Voiceless labiodental plosive

Voiceless labiodental plosive

The voiceless labiodental plosive is a consonant sound produced like a [p] , but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in [f] . This can be represented in the IPA as IPA| [p̪] . A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the "qp" monogram unicode|ȹ.

The voiceless labiodental plosive is not known to be phonemic in any language. However, it does occur allophonically. The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has affricates, IPA| [p̪͡f] and [b̪͡v] (that is, IPA| [ȹ͡f] and IPA| [ȸ͡v] ), which unlike the bilabial-labiodental affricate IPA| [p͡f] of German are purely labiodental.

One reason that this sound may be so rare is that a person with uneven upper teeth, or gaps between the teeth, will not be able to completely block the flow of air out of the mouth, and therefore will tend to produce a fricative [f] rather than a plosive IPA| [p̪] .fact|date=September 2007

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental plosive:

* Its manner of articulation is plosive or stop, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract.
* Its place of articulation is labiodental which means it is articulated with the lower lips and the upper teeth.
* Its phonation type is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
* It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth.
* It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by allowing the airstream to flow over the middle of the tongue, rather than the sides.
* The airstream mechanism is pulmonic egressive, which means it is articulated by pushing air out of the lungs and through the vocal tract, rather than from the glottis or the mouth.

Occurrence

ee also

* List of phonetics topics


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Voiceless labiodental affricate — A voiceless labiodental affricate (IPA| [p̪͡f] in IPA) is a rare consonant, which is initiated as a labiodental plosive IPA| [p̪] , but released as a voiceless labiodental fricative IPA| [f] . The XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga has this affricate, as… …   Wikipedia

  • Voiced labiodental plosive — The voiced labiodental plosive is a consonant sound produced like a IPA| [b] , but with the lower lip contacting the upper teeth, as in IPA| [v] . This can be represented in the IPA as IPA| [b̪] . A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that… …   Wikipedia

  • Voiceless dental fricative — The voiceless dental non sibilant fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is IPA|θ, and the equivalent X SAMPA symbol is T. The IPA… …   Wikipedia

  • List of consonants — This is a list of all consonants which can be transcribed with a single letter in the International Phonetic Alphabet, plus some of the more common consonants which require diacritics, ordered by place and manner of articulation.Ordered by place… …   Wikipedia

  • ȹ — The QP digraph unicode|ȹ is a ligature of Latin p and q , and is used in some phonetic transcription systems, particularly for African languages, to represent a voiceless labiodental plosive, IPA2|p̪. Unicode|ȹ was added to Unicode 4.1 in 2005,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of phonetics topics — A * Acoustic phonetics * Active articulator * Affricate * Airstream mechanism * Alfred C. Gimson * Allophone * Alveolar approximant * Alveolar consonant * Alveolar ejective fricative * Alveolar ejective * Alveolar flap * Alveolar nasal * Alveolar …   Wikipedia

  • Comparison between Ido and Interlingua — Both languages are fairly successful, but Interlingua has enjoyed greater diffusion and acceptance by public and private institutions. Interlingua is taught in many high schools and universities, for example. Ido is what is called schematic… …   Wikipedia

  • Digraph (orthography) — For other uses, see Digraph (disambiguation). In Welsh, the digraph ⟨Ll⟩, ⟨ll⟩ fused for a time into a ligature. Further information: list of Latin digraphs and list of Cyrillic digraphs A digraph or digram (from the Greek: δίς dís… …   Wikipedia

  • Wikipedia:Artículos solicitados — Atajos WP:AS WP:SOL Artículos solicitados En esta página pue …   Wikipedia Español

  • PRONUNCIATIONS OF HEBREW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the transmission of hebrew as a liturgical language classification of the traditional pronunciations of hebrew the yemenite pronunciation the sephardi pronunciation phonological… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”