- Pembroke, Pembrokeshire
infobox UK place |country = Wales
constituency_westminster= Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire
postcode_district = SA71
population= 7,214 (2001 census)
Pembroke ( _cy. Penfro) is the traditional
county townof Pembrokeshirein west Wales. However, the administrative centre and de facto county town is Haverfordwest. The town and the county derive their name from that of the cantrefof Penfro: "Pen" = "head" or "end", and "bro" = "region", "country", "land", and so it means essentially "Land's End" [Charles, B. G., "The Placenames of Pembrokeshire", National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, p 671] .
One point of interest in the town is
Pembroke Castle, the impressive remains of a mediæval castlewhich was the birthplace of King Henry VII of England. Pembroke and its surroundings are linked with the early Christian church. Later this was the site of the Knights of St Johnin the UK. Monkton Prioryhas very early foundations and was renovated by the Knights in the last century. There was a Knights' Bath House on the foreshore in Neylandwhich was demolished unlawfully on Boxing Day 2005. The first stone building was a defensive tower, now known as the Medieval Chapel, 69a Main Street, built on a cliff edge between 950AD and 1000AD. There are the remains of a grand hall to the North and recently filled-in arched cellars. The building was used as an early church. The layout is the same as St Govans Chapeland it was used by John Wesleyfrom 1764 to preach Methodism. After Westgate Chapel was built we do not know what it was used for after 1810. In 1866 it became the Brewery for the York Tavern which was Cromwell's headquarters at the siege of Pembroke during the Civil War. On both banks of Pembroke River to the West of the Castle are many remains of early activities. The buildings of Catshole Quarry and the rare vegetation with the irreplaceable foreshore have recently been buried by dumped materials. The North Shore Quarries are relatively complete as are the remains of Medieval and Elizabethan slipways where wooden vessels were built before the industrial Dockyard and Admiralty town was built on the grid pattern of Pembroke Dock.
There is a very early graving dock complete in what was Hancocks Yard, about to be buried by a massive infill of the mud flats to the North. The reclaimed land will be used to build high rise flats.
At Pennar flats the early submarine base used for experiments in submarine warfare has been recently bulldozed to allow speculative development by executive housing.Three of the houses on the then foreshore, part of the shipyard before the Admiralty Dock Yard was built, are still standing but are heavily altered.
ferry portof Pembroke Dockis a separate town, which was established in 1814. It lies three miles to the north of Pembroke.
Pembroke is located on the
south Pembrokeshirepeninsula on the Pembroke river which is fed by the main Cleddau estuary. Pembroke town is located at the bottom of a small valley, flanked on all sides by woodland and arable farmland.
At the 2001 census, the Community of Pembroke had a population of 7,214 [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=801072&c=Pembroke&d=16&e=15&g=416233&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1194190388296&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Census data] ] . The town has expanded over the last 50 years with a number of new housing developments to the east and south of the town centre.
Pembroke School (in Welsh: "Ysgol Penfro") is a mixed 11–18 comprehensive school of 1600 pupils with a
sixth formof about 200. The school was formed in 1972 as a result of the amalgamation of the former grammar and secondary modern schools.
Besides King Henry VII, famous natives of Pembroke include the composer Daniel Jones and
John Lawrencefrom the popular musicband Gorky's Zygotic Mynci.
Pembroke's main sporting asset is Pembroke Rugby Club located on upper Lamphey road. The ground is called Crickmarren. The club is currently situated in Division 4 west. Pembroke's main game of the season is often the local derby between rivals the Pembroke Dock Quins. Pembroke has produced famous players such as Ospreys and Welsh international
Other sporting clubs in the area consist of the football team Monkton Swifts.Monkton swifts are the leading team in the region having won the league title for the past four seasons. Managed by Richard 'Benno' Jones they pride themselves on playing attractive, free flowing football and with an average age in the early 20's it seems they will dominate local football for years to come. Skippered by Weaver Callan, (who cites frankie donavan as his mentor) most of the team such as Ben Nicholas, Daniel Scourfield, Ben Jones, Shaun Jones, Lee Jones, Ben Goldsmith have grown up playing in the same youth team.
The town is also home to Pembroke Cricket Club. The club plays its home games at its Treleet ground on the Upper Lamphey Road, opposite the Rugby Club. The club currently has a 1st and a 2nd team playing in divisions 2 and 4 of the Pembrokeshire league. The club colours are green and gold.Pembroke's most successful players include the likes of - Ray Kane, Eifion Powell, Nigel Phillips, Paul White and Daniel Williams. Williams has also represented Pembrokeshire and West Wales at youth level, where he was a hard hitting batsman and medium pace swing bowler. White has since moved to Local rivals Lamphey and will be playing his cricket in division 3 in 2008.
Pembroke railway stationon Station Road serves the town of Pembroke. The station is on a branch of the West Wales Line. There is also a two-hourly service from Swanseaterminating at Pembroke Dockand also services to Cardiff Central.
The nearest passenger airport is
Cardiff International Airportwhich is about 150 kilometres away.
Pembroke shown within Pembrokeshire UA
Pembroke's sister cities are:
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Pembroke,+UK&hl=en Pembroke at Google Maps]
* [http://www.pembroketown.org.uk Pembroke & Pembroke Dock Website]
* [http://www.pembrokeschool.org/ Pembroke School]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/en/item1/11483 Aerial photograph of Pembroke town and castle]
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