- Concise Oxford English Dictionary
The Concise Oxford English Dictionary (officially titled The Concise Oxford Dictionary until 2002, and widely abbreviated COD) is probably the best-known of the 'smaller' Oxford dictionaries. The latest edition of the Concise Oxford English Dictionary contains over 240,000 entries and 1,728 pages (concise only compared to the OED at over 21,000 pages). Its eleventh edition, originally published in 2004, is used by the United Nations as the current authority for spellings in documents written in the English language for international use. It is available for free on the web and as an electronic eBook for a variety of handheld device platforms. In addition to providing information for general use, it documents local variations such as U.S. and U.K. usage.
It was started as a derivative of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), although section S–Z had to be written before the Oxford English Dictionary reached that stage. However, the latest (eleventh) edition was based on the Oxford Dictionary of English (also known as the NODE) rather than the OED.
Until 2000, it was the dictionary used on the game show Countdown.
- First Edition (1911): The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, adapted by H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler ... from the Oxford Dictionary. (They wrote the last section S–Z before the Oxford English Dictionary had reached that stage.)
- Second Edition (1929): The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English H. W. Fowler alone (his brother had died in 1918, although his name is still on the title page).
- Third Edition: (1934) was revised by H. W. Fowler and H. G. Le Mesurier.
- Fourth (1951) and Fifth (1964) Editions were revised by E. McIntosh, who introduced the space-saving swung dash that stands for the headword. The title page still read The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English; but the description read 'edited by H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler; based on the Oxford dictionary'.
- Sixth (1976) and Seventh (1982) Editions were still called The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, but the subtitle now read based on the Oxford English dictionary and its supplements first edited by H.W. Fowler and F.G. Fowler. It was (thoroughly) edited by J.B. Sykes, catching up with the developments in the parent dictionary. In the Seventh Edition, symbols were introduced to mark uses considered controversial or offensive.
- Eighth Edition (1990): The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, first edited by H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler was edited by Robert E. Allen. Being computer-based, this edition changed the original structure to a large extent.
- Ninth Edition (1995) was edited by Della Thompson.
- Tenth Edition (1999, revised 2001) became The Concise Oxford Dictionary. It was edited by Judy Pearsall. Rather than being a direct revision of the ninth edition, it was based on the larger New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998), which Pearsall had edited. Its compilation had involved a re-analysis of much of the core vocabulary using the British National Corpus. The tenth edition was also issued as an electronic resource, as a computer optical disc.
- This edition was to be the last Concise Oxford Dictionary to be used on Countdown, as contestant Helen Wrigglesworth declared ROADSIDE and it was declared illegal. After further inspection from Mark Nyman, the dictionary was found to not have any compound words in it, and was thus abandoned and the show reverted to the 9th edition.
- Eleventh Edition (2004, revised 2006, 2008 and 2009), the Concise Oxford English Dictionary was edited by Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. It is based on the Oxford Dictionary of English (second edition (2003), which Soanes and Stevenson had edited). The Eleventh Edition is available on CD-ROM as an electronic e-Book for a variety of platforms.
2009 Revised 11th Edition
- Title: "Concise Oxford English Dictionary: Luxury Edition, 11th edition, revised 2009"
- ISBN-13 978-0199558452
- Publisher: Oxford University Press
- Place: Oxford
- Date: 9 July 2009
- Compact Oxford English Dictionary of Current English – a smaller one-volume Oxford dictionary
- Shorter Oxford English Dictionary – a larger two-volume Oxford dictionary
- ^ Writing for the United Nations, section IX, Some last tips: Spelling
- ^ The English Dictionary at wordreference.com ("WordReference is proud to offer the Concise Oxford English Dictionary").
- ^ Helen Wrigglesworth at wiki.apterous.org
- ^ Episode 2682 wiki.apterous.org
- ^ Series 42 at wiki.apterous.org
- ^ Episode 2685 at wiki.apterous.org
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