- Politics of Sierra Leone
Politics of Sierra Leone takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic
republic, whereby the President of Sierra Leoneis both head of stateand head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive poweris exercised by the government. Legislative poweris vested in both the governmentand the House of Representatives. The Judiciaryis independent of the executive and the legislature. Civil rightsand freedom of religionare respected. A critical press continues to operate, although the government has intervened for alleged inaccurate reporting, using the 1965 Public Order Act which criminalizes libel.
Heads of Government of Sierra Leone"
Ernest Bai Koroma
17 September 2007,
17 September 2007The President is Ernest Bai Koroma(since 17 September 2007. The president is both the head of stateand head of government. Ministers of State are appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president. The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term; elections were last held 08 September 2007(Ernest Bai Koroma, APC, 54.6%; Solomon Berewa, SLPP, 45.4%). The president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms.
The House of Representatives has 124 members, 112 members elected for a four year term through
proportional representationin 14 multi-seat constituencies with a constituency threshold of 12.5 % and 12 Paramount chiefs.
Political parties and elections
The next parliamentary and presidential elections in Sierra Leone will take place on August 11, 2007.
There is a High Court, an Appeals Court, and a Supreme Court. The judicial system continues to function for civil cases though some regard it as handicapped by shortages of resources and qualified personnel. Judges are appointed by the President on the advice of the
Judicial and Legal Service Commissionwith the approval of Parliament.
There also are magistrate and local courts and from these appeals lie to the superior courts of judicature.
constitutioncreated an ombudsman responsible for looking into complaints of abuses and capricious acts on the part of public officials. In 2000 the government promulgated the Anti-Corruption Actto combat corruption.
Traditionally, the basic unit of local government outside of
Freetownis the chiefdom, headed by a paramount chief. Since 2004, each of the 13 districts and 6 major cities ( Freetown, Bo, Kenema, Makeni, Koidu and Bonthe) has an elected Local Council which is the highest political authority in the district / city.
* [http://www.statehouse.sl/ Office of the Sierra Leone President]
* [http://www.sierra-leone.org/govt.html Sierra Leone Government]
* [http://www.sc-sl.org/ Special Court for Sierra Leone]
* [http://www.trcsierraleone.org Truth and Reconciliation Commission]
* [http://africanelections.tripod.com/sl.html African Elections Database]
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