- Ulrich von Zatzikhoven
Ulrich von Zatzikhoven was the author of the
Middle High GermanArthurian romance " Lanzelet".
Ulrich's name and his place of origin ("Zezikon" in
Switzerland) are only known definitively from the work itself. However, it is generally accepted that Ulrich is the same person as a lay priest ("Leutpriester") from Lommisin the canton of Thurgauby the name of "Uolricus de Cecinchoven", who occurs as a witness to a deed of gift dated 29 March 1214, executed by the family of the Counts of Toggenburgin favour of the monastery of St. Peterzell.
The Middle High German verse romance "Lanzelet" is Ulrich's only known work, and is an imitation of an unknown
Old FrenchArthurian romance. The hero of the work is Sir Lancelot, whose story had also been told a little earlier by Chrétien de Troyesin his " Le Chevalier de la Charette" ("Knight of the Cart"). However, the content of Ulrich's Lancelot romance differs considerably from that of Chrétien's. Ulrich himself calls his model "daz welsche buoch von Lanzelete" ("the French book of Lancelot"), ["Lanzelet", verse 9341] and claims that it came to Germany in the luggage of the Anglo-Normannobleman Hugh de Morville, one of the hostages for King Richard the Lionheart. Richard was imprisoned by the Staufen Emperor Henry VI from December 21, 1192to February 4, 1194, and Ulrich would have had to become acquainted with the book in this period. By extension, it is presumed that "Lanzelet" was produced not long after 1193in an unknown place.
Ulrich was less well known to subsequent German writers than his contemporaries
Hartmann von Aueand Wolfram von Eschenbach. However, Heinrich von dem Türlin incorporated material from "Lanzelet" into his romance " Diu Crône", and Rudolf von Emspraised Ulrich in two of his works, "Willehalm" [Line 2,197] and the "Alexanderroman". [Line 3,199]
*Schultz, James A. (1991). "Ulrich von Zatzikhoven". In Norris J. Lacy, The New Arthurian Encyclopedia, pp. 481–482. New York: Garland. ISBN 0-8240-4377-4.
*Ulrich von Zatzikhoven; Kerth, Thomas Kirth (translator) (2005). "Lanzelet".
Columbia University Press. ISBN 3110189364.
* [http://www.fh-augsburg.de/~harsch/germanica/Chronologie/12Jh/Zatzikhoven/zat_intr.html E-Text in the Bibliotheca Augustana]
* [http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/sammlung1/cpg/cpg371.xml?docname=cpg371&pageid=PAGE0010 Cod. Pal. germ. 371: Ulrich von Zatzikhoven, "Lanzelet"] (the late mediaeval illuminated Heidelberg Lanzelet MS)
"This article draws heavily on that in the German Wikipedia."
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