- Bishop of Lichfield
Jonathan GledhillThe Bishopof Lichfieldis the Ordinaryof the Church of England Diocese of Lichfieldin the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers 4,516 km² (1,744 sq. mi.) of the counties of Staffordshire, Shropshire, Warwickshireand West Midlands. The bishop's seat is located in the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Chad in the city of Lichfield. The Bishop's residence is Bishop's House, Lichfield. In the past, the title has had various forms (see below). The present bishop is the Right Reverend Jonathan Gledhill, the 98th Lord Bishop of Lichfield, who signs "Jonathan Lichfield".
The diocese of
Merciawas founded 656 by Saint Diumawith its see at Repton. When Saint Chad was made Bishop in 669, he moved his seat to Lichfield, thus the diocese was named after that city. In 691, the area over which the bishop held authority was divided to form the smaller dioceses of Lichfield, Leicester, Lindsey, Worcester and Hereford.
It was briefly the seat of an
archbishopunder Higbertfrom 787 to 799 (officially dissolved in 803) during the ascendancy of the kingdom of Mercia. Offa, King of Merciaseemed to resent his own bishops paying allegiance to the Archbishop of Canterburyin Kentwho, whilst under Offa's control, was not of his own kingdom of Mercia. Offa therefore created his own archbishopric in Lichfield, who presided over all the bishops from the Humberto the Thames, in 786, with the consent of Pope Adrian I. The Pope's official representatives were received warmly by Offa and were present at the Council of Chelsea(787), often called 'the contentious synod', where it was proposed that the Archbishopric of Canterbury be restricted in order to make way for Offa's new archbishop. It was vehemently opposed, but Offa and the papal representatives defeated Archbishop Jaenbert, installing Higbertas the new Archbishop of Lichfield. Pope Adrian sent Higbert his ceremonial garment, obviously denoting his support for this move. In gratitude, Offa promised to send an annual shipment of gold to the pope for alms and supplying the lights in St. Peter's church in Rome. However the Archbishopric of Lichfield only lasted for 16 years, ending after Offa's death, when at the Fifth Council of Clovesho it was restored to Archbishop Æthelhardof Canterbury by Pope Leo III.
The bishop's seat was briefly moved to Chester in 1075, but by 1102 was in Coventry. From 1228, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield became the official title with seats at both cathedrals, though various older names remained in common usage.
After the Reformation of the 1530s,
Coventry Cathedralwas demolished, and after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 the bishop used the style Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. In 1837, the ancient bishopric was divided. The archdeaconry of Coventry (comprising northern and eastern Warwickshire) was transferred to the see of Worcesterand the style Bishop of Lichfield adopted.
* Beresford, W. (n.d.). "Diocesan Histories: Lichfield". London: SPCK
* Cahill, M. (2001). "The diocese of Coventry and Lichfield 1603–1642". PhD dissertation. University of Warwick.
* Cooper, T. N. (1994). "Oligarchy and conflict : Lichfield Cathedral clergy in the early sixteenth century" in 'Midland History', 19, 40–57.
* Haydn, Joseph. (1894). "Haydn's Book of Dignities (1894)". Horace Ockerby.
* Stenton, Frank M. (1971) "Anglo-Saxon England (Third Edition)".
Oxford University Press
* Whittaker, James. (2004). "Whitaker's Almanack 1883 to 2004". A & C Black, London.
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