Infobox German Bundesland
Name = Rhineland-Palatinate
German_name = Rheinland-Pfalz
state_coa = Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg
capital = Mainz
area = 19847.39
population = 4049000
pop_ref = [cite web |url=http://www.statistik-portal.de/Statistik-Portal/de_zs01_rlp.asp |title= State population |work= Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany |accessdate=2007-04-25]
pop_date = 2007-09-30
GDP = 97
GDP_year = 2005
GDP_percent = 4.3
Website = [http://www.rlp.de/ rlp.de]
leader = Kurt Beck
leader_party = SPD
ruling_party1 = SPD
votes = 4
NUTS = DEB
iso region = DE-RP
Rhineland-Palatinate ( _de. Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 federal states (German: "Bundesländer") of
Germany. It has an area of convert|19846|km2|sqmi and about four million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz.
The federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate was established on 30 August 1946. It was formed from the northern part of the French Occupation Zone, which included parts of
Bavaria(the Rhenish Palatinate), the southern parts of the Prussian Rhine Province(including the District of Birkenfeld which formerly belonged to Oldenburg), parts of the Prussian Province of Nassau (see Hesse-Nassau), and parts of Hesse-Darmstadt ( Rhinehessenon the western banks of the Rhine); the new state was legally confirmed by referendum on 18 May 1947.
Rhineland-Palatinate borders (from the north and clockwise)
North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, Baden-Württemberg, France, Saarland, Luxembourgand Belgium.
The biggest river of the state is the
Rhineriver, which forms the border with Baden-Württemberg and Hesse in the southeast before running through the northern part of Rhineland-Palatinate.The Rhine Valley is bounded by mountain chains and forms a fascinating landscape containing some of the most historically significant places in Germany.
Eifeland Hunsrückmountain chains are found on the west bank of the Rhine in northern Rhineland-Palatinate, while the Westerwaldand Taunusmountains are found on the east bank. The hilly lands in the southernmost region of the state are covered by the Palatinate forestand the Palatinate.
These mountain chains are separated from each other by the following tributaries of the Rhine: the Moselle ("Mosel"), the
Lahnand the Nahe.
List of places in Rhineland-Palatinate.
Rhineland-Palatinate is a parliamentary democracy. Every five years, all Germans residing in the State over the age of 18 elect the members of the
Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag. This regional parliamentor legislaturethen elects the premier and confirms the cabinet members. Rhineland-Palatinate is the only German Bundesland to have a cabinet minister for winegrowing ("Ministry of Economy, Traffic, Agriculture and Winegrowing")
List of Minister-presidents of Rhineland-Palatinate
*13 June 1947 – 9 July 1947:
Wilhelm Boden, CDU
Peter Altmeier, CDU
Helmut Kohl, CDU
*1976–1988: Bernhard Vogel, CDU
Carl-Ludwig Wagner, CDU
Rudolf Scharping, SPD
Kurt Beck, SPD
List of Rhineland-Palatinate Cabinet Members.
26 March 2006 state election
Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 2006"
Kurt Beck (SPD) remained Minister-President, winning an outright majority. Beck offered the FDP to continue the coalition ("red-yellow"). The FDP, however, declined and went into opposition. The
Alliance '90/The Greenslost their representation in the State Parliament.
Since 2000, the employees and assets of the Bezirksregierungen form the "Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion Trier" (Supervisory and Service Directorate Trier) and the "Struktur- und Genehmigungsdirektionen" (Structural and Approval Directorates) "Nord" in
Koblenzand "Süd" in Neustadt (Weinstraße). These administrations execute their authority over the whole state, i. e. the "ADD Trier" oversees all schools.
# Bad Dürkheim
# Bad Kreuznach
Every district is composed of numerous municipalities, which can consist of cities, villages, or groups of villages known as
Verbandsgemeinden.Furthermore there are twelve urban districts which are identified on the map with letters:
Landau(La, the main city and an enclave)
# Neustadt (Weinstraße) (N)
# Worms (W)
Agriculture and viticulture
Rhineland-Palatinate is Germany's leading producer of
wine. In terms of grape cultivation as well as wine export Rhineland-Palatinate is the leading federal state. Its capital, Mainz, may be called the capital of the German wine industry, with the home of the German Wine Institute, the German Wine Fund in the "Haus des Deutschen Weines" (House of the German Wine), as well as the venue of the Verband Deutscher Prädikats- und QualitätsweingüterWine Bourse, which brings together the top winemakers of Germany and the wine merchants of the world.
Six out of all thirteen wine regions for quality wine in Germany, Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Mosel, Nahe, Mittelrhein and Ahr are located in Rhineland-Palatinate. Due to this fact 65% to 70% of the whole production output of wine grapes in Germany have their origin within this federal state. 13,000 wine producers generate 80% to 90% of the German wine export, which was 2.6&nbps;million&nbps;hectoliters in 2003.
Traditional grape varieties as well as a wide range of varieties developed during the last 125 years are characteristic for the region.Classical white varieties are cultivated at convert|63683|ha|acre. These comprise the famous
Rieslings convert|14446|ha|acre, Müller-Thurgau(convert|8663|ha|acre), Silvaner(convert|3701|ha|acre) and Kerner (convert|3399|ha|acre).
The share of red varieties grew constantly during the last decades and amounts to convert|20000|ha|acre.
Dornfelder, a new breed, is the leading red grape cultivated on convert|7626|ha|acre, which is more than a third. Blauer Portugieser(convert|4446|ha|acre) and Spätburgunder (convert|3867|ha|acre) show also appreciable cultivated shares. [ [http://www.statistik.rlp.de/lan/tabellen/rebflaechen.html Cultivated grape varieties in Rhineland-Palatinate 2005] publisher: Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate]
Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnayas white varieties and Regentand St. Laurent as red varieties are increasing their share throughout the years, as the growing conditions improve in Rhineland-Palatinate.
The land supports the wine industry by providing a comprehensive consultancy and education program in the service supply centers ("German:" DLR) of the land. The
Geilweilerhof Institute for Grape Breedingand also the Geisenheim Grape Breeding Instituteare fully or even partially financed by the land. Many well known new breeds like Morio-Muskat, Bacchus, Optimaand Regenthave been created in these institutes.
The world wide leader in
sparkling wineproduction, producing 245 million bottles in 2006, is the renowned Schloss Wachenheim Group. This company has its roots and its operations at different places in Rhineland-Palatinate and is headquartered in Trier. [ [http://www.schloss-wachenheim.com/upload/dokumente/10056.pdf annual report Schloss-Wachenheim Group 2005/2006] publisher: Schloss-Wachenheim Group]
Other renowned sparkling wine producers like Kupferberg, Deinhard and Henkell also had their roots in the land, but now belong to companies outside this federal state, due to business consolidation.
Important sectors are the
chemical industrywith the BASFlargest chemical company in the world, headquartered in Ludwigshafen, the pharmaceutical industrywith Boehringer Ingelheimin Ingelheim am Rheinand the mechanical engineering for important car manufacturers like Opel(engines in Kaiserslautern) or the biggest European truck manufacturer DaimlerChrysler-Truck-Group in Wörth am Rhein, as well as Stabilus, a manufacturer of shock absorbers and world market leader in pneumatic springs and Schottel for nautical engineering. Cookie and cracker specialist Griesson - de Beukelaer is one of the leading biscuit manufacturers in Germany. Bitburgeris one of the major brewers in Germany and the Gerolsteiner Brunnenis also a leader in its sector, the mineral waterbottlers. The famous electronic organ manufacturer Wersiis headquartered in Halsenbach. Frankfurt-Hahn Airportis the only international passenger airport in RP.
Rhineland-Palatinate has supplied immigrants to many parts of the world. The
Hunsrückischen dialect in Brazil bears testimony to this fact, as do the names of the villages of New Paltz and Palatine Bridge in New York and Palatine, Illinois.The Pennsylvania Dutchspoken by the Amish people is (among other dialects) derived from the German dialect spoken in the Rhineland-Palatinate.
Certain colonies in the
United Stateswere settled by poor Palatines—then refugees in England—passage paid for by Queen Anne of Great Britainto reduce the number of impoverished families in London. One of the most notable is New Bern, one of the earliest North Carolinacolonies settled in 1710 by about 400 Palatines (it was 650, but about half died in passage) and 100 Swiss. This venture was orchestrated by the Swiss-born Christoph von Graffenriedafter purchasing over convert|19000|acre|ha from the British Proprieters of Carolana(later called Carolina).
* [http://www.rlp.de/ Official governmental portal]
* [http://www.flyhahn.com/ Tourist Information and Travel Guide to Rhineland-Palatinate]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.