- River Sheaf
The River Sheaf is a river in
Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. Its source is the union of the Totley Brookand the Old Hay Brookin Totley, now a suburb of Sheffield. It flows northwards, past Dore, through the valley called Abbeydale (so named because of Beauchief Abbey, which overlooks it) and north of Heeley. It then passes into a culvert, through which it flows under the centre of Sheffield emerging from time to time until joining the River Don near Blonk Street Bridge. This lower section of the River Sheaf together with the River Don, between the present Blonk Street and Lady's Bridges, formed two sides of the boundary of Sheffield Castle.
Until the 17th century the name "Sheaf" was written as "Scheth" or "Sheath".cite book |last=Addy |first=Sidney Oldall |title=A Glossary of Words Used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield. Including a Selection of Local Names, and Some Notices of Folk-Lore, Games, and Customs |pages=pp. xxix–xxx |year=1888 |publisher=Trubner & Co. for the English Dialect Society |location=London ] Sidney Oldall Addy equates the origins of this word with the Old English "shed" (as in "water-shed") or "sheth", which mean to divide, or separate. Historically, the Sheaf—along with its tributaries the
Meers Brookand the Limb Brook—formed part of the border separating the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Merciaand Northumbria; it remained on the border between Yorkshireand Derbyshireinto the 20th century.
The city of Sheffield derives its name from the Sheaf. The main tributaries of the Sheaf are the
Porter Brook, which joins it beneath Sheffield Midland station, and the Meers Brook. The river has been polluted upstream through centuries of industrial activity, including ironand steelworking, and is only slowly recovering. The river used to provide the power for a number of metal works, an important surviving example of which is the Grade 1-listed Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet.
A Sheaf Valley Walk is being developed that will follow the river from Granville Square out to
Millhouses Parkand beyond to the Peak District. [cite web | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Sheaf Valley Walk | work = | publisher = Sheffield City council | date = 2005-06-13 | url =http://www.sheffield.gov.uk/planning-and-city-development/environmental-planning/current--recent-projects/sheaf-valley-walk | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2006-01-11 ]
* [http://www.silentuk.com/writeups/megatron.html Pictures of the river sheaf (buried)]
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