 meters, the Diamond Exchange (a world leader in fancy-cut diamonds), a large Sheraton hotel, and many high-techbusinesses including the headquarters of Checkpoint. The area was formerly a nightly center of prostitutionand unlawful gambling, but in 2006, following a new law [ [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3316286,00.html Knesset approves harsh punishments for human trade - Israel News, Ynetnews ] ] , the police detained criminals related to prostitution and sex trafficking, and these activities disappeared. [cite web|url=http://news.walla.co.il/?w=//1007942|title=Decline in Human Trafficking for Prostitution|publisher= Walla!lang he] Also located in the Diamond Exchange District is the State Bank of India's Israeli headquarters and the headquarters of the Israel Mizrachi Bank, whilst the embassies of Ghana, Kenya, the Ivory Coast, Jordan, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and the European Economic Community, are located in the area. [cite news|url=http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1207159749133&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull |title=Diamond Exchange Area turns into luxury residential spot |accessdate=2008-04-06 |publisher=Jerusalem Post] A number of other international embassies are also located in the city, as is the British Council. Also headquartered in the city is the Histadruttrade union. Located to the south of Ramat Gan is the Hiriya, the largest waste dump in the Middle East.
Ramat Gan is also an important center for industry and manufacturing with major fruit and vegetable canning plants, textile mills, metal production plants, electrical manufacturers, furniture makers, and food producers based here. [citeweb |url=http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761565219/ramat_gan.html |title=Ramat Gan |publisher=Encarta |accessdate=2008-04-06]
In 2008, construction is expected to begin on the
Elite Tower, set to exceed the City Gate Tower in height, to be constructed on the site of the historic Elite Candyfactory. As a tribute to the history of the site, the lower floors of the tower are planned to house a chocolate museum. [ [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3225729,00.html Trump to build projects in Israel - Israel Money, Ynetnews ] ] The tower is set to contain luxury apartments, with an average price tag of $1 million each.
As of the end of 2006, Ramat Gan had three hotels, with a total of 408 rooms with 150,000 person-nights over the year representing 64% room occupancy. [citeweb |url=http://www.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st23_11&CYear=2007 |title=Statistical Abstract of Israel 2007 - No. 58 Subject 23 - Table No. 11 | name=Hotels |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan is home to a number of theaters including the
Ramat Gan Theater, The Diamond Theater, and the The Russell Cultural Center. Furthermore, the Beit Zvi School of Performing Artsis based in the city and performs regularly. Ramat Gan has two cinemas, the Lev-Elram Cinema and the "Yes Planet" megaplex.citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Theater+and+Cinema/ |title=Theatre & Cinema |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan has a number of museums. The history of the city is told in Beit Abraham Krinizi, the home of the first mayor of the city,
Abraham Krinizi, whilst the Harry Oppenheimer Diamond Museumtells the story of the Israeli diamond industry.cite web|url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Museums/|title=Museums & Fine Art |accessdate=2008-04-06] Man and the Living World Museumis a natural history museum, whilst the Maccabi Museumis a history of Jewish sports activity since 1898. The city is also the location of the Zoological Center of Tel Aviv-Ramat Gan, a convert|250|acre|km2|sing=on zoo with some 1,600 animals. It contains the largest animal collection in the Middle East.
Museum of Israeli Artis the only gallery in Israel dedicated solely to Israeli artwork, whilst the adjoining Kiryat Omanuthouses the converted homes of the artists, Kahana, Constant and Nathan Rapoport. Constant House is a sculpture gallery, Kahana House a ceramics studio of ceramics, and Rapoport House the permanent home of the artist's sculptures. Other galleries in the city include the Museum of Russian Art, Museum of Jewish Art, and the Yehiel Nahari Museum of Far Eastern Art, the only gallery in Israel dedicated to Far Eastern artwork.
The city includes
Kfar HaMaccabiahwhere the Maccabiah Games, the Jewish Olympics, are held every 4 years. The city is also the location of the Ramat Gan Stadium, Israel's national football stadium which seats some 41,583 and is the largest stadium in the country.
Hakoah Amidar Ramat Gan (based at the
Winter Stadium) and Hapoel Ramat Gan (based at the HaMakhtesh Stadiumin neighbouring Giv'atayim) are the city's main football clubs, both having won the championship at some point in their history. Beitar Ramat Gan and Shikun Vatikim Ramat Gan both play in the South A Division of Liga Bet, the fifth tier. The now-defunct clubs Maccabi Ramat Gan and Maccabi Ramat Amidar were both involved in mergers which formed Hakoah Amidar.
Ironi Ramat Ganplays in Ligat HaAl, the top division.
The mayor of Ramat Gan is
Zvi Bar. The make up of the city's 25 seat City Council is: Ramat Gan First6, Labor 3, Likud3, Sun 2, Meretz3, Trufa2, SAAS2, Midal3, and Ramat Gan Different1. [citeweb |url=http://www.barnet.gov.uk/ramat-gan |title=Ramat Gan |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan is home to Israel's second largest university,
Bar-Ilan University, with 24,000 students. The city is also the location of the Shenkar College of Engineering and Design, Ramat Gan College, and Beit Zviacting college. [citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/City+Guide/Academic+Institutes/ |title=Academic Institutes |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Sheba Medical Centerlocated in southeastern Ramat Gan and Tel HaShomer, is Israel's largest hospital.cite web|url=http://www.nrg.co.il/online/16/ART1/578/331.html|accessdate=2007-09-14|author=Ayala Hurwicz|date=2007-05-07|language=Hebrew|title=Sheba - Largest Hospital in Israel] It includes the Safra Children's Hospital and Padeh Geriatric Rehabilitation Center. The city has 32 medical centers run by health authorities and 10 child-care clinics operated by the municipality.citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/About+Ramat-Gan/Medical+Services/ |title=Medical Services |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Ramat Gan has
sister cityagreements with the following towns: [citeweb |url=http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/home-page.htm |title=Ramat Gan Sister Cities |accessdate=2008-04-06]
Barnet, London, UK
* Main Kinzig District,
San Borja, Lima, Peru
Uzi Hitman, Israeli Songwriter ans Singer
Jonathan Kashanian, winner of Season Five of Grande Fratello
Etgar Keret, Israeli Author
Ilan Ramon, first Israeli astronaut, who died in the 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster
Zeev Revah, Israeli Actor
Tal Stricker, Israeli breaststroke swimmer
* [http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il/RamatGan/sister-cities/home-page.htm Ramat-Gan municipal website]
* [http://www.ramat-gan.muni.il Ramat-Gan municipal website]
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