Malcolm Knowles

Malcolm Knowles
Malcolm Shepherd Knowles
Born August 24, 1913(1913-08-24)
Livingston, Montana
Died November 27, 1997(1997-11-27) (aged 84)
Fayetteville, Arkansas
Cause of death Stroke
Nationality  United States
Education A.B., 1934
M.A., 1949
Ph.D., 1960
Alma mater Harvard University, University of Chicago
Known for andragogy, adult education
Political party Democrat[1]
Board member of Massachusetts Adult Education Association (member of governing board)
Religion Unitarian Universalist[1]
Spouse Hulda Elisabet Fornell (August 20, 1935 until his death in 1997)
Children Eric Stuart Knowles
Barbara Elisabeth Knowles Harti
Parents Albert Dixon Knowles
Marion (Straton) Knowles
Relatives a sister, Margaret K. Sterling, of Black Mountain, N.C., and five grandchildren.

Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (August 24, 1913–November 27, 1997) was an American Adult Educator, famous for the adoption of the theory of Andragogy—initially a term coined by the German teacher Alexander Kapp. Knowles is credited with being a fundamental influence in the development of the Humanist Learning Theory and the use of learner constructed contracts or plans to guide learning experiences.[3]

Born in Montana to Dr. and Mrs. A. D. Knowles, Knowles was an avid boy scout in his youth. The family moved to West Palm Beach, Florida and he graduated from Palm Beach High School in 1930. He earned a scholarship to Harvard University where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1934. Shortly afterwards, he worked with the National Youth Administration in Massachusetts and was married to Hulda Fornell whom he met while studying at Harvard. In 1940, he assumed the position of Director of Adult Education at the Boston YMCA until he was drafted into the United States Navy in 1943. In 1946, he moved to Chicago to work as the Director of Adult Education at the YMCA while working on his M.A. at the University of Chicago, which he earned in 1949. From 1951-1959 he served as executive director of the Adult Education Association of the USA and pursued his PhD at the University of Chicago. In 1959, he accepted a faculty appointment at Boston University as an associate professor of adult education with tenure. He spent 14 years there. He became a member of the faculty of Education at North Carolina State University in 1974 to complete his final four years of academic work prior to retirement. After retiring, he remained active in the field into the 1990s. He taught at Fielding Graduate University, Santa Barbara, CA (which offers degrees in clinical psychology and related subjects) and at the University of Arkansas.

He died in Fayetteville, Arkansas, of a stroke.[2]



  1. ^ a b c "Malcolm Shepherd Knowles." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Gale Biography In Context. Accessed 16 May 2011. Document URL Gale Document Number: GALE|H1000055110. Fee, via Fairfax County Public Library
  2. ^ a b Saxon, Wolfgang (December 06, 1997). "M. S. Knowles, 84, Adult Education Pioneer". New York Times. 
  3. ^ Smith, Mark K.. "Malcolm Knowles, Informal Adult Education, Self-direction and Andragogy". Encyclopedia of Informal Education. Retrieved August 13, 2011. 


During his career he authored over 230 articles and 18 books, some of which include:

See also


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malcolm Knowles — Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (24 de agosto de 1913 27 de noviembre de 1997) es un pedagogo estadounidense. Está considerado el padre de la educación para adultos y uno de los mayores defensores de la andragogía. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Teorías… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malcolm Knowles — Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (* 24. August 1913 in Montana; † 27. November 1997) war ein US amerikanischer Erwachsenenbildner (Erwachsenenbildung) bzw. Andragoge, bekannt für seinen Entwurf einer Theorie der Andragogik; ihm wird großer Einfluss auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malcolm Knowles — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Knowles. Malcolm Knowles (24 août 1913–27 novembre 1997) était un spécialiste de la théorie de l éducation, notamment de l andragogie. Il a notamment écrit les ouvrages suivants : Knowles, M. S. (1990). L… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Knowles — ( ga. Ó Tnúthghail ) is a common Irish surname, and may refer to many people.A* Alison Knowles * Anne Kelly KnowlesB* Beyoncé Knowles, R B/soul singer, actress, model, fashion designer, dancer. Older sister of Solange Knowles cousin of Kelly… …   Wikipedia

  • Knowles — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alison Knowles (* 1933), US amerikanischer Künstlerin der Fluxus Bewegung Bernard Knowles (1900–1975), britischer Kameramann und Filmregisseur Beyoncé Knowles (* 1981), US amerikanische Sängerin Charles… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Knowles —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Bernard Knowles (1900 1975), réalisateur, directeur de la photographie, producteur et scénariste britannique ; Beyoncé Knowles (née en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malcolm Harding (Archbishop of Qu'Appelle) — Malcolm Taylor McAdam Harding (1863[1] – 1949) was an Anglican bishop in the 20th century.[2] Ordained in 1889,[3] his first posts were curacies at Holy Trinity Merrickville, Ontario [4] and St. George s Cathedral, Kingston Ontario. After this he …   Wikipedia

  • Malcolm Musgrove — Personal information Full name Malcolm Clarke Musgrove Date of birth 8 July 1933( …   Wikipedia

  • Malcom Knowles — Malcolm Knowles Pour les articles homonymes, voir Knowles. Malcolm Knowles (24 août 1913–27 novembre 1997) était un spécialiste de la théorie de l éducation, notamment de l andragogie. Il a notamment écrit les ouvrages suivants : Knowles, M …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mark Knowles — For the Australian field hockey player, see Mark Knowles (field hockey). Mark Knowles Country  Bahamas …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”