Canon (hymnography)

Canon (hymnography)

A canon is a structured hymn used in a number of Eastern Orthodox services. It consists of nine "odes", sometimes called "canticles" or "songs" depending on the translation, based on the Biblical canticles. Most of these are found in the Old Testament, but the final ode is taken from the Magnificat and Song of Zechariah from the New Testament. For clarity, this article will use the term "canticle" to refer to the original biblical text, and "ode" to refer to the composed liturgical hymns.

The canon dates from the 7th century and was either devised or introduced into the Greek language by St. Andrew of Crete, whose penitential Great Canon is still used on certain occasions during Great Lent. It was further developed in the 8th century by Sts. John of Damascus and [ Cosmas of Jerusalem] , and in the 9th century by Sts. [ Joseph the Hymnographer] and [ Theophanes the Branded] .

Over time the canon came to replace the kontakion, a vestigal form of which is still used on several occasions and which has been incorporated into the performance of the canon. Each canon develops a specific theme, such as repentance or honouring a particular saint. Sometimes more than one canon can be chanted together, as frequently happens at Matins.

Biblical canticles

The nine biblical canticles are:
# The Ode of Moses in Exodus ()
# The Prayer of Habakkuk the Prophet (Habakkuk )
# The Prayer of the Three Holy Children (Daniel 3:26-56)*
# The Song of the Three Holy Children (The "Benedicite", Daniel 3:57-88)*
# The Song of the Theotokos (The "Magnificat", Luke

*Rassaphore monk Laurence (1997). "The Unabbreviated Horologion" (2nd ed. 2nd printing with corrections). Jordanville: Holy Trinity Monastery.

*Mother Mary and Ware, Kallistos (Tr.)(1998). "The Festal Menaion" (reprint). South Canaan: St. Tikhon's Seminary Press. ISBN 1-878997-00-9.

*"Psalter According to the Seventy, The" (1987). Boston: Holy Transfiguration Monastery. ISBN 0-943405-00-9.

External links

* [ The Great Canon of St. Andrew of Crete]
* [ The Iambic Canon of Pentecost] with notes, an example of a canon giving both original meter and acrostic.
* [ The Paschal Canon] with extensive notes

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canon — may refer to: * Canon (fiction), a body of works considered genuine or official within a fictional universe * Canon (company), a Japanese imaging and optical products corporation * Canon (music), a contrapuntal composition which employs a melody… …   Wikipedia

  • Ode (disambiguation) — An ode is a form of stately and elaborate lyrical verse. Ode may also refer to: Ode (ballet), a ballet by Massine Ode (poem), a poem by Arthur O Shaughnessy Odic force, the name given to a hypothetical vital energy or life force Ode, Gujarat, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Kanon Pokajanen — is a 1997 composition by Arvo Pärt for four part (SATB) choir. The text is the Canon of Repentance to Our Lord Jesus Christ , an Orthodox hymn written by St. Andrew of Crete, originally in Greek sometime in the eighth century and translated into… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine music — is the music of the Byzantine Empire composed to Greek texts as ceremonial, festival, or church music [The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2007 Byzantine music ] . Greek and foreign historians agree that the ecclesiastical tones and in… …   Wikipedia

  • Kontakion — Icon of St. Romanos the Melodist chanting his kontakion (1649, Malaryta, Belarus). Kontakion (Greek: κοντάκιον) is a form of hymn performed in the Eastern Orthodox Church. The word derives from the Greek word kontax (κόνταξ) …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew of Crete — For the martyr of 766 of the same name, see Andrew of Crete (martyr). Infobox Saint name=Saint Andrew, Archbishop of Crete birth date=c. 650 death date=July 4, 8th century feast day=July 4 venerated in=Eastern Orthodox Church imagesize=200px… …   Wikipedia

  • Канон —         (от греч. kanon норма, правило).         1) В Др. Греции устройство для изучения и демонстрации соотношений тонов, образуемых разл. частями колеблющейся струны; со 2 в. получило назв. монохорда. К. называли также саму числовую систему… …   Музыкальная энциклопедия

  • Eastern Orthodox Christian theology — is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is characterized by monotheistic Trinitarianism, belief in the Incarnation of the Logos (Son of God), a balancing of cataphatic theology with apophatic theology, a hermeneutic defined… …   Wikipedia

  • ГРИГОРИЙ БОГОСЛОВ — [Назианзин; греч. Γρηγόριος ὁ Θεολόγος, ὁ Ναζιανζηνός] (325 330, поместье Арианз (ныне Сиврихисар, Турция) близ Карвали (ныне Гюзельюрт), к югу от г. Назианза, Каппадокия 389 390, там же), свт. (пам. 25 янв., 30 янв. в Соборе Трех святителей; пам …   Православная энциклопедия

  • Byzantine Rite — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”