Wels

Wels


Wels
Wels
Wels
Wels is located in Austria
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Wels
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Statutory city
Mayor Peter Koits (SPÖ)
Area 45.92 km2 (18 sq mi)
Elevation 317 m  (1040 ft)
Population 58,713 (1 January 2011)[1]
 - Density 1,279 /km² (3,312 /sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate WE
Postal codes 4600-4606
Area code 07242
Website www.wels.at

Coordinates: 48°09′0″N 14°01′0″E / 48.15°N 14.016667°E / 48.15; 14.016667

Wels is the second largest city of the state of Upper Austria, located in the north of Austria, on the Traun River near Linz. It is not part of its surrounding Wels County (Bezirk Wels-Land), but a so-called Statutarstadt (independent city). However, Wels is the county seat of Wels-Land.

Contents

Geography

Wels is located in the Hausruckviertel at an elevation of 317 m. From north to south, it extends over 9.5 km, from west to east over 9.6 km. 3.4% of the area is covered with forest, 23.5% is used for agriculture.

The town comprises the following boroughs: Aichberg, Au, Berg, Brandln, Dickerldorf, Doppelgraben, Eben, Gaßl, Höllwiesen, Hölzl, Kirchham, Laahen, Lichtenegg, Mitterlaab, Nöham, Niederthan, Oberhaid, Oberhart, Oberlaab, Oberthan, Pernau, Puchberg, Roithen, Rosenau, Schafwiesen, Stadlhof, Trausenegg, Unterleithen, Waidhausen, Wels, Wimpassing, Wispl.

History

Alte Sparkasse

The area of Wels has been settled since the Neolithic era and gained importance in Roman times because of its central location in the province of Noricum. Around the year 120, Wels received Roman city rights under the name of Municipium Ovilava. Around 215, it was named Colonia Aurelia Antoniana Ovilabis by Emperor Caracalla. At that time, the city already had 18,000 inhabitants. However, Wels completely lost its importance with the end of Roman rule.

Wels served as a minor trading centre during the Middle Ages. In 1222, during the rule of the Babenberger family, Wels again received city rights. A document dating to 1328 provides evidence for Wels' important role as the location of a market. Its endowment with economic privileges, and its advantageous position on several rivers allowed it to gain an important position in the region.

Emperor Maximilian I died in Wels on January 12, 1519, after having been denied access to Innsbruck by its citizens.

During World War II, a subcamp of Mauthausen concentration camp was located here.[2]

On January 18, 1964, Wels became a Statutarstadt of Austria.

Historical population

215: 18,000; 1991: 52,594; 2001: 56,478

Economy

There are about 36,000 people employed in Wels. Of that, about 63% are in the service sector. Wels is known as an important city for shopping and the location of several gymnasiums (grammar school) and higher vocational schools and also of a vocational college. Furthermore, it is famous for the Wels Fair, which takes place every two years in the autumn.

Personalities

References

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2011-01-01.
  2. ^ Christine O'Keefe.Concentration Camps.www.tartanplace.com/tartanhistory/concentrationcamps.html

See also

  • FC Wels
  • Wels Airport

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Wels — steht für: Wels (Stadt), eine Stadt in Oberösterreich Bezirk Wels Land, ein Bezirk in Oberösterreich Echte Welse (Siluridae), eine Fischfamilie: Europäischer Wels (Silurus glanis), ein europäischer Süßwasserfisch Aristoteles Wels (Silurus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wels [2] — Wels, Stadt in Oberösterreich, 317 m ü. M., am linken Ufer der Traun, an den Staatsbahnlinien Wien Salzburg, W. Passau, W. Aschach und W. Grünau, ist Sitz einer Bezirkshauptmannschaft, eines Kreisgerichts und eines Revierbergamts, hat eine schöne …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • WELS — can refer to:* Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod * WELS (AM), a radio station at 1010 AM located in Kinston, North Carolina * WELS FM, a radio station at 102.9 FM located in Kinston, North Carolina …   Wikipedia

  • Wels — (auch Weller) Sm erw. fach. (15. Jh.), spmhd. wels Stammwort. Offenbar ein alter s Stamm. Vergleichbar ist apreuß. kalis Wels . Vermutlich ist dieser Name (in anderer Form) auf den Wal übertragen worden, so daß das unter Wal aufgeführte Material… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Wels — Wels, n. [G.] (Zo[ o]l.) The sheatfish; called also {waller}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wels — wels; Wels·bach; …   English syllables

  • Wels [1] — Wels (Silurus Lin.), Gattung aus der Fischfamilie Welse, ausgezeichnet durch nackten Leib, weitgespaltenes Maul, niedergedrückten Kopf, so wie (meist) durch einen beweglichen ersten Strahl der Brustflosse, welchen der W. aufrichten u. zur… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wels [2] — Wels (Weler), bei den Liven u. Kuren der böse Gott, Herr über alle Unholde …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wels [3] — Wels, 1) Bezirk des Hausruckkreises in Österreich ob der Enns; 2) Stadt u. Hauptort des Kreises darin, links an der Traun u. an der Kaiserin Elisabeth Westbahn (Linie Linz Gmunden), welche hier nach Passau abzweigt; von doppelten Mauern mit vier… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wels [1] — Wels (Silurus Art.), Gattung der Edelfische aus der Familie der Weise (Siluridae), große Fische mit nackter Haut, großem, breitgedrücktem Kopf, weitem Maul, Bartfäden, sehr kurzer Rückenflosse, ohne Fettflosse, mit sehr langer Afterflosse,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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