- Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1772–1806)
Friedrich Ludwig Christian, commonly known as Louis Ferdinand (
November 18, 1772– October 10, 1806), was a princeof Prussia and a soldier in the Napoleonic Wars.
Louis Ferdinand was born in
Schloß Friedrichsfeldenear Berlin. He was a son of Prince August Ferdinand of Prussiaand a nephew of King Frederick the Great. He morganatically married the Catholic countess Marie Adelaide de la Grange. He had a son from the marriage, Theodor Friedrich Klitsche de la Grange. Ludwig von Wildenbruchwas an illegitimate son of Louis Ferdinand.
Louis Ferdinand was one of the most gifted Prussian soldiers of the post-Frederican era. He participated in the
French Revolutionary Warsand was wounded during the Siege of Mainz. In 1806, Louis Ferdinand was one of the principal advocates of resuming the war against Napoleon and the First French Empire, triggering the War of the Fourth Coalition.
However, his military potential was not fulfilled because of his early death during the opening engagement of the war, the
Battle of Saalfeld. Louis Ferdinand was in command of 8,300 men when he advanced against Jean Lannes' V Corps as they attempted to break out from the passes of Thuringian Forest. He was killed by Guindet, quartermaster of the French 10th Hussarsafter Louis Ferdinand refused to surrender. As a prominent leader of the Prussian court, his death was grievously felt.
Apart from being a soldier, Louis Ferdinand was also a gifted musician and composer. Johann Friedrich Reichardt, Kapellmeister to Frederick II and Frederick William II, considered him a great pianist. Early on Louis Ferdinand also started to compose music but he was not recognized for his compositional activities until later. His early pieces were performed by the orchestra of Prince Henry, the brother of Fredrick the Great. Later on, Prince Louis Ferdinand joined several salons in Berlin where he frequently improvised on the piano. Among his circle of acquaintances were figures such as Schlegel, Wackenroder, and Tieck, all of them were highly interested in music as well.
Ludwig van Beethovendedicated his Third Piano Concerto to him, a sign of high esteem for his piano playing. [See Barbara H. McMurtry: "Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia". Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy ( [http://www.grovemusic.com Accessed] 2 August, 2007).]
The following is a complete list of compositions by Prince Louis Ferdinand with
opus numbers: [H. Kretzschmar: "Louis Ferdinand, Prinz von Preussen: Musikalische Werke". Leipzig, 1910.]
Piano Quintetin C minor (published 1803)
Piano TrioNo. 1 in A-flat major (published 1806)
*Opus 3: Piano Trio No. 2 in E-flat major (published 1806)
*Opus 4: Andante with Variations in B-flat major for
piano quartet(published 1806)
*Opus 5: Piano Quartet No. 1 in E-flat major (published 1806)
*Opus 6: Piano Quartet No. 2 in F minor (published 1806)
Fuguein G minor for piano (published 1807)
Nocturnein F major for flute, 2 horns and piano quartet (published 1808)
RondoNo. 1 in B major for piano and orchestra (published 1808)
*Opus 10: Piano Trio No. 3 in E major (published 1806)
*Opus 11: Larghetto with Variations in G major for piano quintet (published 1806)
*Opus 12: Octet in F minor for clarinet, 2 horns, 2 violins, 2 cellos and piano (published 1808)
RondoNo. 2 in E major for piano and orchestra (published 1823)
* B. Nadolny: "Louis Ferdinand". Düsseldorf, 1967
* E. Klessmann: "Louis Ferdinand von Preussen, 1772–1806". Munich, 1972
* B.H. McMurtry: "The Music of Prince Louis Ferdinand". diss., University of Illinois, 1972
* N. Miller: "Ein höchst poetische Natur...": Prinz Louis Ferdinand und der Klassizismus in der preussischen Musik", Mendelssohn-Studien, v (1982): 79–98
* [http://www.geocities.com/henrivanoene/genprussia.html Genealogy of the Royal Family of Prussia]
* [http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/riley/787/Napoleon/Prussia/Commanders/Princelouis.html http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/riley/787/Napoleon/Prussia/Commanders/Princelouis.html]
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